Kenya gripped as democracy takes to stage in presidential election debate

Country's two key candidates put on spot about violence that engulfed elections four years ago

Nairobi

With its stage dressed in red, white and blue and a blown up image of an imposing, white-pillared mansion, some Kenyans might have wondered if they had accidentally tuned in to watch a rerun of a US presidential debate. Some even joked that the studio set had been borrowed from the last Kenyan to win such a debate, US President Barack Obama.

In fact, the pillars were those of the State House in Nairobi and the next three-and-a-half hours on Monday night were a showcase for the best and worst of African democracy. Millions of Kenyans settled in front of the television at home, big screens erected at bus stops, or transistor radios in the slums, as all the major radio and TV stations broadcast the country’s first ever debate ahead of critical elections of 4 March.

East Africa’s biggest economy has been described as being at a crossroads and the outcome of next month’s vote will be watched for signs that the continent’s upward trajectory is sustainable. Kenya can be seen as emblematic of Africa’s rise: its economic growth of close to five per cent outstrips the moribund US and EU; its pioneering technology scene that gave birth to mobile money transfer systems has seen it branded the “silicon savannah”; and its middle class has been pushing the boundaries of media and political freedoms. It is also dogged by insecurity, rampant corruption and the spectre of its last election which pitched the country dangerously close to civil war and left four Kenyan “ringleaders” facing charges at the International Criminal Court.

The two main rivals, Prime Minister Raila Odinga and former deputy prime minister Uhuru Kenyatta – sharing the stage with six lesser lights – were immediately forced to answer questions that remain from the killings four years ago. They were asked: why are Kenyan politics dogged by tribalism?

Mr Kenyatta, Kenya’s richest man according to Forbes magazine, described tribalism as a “cancer” that had caused conflict and death. Mr Odinga, a political veteran, whose supporters believe had the last election stolen from him, called it a “disease of the elite”.

Atypically the leading contenders’ platitudes were challenged. Why then had they campaigned on explicitly tribal lines in Mr Kenyatta’s case, or fought the previous election by calling on 41 of Kenya’s 42 ethnic groups to gang up on the other one, the moderator asked.

The last polls held at the tail end of 2007 resulted in a maelstrom of violence. Street battles between rival supporters left some 1,500 people dead and hundreds of thousands displaced. Two of the four people considered most responsible for the violence, Mr Kenyatta and his running mate William Ruto, are due in the dock at The Hague one month after polling day. Kenya could face sanctions if a new administration flouts the ICC.

How would the son of the country’s founding president run the country while standing trial, he was asked? When he ventured the idea of video conferencing, Mr Odinga replied with the zinger: “You can’t run the government by Skype.”

By this stage the Kenyan debate had knocked the Pope from the top of global Twitter trends with early estimates showing 300,000 Tweets reaching an audience of 189 million. On Twitter, African election watchers wondered why they had nothing like this in South Africa. Even Nigeria’s debates were snubbed by the incumbent in 2011 until his realistic rivals were removed. Here was the window on Africa that observers had longed for: optimistic, irreverent and tech savvy despite being haunted by corruption and gross abuses of power.

Kenyan election: Meet the candidates

Mohamed Dida

A political minnow whose eccentric references to “devil-worship” made him the jester of the evening

Prof Ole Kiyapi

Long-serving government man whose failure to turn academic achievements into any change in office is typical of his generation

Uhuru Kenyatta

Fabulously rich and unused to answering tough questions, he faces trial at The Hague and may need to win to avoid jail.

Peter Kenneth

One of three of Kenya’s most powerful ethnic group the Kikuyu, but still polling inside the margin of error.

Musalia Mudavadi

The “safe pair of hands” hoping to earn third place and a seat at the governing table after a divisively tribal campaign.

Martha Karua

Popular with educated urban Kenyans and a strident debater had the best lines but her campaign has failed to break the tribal blocks.

Raila Odinga

The champion of Kenya’s second largest tribe the Luo is trying to run one last time as the reform candidate despite four years in office.

Paul Muite

Veteran lawyer who forced his way onto stage and made important points on corruption and tribalism but unlikely to register at polls.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Tradewind Recruitment: English Teacher

Negotiable: Tradewind Recruitment: My client is an excellent, large partially ...

Tradewind Recruitment: Science Teacher

£90 - £140 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: I am currently working in partnersh...

Tradewind Recruitment: Year 3 Primary Teacher

£100 - £150 per day: Tradewind Recruitment: Year 3 Teacher Birmingham Jan 2015...

Ashdown Group: Lead Web Developer (ASP.NET, C#) - City of London

£45000 - £50000 per annum + Excellent benefits: Ashdown Group: Lead Web Develo...

Day In a Page

Isis hostage crisis: The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power

Isis hostage crisis

The prisoner swap has only one purpose for the militants - recognition its Islamic State exists and that foreign nations acknowledge its power, says Robert Fisk
Missing salvage expert who found $50m of sunken treasure before disappearing, tracked down at last

The runaway buccaneers and the ship full of gold

Salvage expert Tommy Thompson found sunken treasure worth millions. Then he vanished... until now
Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Homeless Veterans appeal: ‘If you’re hard on the world you are hard on yourself’

Maverick artist Grayson Perry backs our campaign
Assisted Dying Bill: I want to be able to decide about my own death - I want to have control of my life

Assisted Dying Bill: 'I want control of my life'

This week the Assisted Dying Bill is debated in the Lords. Virginia Ironside, who has already made plans for her own self-deliverance, argues that it's time we allowed people a humane, compassionate death
Move over, kale - cabbage is the new rising star

Cabbage is king again

Sophie Morris banishes thoughts of soggy school dinners and turns over a new leaf
11 best winter skin treats

Give your moisturiser a helping hand: 11 best winter skin treats

Get an extra boost of nourishment from one of these hard-working products
Paul Scholes column: The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him

Paul Scholes column

The more Jose Mourinho attempts to influence match officials, the more they are likely to ignore him
Frank Warren column: No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans

Frank Warren's Ringside

No cigar, but pots of money: here come the Cubans
Isis hostage crisis: Militant group stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

Isis stands strong as its numerous enemies fail to find a common plan to defeat it

The jihadis are being squeezed militarily and economically, but there is no sign of an implosion, says Patrick Cockburn
Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action

Virtual reality: Seeing is believing

Virtual reality thrusts viewers into the frontline of global events - and puts film-goers at the heart of the action
Homeless Veterans appeal: MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’

Homeless Veterans appeal

MP says Coalition ‘not doing enough’ to help
Larry David, Steve Coogan and other comedians share stories of depression in new documentary

Comedians share stories of depression

The director of the new documentary, Kevin Pollak, tells Jessica Barrett how he got them to talk
Has The Archers lost the plot with it's spicy storylines?

Has The Archers lost the plot?

A growing number of listeners are voicing their discontent over the rural soap's spicy storylines; so loudly that even the BBC's director-general seems worried, says Simon Kelner
English Heritage adds 14 post-war office buildings to its protected lists

14 office buildings added to protected lists

Christopher Beanland explores the underrated appeal of these palaces of pen-pushing
Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Human skull discovery in Israel proves humans lived side-by-side with Neanderthals

Scientists unearthed the cranial fragments from Manot Cave in West Galilee