Prism and the US internet giants: The relationship, the numbers and the language

The US has been accessing private data of 'foreigners' for years - so who are the eight companies in the Prism scandal, and what was their role?

Name: Microsoft

Value: £151bn

PRISM inclusion: September 2007

Users: 400m

They said: “Your privacy is our priority.”

They say: "If the government has a broader voluntary national security program to gather customer data we don't participate in it.”

Name: Yahoo!

Value: £15bn

PRISM inclusion: December 2008

Users: 200m

They said: “Yahoo! is committed to gaining your trust.”

They say: “We do not provide the Government with direct access to our servers, systems, or network.”

Name: Google

Value: £173bn

PRISM inclusion: January 2009

Users: 1bn

They said: “We want you to be clear how we’re using information and the ways in which you can protect your privacy.”

They say: “Google does not have a 'back door' for the government to access private user data.”

Name: Facebook

Value: £40bn

PRISM: inclusion: June 2009.

Users: 1bn

They said: “We will protect you and your information better than any other company in the world.”

They say: “When Facebook is asked for data or information about specific individuals, we carefully scrutinize any such request for compliance with all applicable laws, and provide information only to the extent required by law.”

Name: Paltalk

Value: £100m

PRISM inclusion: December 2009

Users: 150m

They said: “We strive to protect our user's privacy.”

They say: Not commented yet.

Name: YouTube

Value: £13bn

PRISM inclusion: September 2010

Users: 1bn

They said: “We're serious about protecting our users.”

They say: “Google [which runs YouTube] does not have a back door for the government to access private user data."

Name: Skype

Value: £8.8bn

PRISM inclusion: February 2011

Users: 663m

They said: “Skype [owned by Microsoft] is committed to respecting your privacy.”

They say: “If the government has a broader voluntary national security program to gather customer data we don't participate in it.”

Name: AOL

Value: £2bn

PRISM inclusion: March 2011

Users: 300m

They said: “Your information is only shared with third parties with your permission.”

They say: Not commented yet.

Name: Apple

Value: £268bn

PRISM inclusion: October 2012

Users: 500m

They said: “Your privacy is important to Apple.”

They say: “"We have never heard of PRISM. We do not provide any government agency with direct access to our servers, and any government agency requesting customer data must get a court order."

Further reading:

GCHQ handed personal web data by US spies
Obama defends NSA and FBI mining private data
Q&A: What is Prism, is it legal and what data can it obtain?

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA year of political gossip, levity and intrigue from the sharpest pen in Westminster
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Account Manager

£20000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This full service social media ...

Recruitment Genius: Data Analyst - Online Marketing

£24000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: We are 'Changemakers in retail'...

Austen Lloyd: Senior Residential Conveyancer

Very Competitive: Austen Lloyd: Senior Conveyancer - South West We are see...

Austen Lloyd: Residential / Commercial Property Solicitor

Excellent Salary: Austen Lloyd: DORSET MARKET TOWN - SENIOR PROPERTY SOLICITOR...

Day In a Page

Isis in Iraq: Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment by militants

'Jilan killed herself in the bathroom. She cut her wrists and hanged herself'

Yazidi girls killing themselves to escape rape and imprisonment
Ed Balls interview: 'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'

Ed Balls interview

'If I think about the deficit when I'm playing the piano, it all goes wrong'
He's behind you, dude!

US stars in UK panto

From David Hasselhoff to Jerry Hall
Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz: What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?

Grace Dent's Christmas Quiz

What are you – a festive curmudgeon or top of the tree?
Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Nasa planning to build cloud cities in airships above Venus

Planet’s surface is inhospitable to humans but 30 miles above it is almost perfect
Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history - clocks, rifles, frogmen’s uniforms and colonial helmets

Clocks, rifles, swords, frogmen’s uniforms

Surrounded by high-rise flats is a little house filled with Lebanon’s history
Return to Gaza: Four months on, the wounds left by Israel's bombardment have not yet healed

Four months after the bombardment, Gaza’s wounds are yet to heal

Kim Sengupta is reunited with a man whose plight mirrors the suffering of the Palestinian people
Gastric surgery: Is it really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Is gastric surgery really the answer to the UK's obesity epidemic?

Critics argue that it’s crazy to operate on healthy people just to stop them eating
Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction Part 2 - now LIVE

Homeless Veterans appeal: Christmas charity auction

Bid on original art, or trips of a lifetime to Africa or the 'Corrie' set, and help Homeless Veterans
Pantomime rings the changes to welcome autistic theatre-goers

Autism-friendly theatre

Pantomime leads the pack in quest to welcome all
The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

The week Hollywood got scared and had to grow up a bit

Sony suffered a chorus of disapproval after it withdrew 'The Interview', but it's not too late for it to take a stand, says Joan Smith
From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?

Panto dames: before and after

From Widow Twankey to Mother Goose, how do the men who play panto dames get themselves ready for the performance of a lifetime?
Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Thirties murder mystery novel is surprise runaway Christmas hit

Booksellers say readers are turning away from dark modern thrillers and back to the golden age of crime writing
Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best,' says founder of JustGiving

Anne-Marie Huby: 'Charities deserve the best'

Ten million of us have used the JustGiving website to donate to good causes. Its co-founder says that being dynamic is as important as being kind
The botanist who hunts for giant trees at Kew Gardens

The man who hunts giants

A Kew Gardens botanist has found 25 new large tree species - and he's sure there are more out there