Until last week, pairs of these brown-uniformed cops would lurk in the rush-hour troublespots, ticket books at the ready, palms outstretched, pistol in the pocket. Most seemed far less concerned with traffic flow than with their personal cashflow.
But last Monday all 900 male traffic officers in Mexico City were forced to turn in their ticket pads and give way to an elite all-woman force of 120 cisnes - or swans - riding four to a car. Still, in a city with an official population of 9 million - and unofficial census estimates of upwards of 23 million - this represents precious few. Drink-driving laws are lax, breathalysers are rare and stopping at red lights is optional. Most traffic police prefer to survey the cars waiting to merge on to the ring road, diligently searching for an expired pollution certificate or licence plate they can point out so they get a cash incentive from the motorist not to issue a citation.
Last year, only 1.7 million traffic tickets were filed and 90 per cent went unpaid. "There is a perception that the people holding the ticket books commit acts of corruption," says Alejandro Gertz, the Secretary of Public Security. "That's why we are coming up with asensible response."
There are a few women officers, known as foxes or zorros, but they are in a glamorous, black-clad, gun- toting demolition squad andhang on to the leads of German shepherd dogs. The swans are unarmed, and must rely on persuasion rather than threat. Their salaries average even less than the typical pounds 300 take-home pay of the traditional traffic policemen.
But the city fathers are confident the swans will not take bribes. "Women by nature are more moral," the Public Security spokesman, Valentin Perez, said. "They take the straight road."
So far this year, 44 policemen and security guards have been charged with crimes. "Show your identification to the cops, if it is requested," says Debra Pike-Tritton, a long-time resident of Mexico City. "But do not hand it to them. You may not get it back, especially if you have refused to pay a bribe. Some sell your papers."
Experienced drivers usually keep a copy of the Mexican rules of the road in the glove compartment. When pulled over, most drivers and traffic police are willing to settle on one-third the maximum fine.
Jose Luis, a bartender, was nabbed for double-parking this week, but the old methods failed him. When he tried to slip the policewoman a 50- peso note to forget about it, she pursed her lips and continued filling in the form. She slapped away his attempt to put the folded bill into her pocket.
"Nothing doing," Jose Luis muttered later. "She told me if I pay this in three days at the station, they'll cut the fine in half. But I just don't know. I have been driving 15 years and never paid a ticket yet."
Could this finally be the swan-song of the macho ticket dodger as well as the corrupt cop?