Singapore’s super rich are always on the lookout for new playthings. At a jetty near the Changi Airport over the weekend, a vehicle called The Humdinga – a cross between a Hummer and a boat – was launched in a display for local media. The amphibious car is designed for disaster relief and policing, but some of the city state’s wealthier residents are eyeing it as an alternative to another Ferrari 458. The chance to bypass traffic by dipping into the waterways to reach the office, golf course or their yacht, is pretty alluring.
For the wealthiest, the news this week that Singapore now tops Tokyo and Osaka as the world’s most expensive city, according to a survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), is probably not much of a surprise. But for ordinary Singaporeans, the daily cost of living has become a serious concern.
The survey, which compared cost of living in 131 cities, points to a strong Singapore dollar and depreciation in the Japanese yen for the result. Singapore was found to be the most expensive city to run a car and the most expensive place to buy clothes.
“The cost of living here has risen so rapidly in recent years that it’s practically impossible for young couples to afford housing or quality childcare unless they’re both working in relatively well-paying, white-collar jobs,” said Ashwin, an MBA student at the INSEAD School of Business and a father of a two-month-old, who only provided one name.
The Singapore-based EIU Asia analyst Sumana Rajarethnam agreed. “It’s not surprising that Singapore is the world’s most expensive city, it has been creeping up the cost-of-living rankings in recent years,” he said. “Ten years ago it was in 18th place, last year it was in sixth.”
With a population of 5.4 million people, Singapore now has more millionaires per capita than any other country in the world. According to Wealth-X, a consultancy that monitors the world’s über-rich, some 1,400 ultra-high-net-worth individuals call Singapore home, and they hold more than £96bn worth of wealth in Singapore. It has also overtaken Switzerland as the world’s fastest-growing wealth management centre.
In pictures: The top 10 most expensive cities
In pictures: The top 10 most expensive cities
1/9 1. Singapore
There's little disposable income available to Singaporeans. Despite the average person earning £1,600 per month, a 1-bed apartment sets resident back around the same amount. As for getting around the city, a bog standard new family car like a Volkswagen Golf will cost a whopping £65,000
2/9 2. Paris
The price per square meter for an apartment located in the city centre is over £8,200 – at least £300 more than London – making it one of the most expensive places to buy an apartment in the world
3/9 3. Oslo
Fancy a bottle of red in the Norwegian capital? A distinctly average bottle of pinot noir will cost a cool £17
4/9 4. Zurich
Visiting Zurich on business might seem like a good idea, but catch a cold and you’ll have to part with £12 just for a bottle of medicine. Additionally, a three-bed apartment in city costs on average £2,200 a month
5/9 5. Sydney
It remains Australia’s most expensive place to buy a property - perhaps unsurprising given that it’s the biggest city - but an average house in Sydney will cost a buyer no less than $700,000 (£375,000)
6/9 6. (joint) Tokyo
The Japanese capital is notorious for high property prices. A one-bedroom apartment recently went on sale in Tokyo for over £13 million, and even a trip for two to the cinema will cost around £35
7/9 6. (joint) Geneva
With its wealthy occupants earning on average £4,100 a month, it comes as no surprise to see that Geneva is one of the world’s most expensive places to buy an apartment, costing £9,400 per square meter for a city-based apartment
8/9 6. (joint) Caracas
An average earner working in Caracas will earn just over £385 per month on average, but a typical one-bedroom apartment in the Venezuelan capital will cost two-and-half times that at £970 per month
9/9 10. Copenhagen
A two-litre bottle of Coca-Cola in England will set you back £1.50. But in Copenhagen, a £3 charge applies for a single bottle. Anyone for tap water?
“Singapore in general has become a very attractive place to live – it attracts a lot of top talent who have high wages… and it needs to import a lot of its goods to meet that demand,” Mr Rajarethnam said. “People moving here, demand for goods, high wages… that all drives up prices.”
Local residents look at increasing foreign wealth as the main influence on rising costs, although expats too are starting to feel the pinch.
“It is getting prohibitive,” said New Zealander Jo Dix. “As an expat I think we’re lucky – we have higher salaries than locals. If you’re a local person, I don’t know how you afford to live here. In some ways I think Singapore is pricing itself out of the market in terms of liveability.”
Some Singaporeans are concerned that more attention has been paid to attracting wealth than addressing the needs of locals. A report last year by Singapore Management University’s Lien Centre for Social Innovation found median income of employed residents in the bottom 20 per cent fell by eight per cent between 1998 to 2010, while the income of those in the highest-earning fifth jumped by 27 per cent.
“I shudder to think what single-income families or those in blue-collar jobs may be experiencing here,” Ashwin said. “The worst part is that wages don’t seem to be increasing in line with this rise in cost of living.”