Russia is expected to pass laws next week which will impose harsh regulations on all foreign-funded non- governmental organisations involved in political activity.
The move by the ruling United Russia party has been decried by pro-democracy groups as a bid to silence opponents of President Vladimir Putin who was re-elected in May. Grigory Melkonyants, deputy director of Golos, a group that compiled evidence of thousands of electoral violations in Russia's elections, says authorities would have "a hundred different ways to render us ineffective".
The pro-democracy group depends on grants from European nations and the United States.
Golos would have to declare itself a "foreign agent" – a term still synonymous with espionage for Russians who lived through the Cold War.