Serb jailed for breaking sanctions
Saturday 23 July 1994
It is the first time Customs and Excise has successfully prosecuted for sanctions-busting with the former republic and was regarded as a test case. The severity of Borislav Borjanovic's sentence reflected the court's concern that the materials he exported, although apparently harmless, could have been used by the Serbian military.
Judge Gerald Butler QC said at Southwark Crown Court: 'These goods were not supplied for the purpose of military use . . but a moment's thought might have told him that it could have been put to military use. The fact is that the mere supply is of itself sufficient to cause me to take a very serious view.'
Britain has banned all trade with Serbia since June 1992, under the terms of a United Nations security council resolution. However, London, with its big expatriate Serbian community, has remained an important centre for illicit exports. There are two further cases to be heard later this year. One concerns the export of chemicals that could be used for the manufacture of missile propellant.
Borjanovic, 55, came to Britain in 1991 as the representative for a then Yugoslav state-owned import-export business, which has a subsidiary in the UK called BYE Limited.
Stephen Kramer, for Customs, told the court that Borjanovic had pleaded guilty to nine specimen counts of illegal trading with Serbia. His Serbian clients, who were mainly manufacturers of chemical fertiliser, paid him through a personal bank account in Budapest. He supplied them with chemicals and other components, some made in Britain, mainly through Austrian companies.
The value of the goods he supplied or attempted to supply to Serbia was pounds 130,000. Borjanovic was motivated by the desire to keep his company afloat financially after the imposition of sanctions, which had crippled its business. He had been told by his Serbian employers to remain in Britain and do his best to find business.
He then wrote himself a memo in which he described the options: 'I had to adjust myself to the situation in which I found myself . . . however, having the choice between working and not having any problems . . . I have made my decision (to trade illegally) in such a way that there is no risk.'
For the defence, David Cocks QC, said that Borjanovic was 'an admirable man, who overcame enormous difficulties to make a success of his life'.
- 1 Malaysian cyclist could face disciplinary action after 'Save Gaza' gloves protest
- 2 Is Gideon Levy the most hated man in Israel or just the most heroic?
- 3 Fifty Shades of Grey trailer provokes moral outrage from US parenting groups
- 4 McDonald’s removes chicken nuggets from the menu in Hong Kong amid major food scare
- 5 Students offered grants if they tweet pro-Israeli propaganda
Israel-Gaza conflict: Israeli targeting policy under scrutiny after shellfire hits a mother and child, a school full of refugees and a doctor’s home
MH17 crash: Investigators discover more human remains and 'huge section of plane'
Students offered grants if they tweet pro-Israeli propaganda
McDonald’s removes chicken nuggets from the menu in Hong Kong amid major food scare
Satellite full of sexually experimental geckos adrift in space, Russia loses control of mission
The 'scroungers’ fight back: The welfare claimants battling to alter stereotypes
Arizona execution lasts two hours as killer Joseph Wood left 'snorting and gasping' for air
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Ukrainian military jet was flying close to passenger plane before it was shot down, says Russian officer
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: Massive rise in sale of British arms to Russia
Malaysia Airlines MH17 crash: victims’ bodies bundled in black bags and loaded onto trains
John Barrowman praised for Commonwealth Games opening ceremony gay kiss
£600 - £650 per day: Orgtel: Conduct Risk Liaison Manager - Banking - London -...
Highly Attractive Package: Austen Lloyd: CITY - COMMERCIAL LITIGATION - GLOBAL...
£65000 - £75000 per annum + Benefits: Progressive Recruitment: The client is a...
£40000 - £45000 per annum: Ashdown Group: A well-established software house ba...