Robert Halfon: Deputy Conservative Chairman
The embodiment of “blue-collar Conservatism”, he is a tireless grassroots campaigner – particularly over fuel prices – and now boasts an 8,350 majority in previously ultra-marginal Harlow. He is pro-trade union and a supporter of increasing the national minimum wage.
In tray: He once said the party needed more prominent figures who “sound normal” – and now has the job of making that happen. He has to reach out to working-class voters seduced by Ukip.
Amber Rudd: Energy and Climate Change Secretary
Wins a big promotion after increasing her majority in Hastings and Rye despite once describing her constituency as a “bit depressing”. The former banker and financial journalist is considered a moderate Eurosceptic.
In tray: Deciding UK’s stance at international climate talks in Paris and the balance between the green agenda and economic growth. Decisions on investments in renewables, fracking, and whether to build a nuclear power station at Hinckley Point.
Priti Patel: Employment Minister (attending Cabinet)
Former party press officer and now the Witham MP is rewarded for her forceful performances during the election campaign. She is on the right of the party and a Eurosceptic. Ms Patel has called for the return of hanging.
In tray: She will take direct charge of meeting Tory promises to achieve “full employment” by the creation of two million more jobs. She will also oversee the drive to increase the number of apprenticeships.
John Whittingdale: Culture Secretary
Having never been a minister in his 23 years as an MP John Whittingdale’s elevation to the Cabinet is meteoric. But his appointment sends a message to Tory backbenchers that preferment is possible even for those who may have given up hope (and be tempted to rebel).
In tray: As former chairman of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee, he knows his new brief already. His main job will be to negotiate the BBC Charter renewal and replace the licence fee.
Anna Soubry: Minister for Small Business
A week ago the former defence minister feared she would not even be an MP but now she has a key role in the Department for Business and the right to attend Cabinet.
In tray: Tough, feisty and straight-talking, her job will be the knotty task of cutting regulation to promote small business growth – without falling foul of EU employment laws. It’s dry stuff but Cameron has promised to deliver two million new jobs in five years – and it will fall in part to Soubry to deliver on that.
Rising star tipped as Britain’s first prime minister from an ethnic minority. Son of a bus driver, he grew up in two-bedroom flat in Bristol. After university he joined Deutsche Bank. Parliamentary aide to George Osborne before becoming Treasury minister and Culture Secretary.
In tray: Will bring in legislation to restrict strikes in essential services. Industrial action would require the support of at least 40 per cent of all those entitled to take part in strike ballots.
Greg Clark: Communities Secretary
Thoughtful moderniser who grew up in Middlesbrough where his father and grandfather were milkmen. Was a special adviser before entering Parliament in 2005. In previous ministerial posts he drew up plans to devolve powers to cities.
In tray: Squeeze on local government spending, which is “non-protected” and hit hard since 2010. Legislation to allow housing association tenants to buy their homes. Will be under pressure to increase number of homes built.
Matthew Hancock: Cabinet Office minister and Paymaster General
A former aide to George Osborne before becoming an MP in 2010 election. Hancock has had a meteoric ministerial rise.
In tray: As Paymaster General he now has the daunting task of finding £10bn worth of Whitehall efficiency savings and continuing the work of Francis Maude pushing through Civil Service reform. He will need to take on departmental fiefdoms and sometimes their ministerial masters as well.
What does five more years of the Tories mean for Britain?
What does five more years of the Tories mean for Britain?
1/8 Welfare payments will be slashed
One of the most controversial parts of the Conservative manifesto was to cut benefits for the working age poor by £12 bn over the next three years. But during the campaign they only said where £2 bn of these savings would come from. That leaves £10 bn still to find. Some experts think the only way they can close that gap is by means testing child benefit – with millions of families losing out
2/8 There will be tax cuts for those in work and those who die
The Tories will increase the threshold at which the 40p rate of tax becomes payable to £50,000 by 2020. They haven’t said so but it is also likely that at some point in the next five years they will abolish that 45p rate of tax altogether for the highest earners. They also want to increase the effective inheritance tax threshold for married couples and civil partners to £1m
3/8 There will be an in/out EU referendum in 2017
The next two years are going to be dominated by the prospect of a referendum on Britain’s membership of the EU. First off David Cameron has the daunting task of negotiating a deal with other EU leaders an acceptable deal that he can sell to his party so he can go into the referendum campaigning for a ‘yes’ vote. This may be unachievable and it is possible that the Tories may end up arguing to leave. Opinion polls show Britain is divided on EU membership, one poll this year showed 51% said they would opt to leave compared to 49% who would vote to stay in
4/8 There will be more privatisation of the NHS
Having won the election the Tories now have a mandate to go further and faster reforming the NHS. In order to make cost savings there is likely to be greater private involvement in running services, while some smaller hospitals may lose services they currently provide like A&E and maternity units
5/8 There will be many more free schools – and traditional state schools will become a thing of the past
The Tories plans to create 500 new free schools and make 3,000 state schools become academies. They will also carry on reforming the Department of Education and remove more powers from local authorities over how schools are run
6/8 On shore wind farms will be a thing of the past and fracking will be the future
Government spending on renewable energy is under real threat now the Lib Dems are no longer in power with the Tories. Subsidies are likely to be slashed for off-shore wind farm and other green energy supplies. Meanwhile there will be generous tax break for fracking as ministers try and incentivise the industry to drill for onshore oil and gas
7/8 There maybe more free childcare – but not necessarily
In the campaign the Tories pledged to double the amount of free early education for three- and four-year-olds from 15 hours a week to 30. The extra hours would only be offered to working families where parents are employed for at least eight hours a week. However they have not said where the money will come from to fund the pledge
8/8 Workers' rights could be reduced
The Tories want to slash business regulation, merge regulator and cut costs. The Lib Dems stopped them from reducing the employment rights of workers in power – but these are now under threat
The rest of the cabinet
Prime Minister: David Cameron First Secretary of State
Chancellor of the Exchequer: George Osborne
Home Secretary: Theresa May
Foreign Secretary: Philip Hammond
Work and Pensions: Iain Duncan Smith
Defence: Michael Fallon
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster: Oliver Letwin
Health: Jeremy Hunt
Chief Whip: Mark Harper
Leader of the House of Commons: Chris Grayling
Justice: Michael Gove
Education: Nicky Morgan
Leader of the House of Lords: Baroness Stowell
Environment: Liz Truss
International Development: Justine Greening
Transport: Patrick McLoughlin
Northern Ireland: Theresa Villiers
Wales: Stephen Crabb
Scotland: David Mundell