Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir claimed victory over the International Criminal Court (ICC) after it shelved further investigation of war crimes in Darfur, and reaffirmed his hard line on the rebel region.
The Hague-based court indicted Bashir in 2009 for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in suppressing the Darfur revolt.
But the court’s prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, said on Friday that she was shelving the Darfur investigation for lack of support from the Security Council, the UN body able to take coercive measures that could compel Bashir and co-defendants to face the court.
“They wanted us to kneel before the International Criminal Court but the ICC raised its hands and admitted that it had failed,” Mr Bashir said in a defiant speech.
“The Sudanese people have defeated the ICC and have refused to hand over any Sudanese to the colonialist courts.”
The ICC has also charged Mr Bashir’s defence minister, interior minister and a militia leader. None has been arrested and Sudan has been shielded from further action at the 15-member Security Council by China, a veto-wielding permanent member.
Ms Bensouda said that the Council’s inaction would only “embolden perpetrators to continue their brutality”. “I am left with no choice but to hibernate investigative activities in Darfur as I shift resources to other urgent cases,” she added.
Darfur has been wracked by conflict since mainly non-Arab tribes took up arms in 2003 against the Arab-led government in Khartoum, accusing it of discrimination. It has killed as many as 300,000 people and displaced two million, the UN says.
In his speech, Mr Bashir lashed out at the opposition, which is largely boycotting the April polls, warning those who had signed unity agreements with rebels to stay abroad with the “traitors”.
He reaffirmed his refusal to address Darfur alongside a separate but closely-linked insurgency, mounted by former civil war fighters left in Sudan after South Sudan seceded in 2011.
“There won’t be a new [peace] agreement in Darfur and we won’t group South Kordofan and Blue Nile with Darfur. There is no relationship between the two regions,” he said. Negotiations to end a three-year-old insurgency in the southern provinces collapsed on Tuesday after rebels insisted talks include their allies in Darfur.
Rebels said on Friday they had captured army outposts as near as four miles from South Kordofan’s capital.
The army did not return requests for a comment last night. “This year there will be no more rebellions. The armed forces are ready,” Mr Bashir added.