Buthelezi's future in the balance
Friday 01 April 1994
Chief Buthelezi, KwaZulu's Chief Minister and head of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), called the state of emergency an invasion and repeated his call for postponement of the 26-28 April poll, South Africa's first all-race election. Mr de Klerk and Nelson Mandela, the African National Congress (ANC) leader, said that was out of the question.
The South African Defence Force (SADF), which is expected to begin full-scale deployment today, will relegate the South African police and the KwaZulu 'homeland' police to secondary roles. Mr Mandela said that the SADF would be 'in complete control': it was 'appreciated by almost all the sectors of the people, unlike the police force'.
While Mr de Klerk argued that the measure was not aimed at Chief Buthelezi or the Zulu King, Goodwill Zwelithini, Mr Mandela said it effectively closed down the KwaZulu police force, which is run by Chief Buthelezi, who is also Minister of Police.
But Mr Mandela discounted any notion that Chief Buthelezi would be removed as Chief Minister, saying it would 'serve no purpose to do so'. Both Mr de Klerk and Mr Mandela said they hoped their planned meeting with Chief Buthelezi and King Goodwill would go ahead this week but neither sounded optimistic. Mr Mandela said: 'We remain committed to seeking a dialogue with King Zwelithini. We shall continue bilateral discussions with the IFP.'
Both Mr de Klerk and Mr Mandela agreed tighter security alone could not solve the problem. 'You cannot run a country solely by force,' Mr Mandela said. He demanded, however, that KwaZulu policemen involved in hit-squads be disarmed and that IFP paramilitary training camps be closed.
Mr de Klerk said: 'This is not aimed at the KwaZulu government. It is not aimed at the Chief Minister, it is not aimed to have any effect on the position of the King.'
The central government would move against KwaZulu authorities only if it discovered maladministration or 'if that government does not co- operate in making free and fair elections possible'.
The ANC had been pressing Mr de Klerk to impose an emergency since 18 March, when King Goodwill declared his intention to proclaim a sovereign Zulu kingdom and backed Chief Buthelezi's poll boycott. Last month clashes between Inkatha and the ANC claimed at least 266 lives.
Since the last state of emergency was lifted in Natal in October 1990, an estimated 15,000 people have died in violence. Mr de Klerk and Mr Mandela defended reimposition as the only way to save lives.
The South African Human Rights Commission suggested, however, that the clampdown had tainted the election. 'While we are in full agreement that strong measures are called for . . . to safeguard the integrity of the elections, nevertheless we believe that there are several steps available . . . without entering the arena of a state of emergency.'
Leading article, page 15
- 1 Nokia no more: Microsoft drops once-ubiquitous mobile name – in favour of its Lumia brand
- 2 Renee Zellweger on plastic surgery reports: 'I'm living a fulfilling life and I'm thrilled that perhaps it shows'
- 3 Banksy not arrested: Internet duped by fake report claiming artist's identity revealed
- 4 Australian café owner sparks debate after saying 'No' to having unruly children on premises
- 5 Couple die within 28 hours of each other after being married for 73 years
Ottawa shooting: Canadian soldier dies after being shot at National War Memorial – with one gunman killed inside parliament
Renee Zellweger on plastic surgery reports: 'I'm living a fulfilling life and I'm thrilled that perhaps it shows'
Isis releases first video showing the stoning of woman accused of committing adultery as her father shouts 'don't call me Dad'
Banksy not arrested: Internet duped by fake report claiming artist's identity revealed
Diwali 2014: What is the festival of lights and how is it celebrated around the world?
Cameron is warned 'no possibility' of UK reducing immigration and that bid to bring in quota on migrant workers would be illegal
Of course, teenage girls need role models – but not like beauty vlogger Zoella
Residents should throw a street party and mix with immigrant neighbours, councils told
Support for EU membership 'at highest level since 1991' with most Brits wanting to stay 'in'
Russell Brand threatened with arrest after filming outside Fox News headquarters
London bus driver 'kicks gay couple off for kissing'
£120 - £125 per day: Randstad Education Luton: The Job:TEACHERS REQUIREDWe are...
£100 - £120 per day: Randstad Education Hull: Randstad Education are currently...
£60 - £70 per day: Randstad Education Leeds: Special Needs Teaching Assistant ...
Negotiable: Randstad Education Hull: Randstad Education is urgently recruiting...