Criminals who receive suspended jail terms should be stripped of any gun licences they hold, MPs reviewing firearms law said today.
Current legislation in England and Wales is a "complex and confused" mess, and tighter restrictions on gun licences are needed, the Commons Home Affairs Select Committee said.
The review comes after taxi driver Derrick Bird killed 12 people in a shooting spree in west Cumbria in June. He was sentenced 20 years ago to six months in prison, suspended for a year, for stealing decorating materials from his then employer.
Bird also had a drink-driving conviction and had been arrested over claims he "demanded payment with menaces" after a customer made off from his cab without paying.
Bird, 52, was allowed to keep his shotgun certificate, which he got just before his 17th birthday, because neither of his convictions warranted an immediate custodial sentence to trigger an automatic ban.
The MPs said: "We do not believe it appropriate for those convicted of offences which are serious enough to warrant a custodial sentence to retain their firearms.
"We are also of the view that those who receive shorter custodial sentences should not be allowed to possess firearms and recommend accordingly."
Last month, an independent review ordered by Cumbria Constabulary proposed that anyone handed a jail term of three months or more which is wholly suspended should be banned from owning licensed weapons for five years.
Keith Vaz, the committee chairman, said: "The terrible murders perpetrated by Derrick Bird in June highlighted gaps in the current licensing regime, notably around the ease with which convicted criminals can gain access to firearms.
"We have heard evidence of further cases in which individuals applying to obtain a licence for firearms have lied about their mental health problems and have subsequently gone on to misuse their weapons.
"Current gun law is a mess. It needs to be simplified, (and made) clear and consistent to be properly understood by both those using firearms for legitimate purposes and those in charge of enforcing the law."
Shooting organisations told the MPs that 34 pieces of legislation govern the use of firearms and few people could understand them.
The committee said this placed an "onerous burden" on police and members of the public who wanted to abide by the law.
It called for one licensing system to cover all guns, replacing the current regimes.
Minimum age limits should be considered "with the aim of reducing inconsistency and complexity around the use of firearms by children".
About 1,000 people under the age of 18 have a licence, including children as young as 10, who are not allowed to use the guns unsupervised until they are 15, the MPs heard.
The MPs also called for the Government to consider requiring the police to consult the domestic partners of licence applicants before deciding whether they should grant a licence.
Application fees should increase to cover the costs of gun licensing because of "concern about the potential impact of police spending cuts on the firearms licensing function", the MPs said.
But the committee said it was unconvinced by the idea of tagging the medical records of every licence holder and rejected a proposal to ban guns and ammunition being kept in homes to deter thieves.
It added that progress on closing loopholes which enable reactivated guns to be converted into firing weapons has been too slow.
The British Association for Shooting and Conservation (Basc) said it disagreed with the committee's call for the introduction of minimum age limits, the increase in licence fees and the recommendation to apply "the current, complicated section-one firearms licensing system on to shotguns".
Bill Harriman, Basc director of firearms, said: "This is not the end of the road in terms of the political battle to secure effective law which serves both public safety and firearms users."
Crime prevention minister James Brokenshire said: "Public protection is the first duty of any government and our firearms laws are among the toughest in the world.
"It is right that we keep them under review and we are prepared to tighten them further if necessary. Those controls must also be proportionate and fair.
"The Government will carefully consider the committee's recommendations, alongside those made by the Association of Chief Police Officers and any issues raised in the parliamentary debate, before deciding what further action might be necessary."