Bosnia's old enemies get round table

The London conference on security arrangements for Bosnia for the next two years got under way yesterday, amid news of unrest in Serbia and calls for a reappraisal of the relationship between Nato and Russia

It was the first time that representatives of the three former warring factions in Bosnia - Serbs, Croats and Muslims - had appeared under a common Bosnian banner at an international conference.

The 54-nation meeting, introduced by John Major, was overshadowed by the crisis in Serbia. The British government said events in Belgrade were "very much on our minds".

Details of the new Bosnia Stabilisation Force - SFor - have already been announced, and senior Nato sources focused more on the way Nato might use the conference to strengthen its relations with the Russians, who provide troops for Bosnia. The sources said the arrangements were still under investigation, but that they were moving away from the 16-nation alliance making up its mind and then telling the Russians - a formula known as "Sixteen plus one" - towards giving Russia a full role in proposing and vetoing action.

This formula is known tentatively as "Seventeen". If it is to make any sense, Russia would be able to make proposals and even veto Nato decisions other than those concerned with Chapter Five - the military core of the Nato charter.

This radical proposal flies in the face of Nato insistence that Russia should not veto its decisions, and if implemented would put the security of the entire northern hemisphere in the hands of a joint Nato-Russia forum - effectively duplicating the UN Security Council.

Nato's Secretary-General, Javier Solana, said the new Stabilisation Force for Bosnia would be roughly half the size of the former peace implementation force, I-For. He said: "We are planning for an 18-month mission, to be reviewed at six and 12 months, with a view to progressively reducing the forces presence to a deterrent posture and eventually withdrawal."

Nato's supreme commander, General George Joulwan, said the new operation, to begin on 20 December, would include 31,000 troops from 34 nations. t Athens - A unique collection of 72 poems by Radovan Karadzic, the Bosnian Serb leader indicted for genocide, was unveiled here yesterday, AP reports.

Titled Of Immemorable Years and Other Poems, the book has never been published outside the former Yugoslavia, publishers and authors said. They claimed proceeds would go towards humanitarian aid for Bosnian Serb children. "The poems present a passionate, human Karadzic, not the Nero he is thought to be," said Greek author Christos Halayias.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Ashdown Group: Front-End UI Application Developer

£30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: Front-End UI Application ...

Recruitment Genius: Digital Account Executive

£18000 - £26000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They work with major vehicle ma...

Recruitment Genius: Service Engineers - Doncaster / Hull

£27000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Domestic Service Only Engineers are requ...

Recruitment Genius: Employability / Recruitment Adviser

£23600 - £27500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: The Employability Service withi...

Day In a Page

Where the spooks get their coffee fix: The busiest Starbucks in the US is also the most secretive

The secret CIA Starbucks

The coffee shop is deep inside the agency's forested Virginia compound
Revealed: How the Establishment closed ranks over fallout from Loch Ness Monster 'sighting'

How the Establishment closed ranks over fallout from Nessie 'sighting'

The Natural History Museum's chief scientist was dismissed for declaring he had found the monster
One million Britons using food banks, according to Trussell Trust

One million Britons using food banks

Huge surge in number of families dependent on emergency food aid
Excavation at Italian cafe to fix rising damp unearths 2,500 years of history in 3,000 amazing objects

2,500 years of history in 3,000 amazing objects

Excavation at Italian cafe to fix rising damp unearths trove
The Hubble Space Telescope's amazing journey, 25 years on

The Hubble Space Telescope's amazing journey 25 years on

The space telescope was seen as a costly flop on its first release
Did Conservative peer Lord Ashcroft quit the House of Lords to become a non-dom?

Did Lord Ashcroft quit the House of Lords to become a non-dom?

A document seen by The Independent shows that a week after he resigned from the Lords he sold 350,000 shares in an American company - netting him $11.2m
Apple's ethnic emojis are being used to make racist comments on social media

Ethnic emojis used in racist comments

They were intended to promote harmony, but have achieved the opposite
Sir Kenneth Branagh interview: 'My bones are in the theatre'

Sir Kenneth Branagh: 'My bones are in the theatre'

The actor-turned-director’s new company will stage five plays from October – including works by Shakespeare and John Osborne
The sloth is now the face (and furry body) of three big advertising campaigns

The sloth is the face of three ad campaigns

Priya Elan discovers why slow and sleepy wins the race for brands in need of a new image
How to run a restaurant: As two newbies discovered, there's more to it than good food

How to run a restaurant

As two newbies discovered, there's more to it than good food
Record Store Day: Remembering an era when buying and selling discs were labours of love

Record Store Day: The vinyl countdown

For Lois Pryce, working in a record shop was a dream job - until the bean counters ruined it
Usher, Mary J Blige and Will.i.am to give free concert as part of the Global Poverty Project

Mary J Blige and Will.i.am to give free concert

The concert in Washington is part of the Global Citizen project, which aims to encourage young people to donate to charity
10 best tote bags

Accessorise with a stylish shopper this spring: 10 best tote bags

We find carriers with room for all your essentials (and a bit more)
Paul Scholes column: I hear Manchester City are closing on Pep Guardiola for next summer – but I'd also love to see Jürgen Klopp managing in England

Paul Scholes column

I hear Manchester City are closing on Pep Guardiola for next summer – but I'd also love to see Jürgen Klopp managing in England
Jessica Ennis-Hill: 'I just want to give it my best shot'

Jessica Ennis-Hill: 'I just want to give it my best shot'

The heptathlete has gone from the toast of the nation to being a sleep-deprived mum - but she’s ready to compete again. She just doesn't know how well she'll do...