The chart that shows which benefits George Osborne will probably cut in the Budget

There are only certain places the Chancellor's cuts can fall

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George Osborne has planned to make £12bn welfare cuts and is expected to announce some of them in his Budget on Wednesday.

Reports emerged last month that £5bn could come from tax credits. Let's look at why they might consider doing that.

A large part of the welfare budget is off-limits


The Chancellor has ruled out any cuts to pensioners or universal pensioner benefits like bus passes or TV licences.

These make up £95bn a year, or 40 per cent of the total welfare budget.

The cuts explicitly outlined in the Conservative manifesto save very little

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The Institute for Fiscal Studies says about £1.5bn in cuts have been outlined in the manifesto.

These include freezing working age benefits for two years, which save £1bn.

Other measures including reducing the benefit cap to £23,000 a year, which saves only £0.1bn, and removing housing benefit from young people, which saves the same small sum.


The options left are quite limited

This means that £10.5bn have to come from what's left. Below is what's left for George Osborne to cut:

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From this chart it should be clear the scale of the cuts being made.

Totally abolishing all of Jobseekers' Allowance and Income Support wouldn't even cover half the cuts George Osborne wants to make to benefits.

Totally scrapping child benefit would do it, just about.

Housing benefit and child benefit have already been subject to restrictions in the previous parliament and further restrictions on housing benefit are already included in the roughly £1.5bn cuts in the Conservative manifesto.

Disability benefits are in the middle of a transition to a new system which the Government will be keen to make sure goes as smoothly as possible.

Tax credits are the biggest single lump. A government that made £13bn welfare cuts without touching tax credits would end up making even sharper cuts elsewhere.

This isn't to say that such cuts are necessary: there are good arguments against George Osborne's overall spending plans. Even if you agreed with those, the same savings could be accomplished with tax rises or departmental cuts.

But with what the Conservatives have set out to do in mind, it won't be a surprise if George Osborne announces £5bn tax credit cuts tomorrow.

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