Greece's radical new leader Alexis Tsipras plots course to tear up bailout deal

Tsipras pins his hopes on new elections as coalition bid fails

Athens

Radical left leader Alexis Tsipras failed last night in his effort to form an anti-bailout coalition in Greece, as European leaders debated withholding loan payments in response to political posturing in Athens. A final effort to agree a unity government from pro-European parties gets underway today with little likelihood of success, an outcome that would send Greeks back to the polls.

Click HERE to view graphic

After discussions about postponing the latest tranche of aid to Athens from the European Financial Stability Fund, eurozone finance ministers approved the release of €4.2bn last night. But as concerns mounted over Greek leftists' statements that the country should renege on its debts, they said the final €1bn of the payment would be held back, as it was "not needed before June and will be disbursed depending on the financing needs of Greece".

The German Foreign Minister, Guido Westerwelle, had earlier insisted Greece would receive no more aid unless it continued to enact the agreed economic reforms and acknowledged that it could end up leaving the eurozone if it failed to comply. "Germany would like to keep Greece in the eurozone, but whether Greece remains in the eurozone or not lies in its own hands," he said.

However, some officials close to the discussions said talk of holding the money back was being used to pressurise the Greeks to back the bailout, rather than being treated as a serious option.

Evangleos Venizelos, leader of the tainted socialist party, Pasok, will now lead a last-ditch effort to form a parliamentary majority out of Greece's fragmented election result. Mr Venizelos, finance minister in the previous coalition, knows better than most how likely Athens is to wring concessions from its lenders and has appealed for Greece to honour the commitments it made in return for two multibillion euro bailouts.

The more likely outcome is that Greece's fractured right-wing will try to unite against Mr Tsipras and his Radical Left Coalition (Syriza) ahead of fresh elections expected on 17 June. Conservative leader Antonis Samaras, whose New Democracy party led Sunday's poll by a narrow margin from Syriza, has already failed to find coalition partners.

Mr Samaras warned yesterday that the Syriza leader's stance would "lead to immediate internal collapse and international bankruptcy, with the inevitable exit from Europe". Mr Samaras has been punished for criticising the bailout while in opposition before signing up to it after joining the unity government. During the election campaign he attempted to please both sides by promising to amend Greece's deal with creditors.

Mr Tsipras has appealed to Greeks by denouncing the bailout terms as tantamount to "occupation" and promising to tear them up while keeping the country in the euro as leader of a European anti-austerity movement.

Mr Samaras hit out at attempts to build a broad "anti-European" front by his opponents. "The Greek people have not given a mandate to destroy the country, nor to leave the euro," he said.

Earlier in the day, the leader of the right-wing splinter group, Independent Greeks, sounded the death knell for efforts to agree a coalition based on opposition to the "memorandum" – the package of reforms agreed in return for international loans. "There is not a sufficient majority to form an anti-memorandum front," said Panos Kammenos, whose party came fourth in Sunday's elections.

Greece's electoral system awards a 50-seat bonus to the leading party, which means no coalition is possible without Mr Samaras' conservatives, but anti-bailout parties may calculate that the rancorous mood in Greece will see them make further gains in a fresh vote. The Syriza leader's rhetoric about "another Europe" has been received well in a country where unemployment has risen by one million since the previous election, and salaries have been slashed.

Mr Tsipras has used his time in the spotlight to position his party as the home of Greece's disaffected voters. As well as meetings with political heavyweights, he also reached out to an environmental party which failed to make it into parliament. Calls from economists at Syriza to nationalise banks, audit Greece's international debt and place a moratorium on debt repayments have riled international markets. On social media sites, Greeks have begun to set up groups to discuss preparatory measures for an abrupt exit from the euro.

Mr Tsipras, 38, a vocal critic of police brutality, has been criticised for giving moral support to the anarchists, who are blamed for violent confrontations with authorities. Off-camera he speaks of himself as the new Andreas Papandreou, the socialist leader whose expansion of the state is blamed by many for its eventual bankruptcy. He is now seeking to position Syriza as the new home for Greece's public-sector workers, who feel betrayed by Pasok, and believes that a new election would establish his party as the main voice of the country's left.

European round-up...

Portugal: Four bank holidays axed

The government and Catholic Church have agreed to suspend four of Portugal's 14 public holidays for five years to try to get the country working. Portugal, which needed €78bn from the EU, ECB and IMF last year, has cut two religious holidays and two secular days.

Economists say holidays lead to loss of economic activity, but with unemployment at 15 per cent, the gains may be small.

Germany: Markets' cheer may not last

Germany, as ever, continues to buck the eurozone trend, with its stock market edging up by nearly half a percentage point as others across the zone continued to fall. But any cheer in Berlin will be short-lived given the seismic shocks elsewhere.

Guido Westerwelle, the Foreign Minister, yesterday became the first German cabinet minister to openly question Greece's future in the single currency.

Spain: Bond auction fuels fears

Another bond auction yesterday and another expensive day for Madrid. Yields on 10-year debt soared above the psychologically damaging six per cent level, which analysts consider unsustainable.

And the attention is unlikely to shift away. Tomorrow, the new centre-right administration is expected to unveil its plan to protect banks that lent too much to the moribund property and construction sectors.

Ireland: Sinn Fein is anti-austerity

It is not only Greece that has a movement against austerity. On 31 May, Ireland will vote on whether to accept the terms of Europe's fiscal pact and familiar names are jumping on the anti-austerity bandwagon. "The elections in France, Greece, Italy, Britain and Germany saw the electorate reject austerity," Gerry Adams, Sinn Fein president, said this week, as part of the campaign to reject the pact.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
ebooks
ebooksAn introduction to the ground rules of British democracy
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
SPONSORED FEATURES
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Sales Executive or Senior Sales Executive - B2B Exhibitions

£18000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Sales Executive or Senior Sal...

Recruitment Genius: Head of Support Services

£40000 - £55000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is an exciting opportunity...

Recruitment Genius: Warehouse Team Leader

£22000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This industry leading company produces h...

Recruitment Genius: Business Development Manager / Sales - OTE £40,000

£20000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This IT provider for the educat...

Day In a Page

The Silk Roads that trace civilisation: Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places

The Silk Roads that trace civilisation

Long before the West rose to power, Asian pathways were connecting peoples and places
House of Lords: Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled

The honours that shame Britain

Outcry as donors, fixers and MPs caught up in expenses scandal are ennobled
When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race

'When it comes to street harassment, we need to talk about race'

Why are black men living the stereotypes and why are we letting them get away with it?
International Tap Festival: Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic

International Tap Festival comes to the UK

Forget Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - this dancing is improvised, spontaneous and rhythmic
War with Isis: Is Turkey's buffer zone in Syria a matter of self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

Turkey's buffer zone in Syria: self-defence – or just anti-Kurd?

Ankara accused of exacerbating racial division by allowing Turkmen minority to cross the border
Doris Lessing: Acclaimed novelist was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show

'A subversive brothel keeper and Communist'

Acclaimed novelist Doris Lessing was kept under MI5 observation for 18 years, newly released papers show
Big Blue Live: BBC's Springwatch offshoot swaps back gardens for California's Monterey Bay

BBC heads to the Californian coast

The Big Blue Live crew is preparing for the first of three episodes on Sunday night, filming from boats, planes and an aquarium studio
Austin Bidwell: The Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England with the most daring forgery the world had known

Victorian fraudster who shook the Bank of England

Conman Austin Bidwell. was a heartless cad who carried out the most daring forgery the world had known
Car hacking scandal: Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked

Car hacking scandal

Security designed to stop thieves hot-wiring almost every modern motor has been cracked
10 best placemats

Take your seat: 10 best placemats

Protect your table and dine in style with a bold new accessory
Ashes 2015: Alastair Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

Cook not the only one to be caught in The Oval mindwarp

Aussie skipper Michael Clarke was lured into believing that what we witnessed at Edgbaston and Trent Bridge would continue in London, says Kevin Garside
Can Rafael Benitez get the best out of Gareth Bale at Real Madrid?

Can Benitez get the best out of Bale?

Back at the club he watched as a boy, the pressure is on Benitez to find a winning blend from Real's multiple talents. As La Liga begins, Pete Jenson asks if it will be enough to stop Barcelona
Athletics World Championships 2015: Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jessica Ennis-Hill and Katarina Johnson-Thompson heptathlon rivalry

Beijing witnesses new stage in the Jess and Kat rivalry

The last time the two British heptathletes competed, Ennis-Hill was on the way to Olympic gold and Johnson-Thompson was just a promising teenager. But a lot has happened in the following three years
Jeremy Corbyn: Joining a shrewd operator desperate for power as he visits the North East

Jeremy Corbyn interview: A shrewd operator desperate for power

His radical anti-austerity agenda has caught the imagination of the left and politically disaffected and set a staid Labour leadership election alight
Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief: Defender of ancient city's past was killed for protecting its future

Isis executes Palmyra antiquities chief

Robert Fisk on the defender of the ancient city's past who was killed for protecting its future