Income of the poorest fell 6% in Eighties
While the average household, after housing costs, saw real disposable income rise by 30 per cent from 1979, the poorest 10 per cent saw theirs fall by 6 per cent.
The figures do not even cover those living rough, or the homeless in bed-and-breakfast accommodation. Their numbers have both risen. Michael Meacher, Labour's social security spokesman, said last night that the figures 'explode the Tories' trickle- down myth' - the theory that the least well-off gain automatically as the better-off do better.
The Households Below Average Income statistics show that the share of total income enjoyed by the poorest 10 per cent of households dropped by well over a third - from 4 per cent in 1979 to 2.5 per cent in 1988/89.
The statistics do not compare how the top 10 per cent fared; but as the bottom half saw their income share fall from 32 to 27 per cent, those at the top plainly did far better.
The statistics also reveal the changing nature of the bottom 10 per cent. They now contain fewer pensioners but many more unemployed families.
Peter Lilley, the Secretary of State for Social Security, said the figures showed 'the success of Government economic policies in increasing prosperity for the population as a whole'. Overall, income rose 30 per cent on average, while unemployment increased by 15 per cent.
Mr Lilley attributed part of the fall for the bottom 10 per cent to the growth in the self-employed, many of whom declare nil or negative incomes in the early stages. They 'dragged down' the figures. DSS figures show, however, that the proportion of the self-employed in that group rose only from 12 to 17 per cent.
Mr Meacher said the figures 'refute the Conservative claim that everyone gained in the 1980s', showing instead that inequality had widened. The proportion of households on below half the average income jumped from 9 to 22 per cent, up from five million to 12 million people.
'The Conservative strategy of helping the poor by letting the rich help themselves has utterly failed,' Mr Meacher said, adding that the recession would make the picture even bleaker.
Mr Lilley pointed to significantly higher ownership of videos, fridge-freezers and central heating among the bottom 10 per cent.
Audit HBAI; HMSO; pounds 9.95
Jo from Northern Ireland was less than impressed by Russell Brand's attempt to stage a publicity stunt
- 2 Harry Potter fans can apply to the Hogwarts-inspired College of Wizardry
- 3 Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
- 4 Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
- 5 Orange Wednesdays are no more
Weather bomb in pictures: Storms cuts power for tens of thousands – and snow is on the way
Jessica Chambers: 19-year-old woman 'doused with lighter fluid and burned alive' in the US
Russell Brand calls Nigel Farage 'poundshop Enoch Powell' in BBC Question Time debate
Russell Brand was rendered speechless on Question Time by this man
Fury at Airbus after it hints the super-jumbo may be mothballed
Nigel Farage: Me vs Russell Brand on Question Time – he's got the chest hair but where are his ideas?
Shock poll shows voters believe Ukip is to the left of the Tories
Disgruntled RBS worker writes hilarious open letter to Russell Brand after anti-capitalist publicity stunt leaves him hungry
New era of cheap oil 'will destroy green revolution'
Ukip founder Alan Sked and Nigel Farage 'begged Enoch Powell to stand as a candidate'
Ukip candidate jokes about 'shooting peasants' in racist and homophobic rant
£30000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company specialises in the...
£25000 per annum: Ashdown Group: An established media firm based in Surrey is ...
£40000 - £470000 per annum + bonus: Ashdown Group: Java Developer / J2EE Devel...
£70000 per annum: Ashdown Group: Head of Finance - Financial Controller - Fina...