After 10,000 violent attacks in 40 years, the National Liberation Front of Corsica, the Mediterranean island’s largest armed group fighting for independence from France, has declared a permanent and unconditional ceasefire, citing progress made in Northern Ireland and the Basque region of Spain.
The terrorist group said in its 14-page declaration that it had decided “without further notice or conditions” to “unilaterally begin a demilitarisation process and a gradual exit from clandestine activities”.
FLNC’s apparent decision to renounce violence appears to have been prompted by the recent decision by the island’s regional assembly to give Corsican-born people priority in buying property on the island. Greater foreign ownership of property had proved a source of contention for decades. Many attacks by the organisation, formed in 1975, were targeted at the homes and businesses of foreigners.
In its statement the FLNC cited “these debates on topics forbidden for many years to suggest the outline of a political solution”. The group said that there would be no preconditions regarding the release of “political prisoners”.
But law enforcement officials say the group has been seriously weakened by internal blood-letting and the increasingly strong evidence of its links to organised crime.
In its first paramilitary operation, the FLNC killed two policemen. Since then, there have been over 10,000 attacks in Corsica. Some 40 murders have been linked to the group, whether attacks on police or politicians, or internal feuds. Separatists were also behind the assassination of Claude Érignac, the island’s top official, in 1998.
French authorities have issued a cautious welcome to the news. “We’ve taken note of the message, but we need time to check the contents,” said Bernard Cazeneuve, the Interior Minister.
The FLNC has broken truces in the past. Last month during a visit by Mr Cazeneuve to Corsica, a police station came under gunfire – highlighting the island’s reputation for lawlessness from criminal gangs.
Gilbert Thiel, a prosecutor who has conducted trials against FLNC members, told Agence France-Presse: “If the FLNC has really abandoned its armed struggle, then this is really the end of terrorism in Corsica.” But he added that a debate between hardliners and moderates was “still raging”.
“We have to hope that this announcement doesn’t cause a more radical wing to emerge, as happened during the peace process in Northern Ireland,” he said.