The ruling, dealing with a dollars 1.3b ( pounds 830m) settlement of around 100,000 claims from people suffering from asbestos-related illnesses, is the first to limit compensation in an attempt to end expensive and time-consuming litigation.
Under the ruling handed down by Federal Court Judge Lowell A Reed in Philadelphia, sufferers of mesothelioma, a disease of the lung-lining, will be awarded sums ranging from dollars 20,000 ( pounds 12,500) to dollars 200,000 ( pounds 125,000), with an average payout of between dollars 37,000 and dollars 60,000. Sufferers of lung cancer will receive average payments of between dollars 19,000 and dollars 30,000 to a maximum of dollars 86,000, while victims of other cancers will receive up to dollars 30,000.
Extraordinary claims from around 3 per cent of severe sufferers will range up to dollars 300,000.
The ruling was handed down after a deal was struck by lawyers representing victims and the Center for Claims Resolution (CCR), an asbestos industry conciliation body representing 20 firms, including T&N, formerly Turner and Newell, Britain's largest producer of the material.
Although Lloyd's exposure from T&N claims was described by the market last night as 'minimal', the ruling could be significant because it sets a precedent for the capping of claims. Tom Benyon, director of the Society of Names, described it as good news and said it meant Lloyd's could finally 'get lucky' in other cases.
In his judgment, handed down on Tuesday, Judge Reed said that the system had demonstrated that the lawyers were well paid for their services but the victims were not receiving 'speedy and reasonable inexpensive resolution of the claims'. Some lawyers are already planning to appeal against the capping of awards and Lloyd's itself was viewing the deal cautiously. A further 200,000 claims are outstanding.Reuse content