Scientists warm to dinosaur theory
Steve Connor is the Science Editor of The Independent and i. He has won many awards for his journalism, including five-times winner of the prestigious British science writers’ award; the David Perlman Award of the American Geophysical Union; four times highly commended as specialist journalist of the year in the UK Press Awards; UK health journalist of the year and a special merit award of the European School of Oncology for his investigations into the tobacco industry. He has a degree in zoology from the University of Oxford and has a special interest in genetics and medical science, human evolution and origins, climate change and the environment.
Friday 08 July 1994
The argument over whether dinosaurs were warm-blooded 'endotherms', like today's mammals, or cold-blood 'ectotherms', like lizards, has raged almost since the day when the first fossils were classified more than a century ago. Endotherms have high metabolic rates to generate internal heat and can operate in a variety of outside temperatures. Lizards and other ectotherms, however, have to warm themselves up by lying in the sun.
Researchers who have analysed the chemical composition of bones from a well-preserved T. rex believe they have found the strongest evidence yet that dinosaurs, which ruled the world for 163 million years before becoming extinct 65 million years ago, were indeed warm-blooded.
By comparing phosphates from the bones in the trunk of the animal with bones taken from the extremities, such as legs, scientists from North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina, found the body temperature of T. rex remained fairly constant.
They also believe the temperature difference between the two parts of the animal was no more than 4C, about the same as the variation seen in a large warm- blooded mammal. Their findings are reported in the current issue of the scientific journal Science.
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