NELSON MANDELA'S African National Congress registered a landslide victory in the South African elections when the final results were announced yesterday afternoon by Judge Johan Kriegler, the chairman of the Independent Electoral Commission.
Judge Kriegler deemed the elections 'substantially free and fair'. The ANC won 62.65 per cent of the vote to the National Party's 20.39 per cent. The Inkatha Freedom Party came third with 10.54 per cent, accumulating most votes in KwaZulu-Natal.
The ANC won seven of the nine new provinces, losing the Western Cape to the National Party and KwaZulu-Natal, amid allegations of widespread fraud, to Inkatha. The provincial legislatures are due to be sworn in today. On Monday the 400-strong National Assembly, in which the ANC will occupy 252 seats, will hold its first sitting in Cape Town, to elect Mr Mandela as president.
Present at Mr Mandela's inauguration in Pretoria on Tuesday will be Thabo Mbeki, the ANC's urbane national chairman, who won the battle for the position of first deputy president, against Cyril Ramaphosa. The second deputy president has not been announced, but is certain to be F W de Klerk, whom Mr Mandela travelled to Cape Town to see yesterday afternoon.
Before leaving Johannesburg, the president-elect named his appointments to the cabinet of the government of national unity, which will rule for the next five years. After a three-hour meeting with the man he will replace, Mr Mandela said agreement had been reached for the ANC to occupy 18 cabinet posts, the National Party six and Inkatha three.
The biggest surprise in Mr Mandela's cabinet list was the non- appearance of Mr Ramaphosa, the ANC's secretary general, who asked not to be included, according to an ANC statement.
Mr Mandela named 16 ministers yesterday, in addition to Mr Mbeki. The Minister of Defence will be Joe Modise, who until now has been chief of the ANC's military wing, Umkhonto weSizwe (Spear of the Nation). Mr Modise established a good rapport with the white generals, who will continue to operate in the higher echelons of the South African National Defence Force.
The Minister of Justice will be Dullah Omar, who was one of Nelson Mandela's lawyers when he was in prison, and the delicate job of Minister of Police Services has been given to the former trade unionist, Sydney Mufamadi. Other prominent names on the list are Joe Slovo, the chairman of the South African Communist Party, who is Minister of Housing and Welfare; Jay Naidoo, former general secretary of the Congress of South African Trade Unions, who has been appointed Minister without Portfolio but is expected to concentrate on the ANC's economic reconstruction programme; Mac Maharaj, the right-hand man of Mr Ramaphosa in the constitutional negotiations of the last two years, who will be Minister of Transport; and Ahmed Kathrada, who spent 25 years in jail with Mr Mandela, will head the national prison system as Minister of Correctional Services.
The most startling appointment was that of Alfred Nzo, the new Minister of Foreign Affairs. Mr Nzo, 69, had virtually disappeared after Mr Ramaphosa replaced him as ANC secretary general in 1991, and it had been assumed that he had retired. His political resurrection was unexpected and could only be explained in terms of a sentimental attachment on the part of the president-elect. One of Mr Nzo's new fellow ministers described him yesterday as 'singularly lacking in vim'.
What remained to be decided last night was who Mr de Klerk would propose to the cabinet from the National Party. Yesterday's South African newspapers speculated that Derek Keys, Mr de Klerk's Minister of Finance, would keep his post, having forged a close working relationship with his ANC counterparts.
Inkatha also being entitled to seats in cabinet, the question on everybody's lips was whether Mangosuthu Buthelezi would choose to fill one of them.
The manner of Inkatha's victory in KwaZulu-Natal (where they obtained 50.32 per cent to the ANC's 32.23 per cent) is likely to remain a subject of controversy. Judge Kriegler, in pronouncing the KwaZulu-Natal elections free and fair, overruled the views of IEC staff working in the province itself. He did say 'alleged irregularities would be investigated and, where appropriate, prosecuted'. This was the only part of South Africa where the result was completely at odds with pre-election opinion polls, which gave the ANC a clear lead.
A senior ANC official said last night his organisation 'knew' they had really won 55 per cent of the provincial vote. 'But we decided, painful as it was, not to press the issue,' he said, 'because to do so would have provoked a resurgence of violence by Inkatha, and that would not be to the benefit of the new government or the country.'
The following ANC members were nominated by Nelson Mandela yesterday to sit in the first all-race South African cabinet: First Deputy President, Thabo Mbeki; Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alfred Nzo; Defence, Joe Modise; Justice, Dullah Omar; Police, Sydney Mufamadi; Housing and Welfare, Joe Slovo; Trade and Industry, Trevor Manuel; Labour, Tito Mboweni; Minister Without Portfolio, Jay Naidoo; Health, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma; Public Enterprises, Stella Sigcawu; Education, Arts and Culture, Sibosiso Bhengu; Transport, Mac Maharaj; Provincial Affairs, Kader Asmal; Public Services, Zola Skwewiya; Public Works, Jeff Radebe; Prisons, Ahmed Kathrada.