Gaddafi offers ceasefire, but says he will not leave

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The Independent Online

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi called for a ceasefire and negotiations with Nato powers in a live speech on state TV early today, as Nato bombs struck a government complex in the capital, Tripoli.

The targeted compound included the state television building and a Libyan official alleged that the strikes were meant to kill Colonel Gaddafi. However, the TV building was not damaged and the leader spoke from an undisclosed location.



Since the start of the uprising against him in February, Col Gaddafi has made only infrequent public appearances.



In the rambling pre-dawn speech, which lasted for more than an hour, he appeared both subdued and defiant, repeatedly pausing as he flipped through handwritten notes.



"The door to peace is open," he said, sitting behind a desk. "You are the aggressors. We will negotiate with you. Come, France, Italy, UK, America, come, we will negotiate with you. Why are you attacking us?"



He said Libyans have the right to choose their own political system, but not under the threat of Nato bombings.



Rebel leaders have said they will only lay down their arms and begin talks on Libya's future after Col Gaddafi and his sons, some of whom hold powerful positions in the country, step aside. Col Gadhafi has repeatedly refused to resign.



Today's pre-dawn air strikes targeted a government complex, and reporters visiting the scene were told the two damaged buildings housed a commission for women and children and offices of parliamentary staff.



One of at least three bombs or missiles knocked down a huge part of a two-storey Italian-style building. In another building, doors were blown out and ceiling tiles dropped to the ground. One missile hit the street outside the attorney-general's office, twisting a lamppost and gouging out a crater.



A policeman said three people were injured, one seriously.



In his speech, Col Gaddafi lamented the air strikes, which began in mid-March under a UN mandate to protect Libyan civilians. The strikes have mainly hit Libyan military targets, but three did hit Col Gaddafi's residential compound.

"Why are you killing our children? Why are you destroying our infrastructure," he said today, while denying that his forces had killed Libyan civilians.



Yet, even as he called for a ceasefire, he appeared to dismiss the possibility of one, saying his enemies were al Qaida operatives who did not understand what a truce meant.



He promised the young rebels fighting his regime that if they gave up their guns, he would give them cars and money, saying they were children "tricked" by Nato promises.



"When Libya returns as it was, before this conspiracy, you'll take cars... the money will come to you!" he vowed.



A TV transmission tower stood near the buildings struck today. During Col Gaddafi's speech, which began at around 2.30am, the TV screen went dark three times, but he completed his address.



Government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim denounced the strikes as a crime and alleged they were meant to kill Col Gaddafi. "We believe the target was the leader," he said.



He said it had been announced earlier that Col Gaddafi would be speaking live. Coalition forces "thought he was speaking adjacent to the Libyan broadcasting centre", Mr Ibrahim said.



Hours earlier, however, government forces shelled the besieged rebel city of Misrata, killing 15 people, including a nine-year-old boy, hospital doctors said. The city of 300,000 is the main rebel stronghold in western Libya and has been under siege for two months.



The port is Misrata's only lifeline. Yesterday, Nato foiled attempts by regime loyalists to close the only access route to Misrata, intercepting boats which were laying anti-ship mines in the waters around the port.



The regime signalled yesterday that it is trying to block access to Misrata by sea.



Mr Ibrahim said he was unaware of the attempted mine-laying. However, he said the government is trying to prevent weapons shipments from reaching the rebels by sea. Asked whether aid vessels would also be blocked, he said any aid shipments must be co-ordinated with the authorities and should preferably come overland.



Col Gaddafi's forces have repeatedly shelled the port area and his ground troops are deployed on the outskirts of Misrata, after having been driven out of the centre by the rebels last week.



With the rebels holding much of eastern Libya, Col Gaddafi needs to consolidate his hold over the western half, including Misrata and a mountainous region on the border with Tunisia.



Yesterday, fighting between rebels and regime loyalists over a key border crossing spilled over into Tunisia, drawing a sharp rebuke by Tunisian authorities.



The Foreign Ministry summoned Libya's ambassador to convey its "most vigorous protests" for the "serious violations" at the Dhuheiba border area, a ministry statement said.



The crossing is a strategic lifeline for Libya's western Nafusa mountain area where members of the ethnic Berber minority - who have complained of systematic discrimination by the regime - have been fighting the Gaddafi forces for several weeks.



Elements of Libyan government forces crossed the border following the fighting with the rebels, prompting the Tunisian army to mount searches for them in the frontier town of Dhuheiba.



At one point yesterday, 15 Libyan military vehicles, carrying troops armed with anti-aircraft guns and rocket launchers, were spotted in Dhuheiba.



Town resident Mohammed Hedia said local civilians and the families of Libyan rebels who had been staying there set upon the Gaddafi troops, creating a "chaotic situation".



The Tunisian news agency, citing military officials, said dozens of Libyan troops and rebel fighters were killed in the two-day battle over the Dhuheiba crossing which ended with rebels regaining control yesterday, after Libyan forces held it for a day.



Thousands of residents of the mountain area have fled to Dhuheiba and other Tunisian border towns. TAP said thousands more Libyan refugees streamed into Tunisian overnight.







Nato said this morning that it wants Moammar Gadhafi's forces to end their attacks on civilians before it considers the Libyan leader's cease-fire offer.



An official said that the alliance wants to "to see not words but actions" as Gadhafi's regime has announced cease-fires several times before and continued attacking cities and civilians.



The official, who could not be identified in line with standing regulations, said just hours before Gadhafi proposed the truce, his forces indiscriminately shelled the besieged port city of Misrata, Libya, killing several people.



"All this has to stop, and it has to stop now," the NATO official said, adding that a cease fire must be "credible and verifiable."

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