A discussion on the ‘Independent on Sunday’ Comment desk about whether certain words (feisty, blowsy, bubbly) were sexist because they were almost always applied to women degenerated into a trawl through the Oxford Dictionary for the surprising origins of some words.
Gerrymander: A new voting district in Massachusetts in the shape of a salamander favoured Governor Elbridge Gerry’s party.
Blowsy: Early 17th century: from obsolete blowze, “beggar’s female companion”.
Bumf: Late 19th century: abbreviation of slang bum-fodder. From Rich Greenhill.
Humble pie: A pun on “umbles”, offal, considered to be inferior food. Thanks to Chris Bryant MP.
Raspberry: to blow a Raspberry tart, rhyming slang for “fart”. Rich Greenhill again.
Tawdry: Early 17th century: short for tawdry lace, contraction of St Audrey’s lace, after patron saint of Ely, where cheap finery was sold at a fair. Via Rafael Behr.
Shibboleth: From Hebrew for “ear of corn”, used (in the Bible) as a test of nationality by its difficult pronunciation.
Prurient: Late 16th century: mental itching, from Latin for “itching, longing”.
Feisty: Late 19th century: from earlier feist, fist, “small dog”, from fisting or hound, a derogatory term for a lapdog, from Middle English fist, “break wind”.
Shambles: Originally a butcher’s slaughterhouse.
Next week: Tautologies – safe haven, pre-planned.
Coming soon: Spoonerisms (well- boiled icicle, and so on). Send your suggestions, and ideas for future Top 10s, to email@example.com