Barack Obama's choice for CIA's top job faces grilling over drone strikes
John Brennan has been the President's top counter-terrorism adviser for the last four years
Known for his commentary on international relations and US politics, Rupert Cornwell also contributes obituaries and occasionally even a column for the sports pages. With The Independent since its launch in 1986, he was the paper's first Moscow correspondent - covering the collapse of the Soviet Union – during which time he won two British Press Awards. Previously a foreign correspondent for the Financial Times and Reuters, he has also been a diplomatic correspondent, leader writer and columnist, and has served as Washington bureau editor. In 1983 he published God's Banker, about Roberto Calvi, the Italian banker found hanging from Blackfriars Bridge.
Friday 08 February 2013
Confronted by public protest and fierce Congressional questioning, CIA director designate John Brennan strongly defended the Obama administration's secretive but ever broadening use of drones to kill terrorist targets – a policy of which he, as the president's top counterterrorism adviser for the last four years, has been a prime architect.
Hardly had Mr Brennan embarked on his opening statement at his Senate Intelligence Committee conformation hearing than protesters shouted him down, accusing him of being responsible for the deaths of innocent civilians. Some unfurled a placard declaring 'Brennan, a National Security Risk.'
After the room had been cleared and proceedings restarted, the Senators themselves took up the attack, complaining at continually being kept in the dark by the CIA, and demanding full access to documents setting out the legal basis for the president's "unfettered power" to order killings, especially of American citizens.
But Mr Brennan gave as good as he got. "We only take such actions as a last resort to save lives," he told Oregon Democrat Ron Wyden, one of the CIA's most trenchant critics. The protesters "misunderstand what we do as a government, the agony we go through to make sure we have no collateral damage and death."
His grilling came at a moment when the drone programme, run by the CIA and the Pentagon, has never been more controversial: specifically because even American citizens can be among the targets; more generally because of the proliferation of innocent victims in countries with which Washington is not formally at war. This, critics say, only inflames resentment of the US and creates more terrorists.
Officially, drone attacks are barely acknowledged by the White House. But, according to a report from the Council of Foreign relations, over 400 strikes have been carried out against al-Qa'ida targets in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia, killing around 3,000.
Stoking criticism too was a recently leaked White House memo, drawn up to justify the 2011 killing of Anwar al-Awlaki, a US citizen who moved to Yemen and became a leading al-Qa'ida propagandist and recruiter, calling for armed jihad against America. This document gives the president virtual carte blanche to kill any US citizen suspected of being a senior operational figure in al-Qa'ida and deemed to be a loosely-defined "imminent threat." But opponents insist it violates the constitution. The Senate hearing was therefore a rare public opportunity to learn the thinking of the man who will head the agency that is both the most important US gatherer of foreign intelligence, and the operator of a clandestine paramilitary force. But the tensions inherent between government secrecy and the public's right to know were quickly apparent. "We need to optimise transparency and optimise secrecy to preserve national security," Mr Brennan said.
Even so, there is little doubt Mr Brennan will be confirmed. Many Republican senators may oppose the choice of their one-time colleague Chuck Hagel as Secretary of Defence – but the vast majority of them have never had qualms over the use of drones in fighting terrorism. They will agree with Mr Brennan's contention, spelt out in preliminary written answers to the Committee, that no further legislation is needed to conduct operations against al-Qa'ida.
The danger, if any, is posed by liberal Democrats, led by Mr Wyden who had hinted he might seek to block the nomination without a full explanation of how drone attacks were justified. In response, the White House has reversed course and provided the Committee with the original Justice Department document from 2010, setting out the legal basis for assassinations of targets like Awlaki.
Whatever the complaints about his record, the choice of Mr Brennan, 57, has been warmly welcomed at the CIA itself, where he spent 25 years and is regarded as 'family.' That long service included stints as station chief in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and as chief of staff to the former director George Tenet.
Mr Brennan maintains that although he was at the CIA when the George W. Bush administration authorised so-called "enhanced interrogation techniques" such as waterboarding, he was not involved.
- 1 Paris attacks: Do not call Charlie Hebdo killers 'terrorists', BBC says
- 2 Man who held up 'hire me' sign at Waterloo station returns a year later with 'I'm hiring' sign
- 5 The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
Paris attacks: Do not call Charlie Hebdo killers 'terrorists', BBC says
Rowan Atkinson to sell £10 million McLaren 'supercar' he crashed into a tree and a lamppost
UK weather: Snow to fall in the coming week with sub-zero temperatures to last until early February
Saudi preacher who 'raped and tortured' his five -year-old daughter to death is released after paying 'blood money'
Howard 'Mr Nice' Marks reveals he has inoperable cancer: 'I've had an incredible life'
Nigel Farage: NHS might have to be replaced by private health insurance
'We would evict Queen from Buckingham Palace and allocate her council house,' say Greens
French court convicts three over homophobic tweets, in case hailed as a 'significant victory' by LGBT rights campaigners
Greece elections: Syriza and EU on collision course after election win for left-wing party
George Galloway condemns 'racist, Islamophobic, hypocritical rag' Charlie Hebdo at freedom of speech rally
British Muslim school children suffering a backlash of abuse following Paris attacks
£20000 per annum: Ashdown Group: A highly reputable business is looking to rec...
£25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Busy, friendly and creative marketing ag...
£50000 per annum + 26 days, pension, private medical : Ashdown Group: A highly...
£50000 per annum + 26 days holiday,pension: Ashdown Group: A highly successful...