China quadruples defence budget
Wednesday 11 October 1995
The Chinese do not report their defence spending to the United Nations in the standardised format. The United States Defense Secretary, William Perry, asked Peking last year to "improve the transparency of their military accounting". The IISS estimated Chinese military spending in 1994 was $28bn (pounds 17.5bn) - four times the official figure.
Calculating the defence spending of Communist reg-imes has always been difficult. This year's issue of the IISS's The Military Balance features detailed analyses of that of Russia and China. The latter is complicated by the fact that the People's Liberation Army not only manages armed forces of 4 million, making exact accounting impossible, but also has 25,000 industrial enterprises, distinct from the defence industries, with a civilian workforce of up to 3.5 million.
Since 1979 China has shifted from the doctrine of "People's war" - a guerrilla war on Chinese territory - to "local war" - a major regional conflict. Although the IISS considers this remote, China has formed rapid reaction forces and given top priority to modernising its equipment.
life + styleClarissa Baldwin is the brains behind the slogan 'A Dog is for Life not just for Christmas'
Autumn Statement 2013: Work until you’re 70 - George Osborne accused of ‘living in fantasy land’ over pension reforms
Is this the scariest advert ever? Japanese tyre commercial comes with its own disclaimer and health warning
Paul Walker autopsy: Results reveal Fast and Furious star's cause of death
Scientists sequence oldest human DNA from fossilised leg bone found in Spain
UK weather: One dead and 100,000 homes without power as 100mph storm batters Scotland – now biggest tidal surge in 60 years threatens east coast
- 1 Is this the scariest advert ever? Japanese tyre commercial comes with its own disclaimer and health warning
- 2 How black gold was hijacked: North sea oil and the betrayal of Scotland
- 3 A forgotten episode in Russian history leaves links with the Philippines
- 4 Scientists sequence oldest human DNA from fossilised leg bone found in Spain
- 5 ‘Put it in my mouth’: Viewers outraged by apparent reference to oral sex in VIP e-cig advert
£65000 - £82000 per annum: Pro-Recruitment Group: My client is seeking an expe...
£30000 - £42000 per annum: Pro-Recruitment Group: Working in conjunction with ...
Unpaid: Kaya Responsible Travel: Schools in developing countries struggle with...
Unpaid: Kaya Responsible Travel: Kaya Responsible Travel offer a variety of sp...