Serb jailed for breaking sanctions
Saturday 23 July 1994
It is the first time Customs and Excise has successfully prosecuted for sanctions-busting with the former republic and was regarded as a test case. The severity of Borislav Borjanovic's sentence reflected the court's concern that the materials he exported, although apparently harmless, could have been used by the Serbian military.
Judge Gerald Butler QC said at Southwark Crown Court: 'These goods were not supplied for the purpose of military use . . but a moment's thought might have told him that it could have been put to military use. The fact is that the mere supply is of itself sufficient to cause me to take a very serious view.'
Britain has banned all trade with Serbia since June 1992, under the terms of a United Nations security council resolution. However, London, with its big expatriate Serbian community, has remained an important centre for illicit exports. There are two further cases to be heard later this year. One concerns the export of chemicals that could be used for the manufacture of missile propellant.
Borjanovic, 55, came to Britain in 1991 as the representative for a then Yugoslav state-owned import-export business, which has a subsidiary in the UK called BYE Limited.
Stephen Kramer, for Customs, told the court that Borjanovic had pleaded guilty to nine specimen counts of illegal trading with Serbia. His Serbian clients, who were mainly manufacturers of chemical fertiliser, paid him through a personal bank account in Budapest. He supplied them with chemicals and other components, some made in Britain, mainly through Austrian companies.
The value of the goods he supplied or attempted to supply to Serbia was pounds 130,000. Borjanovic was motivated by the desire to keep his company afloat financially after the imposition of sanctions, which had crippled its business. He had been told by his Serbian employers to remain in Britain and do his best to find business.
He then wrote himself a memo in which he described the options: 'I had to adjust myself to the situation in which I found myself . . . however, having the choice between working and not having any problems . . . I have made my decision (to trade illegally) in such a way that there is no risk.'
For the defence, David Cocks QC, said that Borjanovic was 'an admirable man, who overcame enormous difficulties to make a success of his life'.
Lammily: Barbie-like doll hits Kickstarter fundraising target in a day
Belle Knox: How the porn star student from Duke University became bigger than Justin Bieber
Top 10 most expensive cities in the world: Singapore named costliest place to live – but what about London?
Oscar Pistorius trial: Neighbour feared athlete would use gun that killed his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp to shoot himself
Channel 4 announces two-hour TV show to be broadcast 'Live from Space' later this month
Apple's Tim Cook: Business isn’t just about making profit
Thousands of young people forced to go without food after benefits wrongly stopped under 'draconian' new sanctions regime
Ukraine crisis: New navy chief 'defects' and surrenders Crimean HQ as Putin claims ultranationalists forced intervention
Britain's top vet sparks controversy with call for ban on slashing animals' throats in 'ritual' slaughters for halal and kosher meat products
Ukraine crisis: Russia dismisses '3am ultimatum' as 'total nonsense'
If you're horrified by a flame-roasted dog, you should be shocked at a hog roast
- 3 Channel 4 announces two-hour TV show to be broadcast 'Live from Space' later this month
- 4 Man stabbed with Legend of Zelda Master Sword in serious condition
- 5 Study suggests that 'gaydars' are real - at least for women
£30000 - £50000 per annum + Highly Competitive Salary: Austen Lloyd: Residenti...
£40k to £50k pa OTE £80k: Charter Selection: My client, a leading profitable a...
£46,141 to £51,816: NI Direct: The PPS is responsible for all prosecutions pre...
£50000 - £330000 per annum + Highly Competitive Salary: Austen Lloyd: Resident...