President Barack Obama has unveiled a sweeping budget blueprint with tax hikes for America’s wealthiest and big corporations to fund new breaks for the middle class as well a broad infrastructure investment effort that together will once more put him on a war footing with congressional Republicans.
The record $4 trillion budget for the fiscal year that begins on 1 October puts meat on the bone of the combative State of the Union delivered by the president last month that emphasised helping middle class Americans by changes in the tax code and the creation of other programmes and tax benefits to lift their prospects. It is a plan for the future that “reflects our values,” President Obama insisted.
While the White House recognises the chances of the inches-thick document winning blanket approval by a Congress under Republican control are slim to zero, it stands as opening bid in a debate on tackling the income gap in America that is likely to dominate next year’s presidential race. It will present Republicans with some awkward choices as pressure rises on Washington to tackle income inequality.
State of the Union address: President Obama's speech
State of the Union address: President Obama's speech
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U.S. President Barack Obama shakes hands with Speaker of the House John Boehner (R) as Vice President Joe Biden looks on at the end of President Obama's State of the Union address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington
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US President Barack Obama departs following his State of the Union address on Capitol Hill in Washington
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Barack Obama delivers the State of the Union address to Congress
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U.S. President Barack Obama blows a kiss to his wife, first lady Michelle Obama who was sitting in the gallery, at the end of his State of the Union address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington
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US First Lady Michelle Obama looks at guest Rebekah Erler as President Barack Obama mentions her and her family during the State of the Union address at the US Capitol in Washington
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Alan Gross (C), recently freed after being held in Cuba since 2009, pumps his fist after being recognized by U.S. President Barack Obama during the State of the Union speech in the House chamber of the U.S. Capitol in Washington
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U.S. lawmakers pay tribute to the victims of the Paris attacks by holding up pencils during U.S. President Barack Obama's State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington
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U.S. President Barack Obama arrives to deliver his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington
With his new budget, Mr Obama is also proposing ending strict federal spending ceilings, notably on defence, that were imposed as part of a compromise to end an acrimonious budget stand-off in 2011. Calling on Congress to “replace mindless austerity with sensible investment,” Mr Obama noted that the federal deficit had been cut by two thirds since he came into office.
The proposed boost in spending for the Pentagon will be welcomed by Republicans, some of whom also have some sympathy with Mr Obama’s request for a special infrastructure fund to mend America’s many crumbling bridges, roads and airports and further expand broadband access. His broader message of taking money from the rich and giving it to the middle classes remains anathema to the party, however.
Many were already lining up to accuse Mr Obama of practising class warfare. He is trying to “exploit envy economics,” Paul Ryan, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, commented. “It may make for good politics. It doesn't make for good economic growth.”
His budget seeks a one-off 14 per cent tax on earnings parked overseas by large US businesses. Thereafter, corporations like General Electric and Microsoft, which have thus far evaded taxes on earnings moved outside the US, would pay a continuing 19 per cent overseas earnings tax rate. He also wants to raise capital gains rates on top earners and close inheritance tax loopholes.
The funds generated by the changes would be funneled variously towards the infrastructure bank, new child credits for the middle class, help with community college tuition for some students, a $1 billion fund to aid counties in Central America and a new boost in research spending by the US. As well as a base $534 billion budget for the Pentagon, Mr Obama is also requesting $51 billion in war funds, reflecting concerns about the threat from the Islamic State and ongoing trouble in Ukraine.
More than just numbers, the draft is a statement of Mr Obama’s priorities for his last two years and could serve as a basis for the party’s 2016 nominee widely expected to be Hillary Clinton.
Taken as a whole, the draft “affords him an opportunity to contrast his vision of helping the middle class with the Republican Congress’ approach of exacerbating inequality, ignoring the middle class and making the burdens of those who want to enter it even greater,” said Neera Tanden, president of the Center for American Progress, a liberal think tank in Washington.