Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has faced a major set-back in his plan to give himself more powers. His AKP party lost its majority in parliament after a surge in support for the Kurdish leftist HDP.
The AKP is still the biggest party in Turkey and most likely to form the next governing, barring further elections and another major upset. But this could be the beginning of the end for Mr Erdoğan’s ambitions of further power and a Turkish presidential republic centred around him.
In recent years Mr Erdoğan has developed a reputation abroad for having an autocratic style of government. Examples often cited include:
Built a £400m palace for himself with taxpayers’ funds
Ak Saray or ‘the white palace’ is the new resident of the Turkish president, build with taxpayers’ funds. Bigger than the White House or Buckingham Palace, it occupies more than 1.6 million square feet of land and cost almost £400 million.
Vowed to “eradicate” Twitter and blocked the whole website in TurkeyAmid protests in 2014 Mr Erdoğan said he would “eradicate” Twitter, adding “I don’t care what the international community says.” The website was then blocked.
He said he was “increasingly against the internet”
The president chose a press freedom conference to announced that he was “increasingly against the Internet every day”. At a Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and the International Press Institute (IPI) meeting last year Mr Erdoğan said the internet could be used to recruit terrorists.
Gassed environmentalist protesters demonstrating against the redevelopment of Gezi park
Authorities were widely criticised for their harsh response to an environmental protest to save Istanbul’s Gezi park. Protests were gassed and 11 people were believed to have died as a result of the clashes.
Arrested critical journalists and other opponents in an authoritarian crackdown
Late last year leading figures in the country’s Gülenist opposition movement were rounded up and arrested. Those detained included journalists, television producers, and police officials.
…and then claimed Turkey has the freest press and media in the world
Despite all this Erdoğan still maintains that “nowhere in the world is the press freer than it is in Turkey”. Reporters Without Borders disagrees. The organisation told the Independent at the time: "Turkey ranked 154 out of 180 in our 2014 Press Freedom Index. Its once vibrant and diverse media environment is narrowing by the day.”
Recep Tayyip Erdogan's craziest quotes
Recep Tayyip Erdogan's craziest quotes
1/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Just a week before he was elected President, he called Erdogan Amberin Zaman, the Turkey correspondent for 'The Economist', a "shameless militant woman disguised under the name of a journalist" after she had asked an opposition leader whether "Muslim society is able to question" the authorities. "Know your place," Erdoğan said. "They gave you a pen and you are writing a column in a newspaper. "And then they invite you to a TV channel owned by Doğan media group and you insult at a society of 99 per cent Muslims," he said he said according to Today's Zaman newspaper.
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2/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Turkish people are pictured chanting slogans during an anti-government protest on Taksim square in Istanbul, on 29 June, 2013. The protests were sparked by brutal police action against a local conservation battle to save Istanbul's Gezi Park, and soon turned into nationwide demonstrations against the government. Amid the protests - the worst in Turkey for years - Erdogan accused demonstrators of being "arm-in-arm with terrorism," according to Reuters. "This is a protest organized by extremist elements. We will not give away anything to those who live arm-in-arm with terrorism," he said.
GURCAN OZTURK/AFP/Getty Images
3/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
During last year’s protests, activists used social media to organise and disseminate information. Several dozen tweeters were arrested following the protests, according to local media reports. Erdogan responded by calling the technology a "menace". "There is now a menace which is called Twitter," Erdogan said. "The best examples of lies can be found there. To me, social media is the worst menace to society," BBC New reported.
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4/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Not helping to allay accusations of authoritarianism, after Turkish police detained 49 people, including well-known business people and those close to the ruling party, Erdeogan ominously told reporter that Turkey "is not a banana republic" that can be affected by unnamed "operations", according to Today's Zaman newspaper. “People who are backed by the media and certain funders cannot change this country," he said. "People backed by certain dark gangs both inside and outside Turkey cannot mess with the country's path. They cannot change conditions in Turkey. Turkey is not a country that anyone can launch an operation into. The [Turkish] nation will not allow that. The [ruling Justice and Development Party] AK Party, which is governing this nation, will not allow this." "Those people, if they are confident, they should run in the elections and deal with the nation. We will not permit those people to have the reckoning they want outside the polls. Turkey is not a banana republic.”
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5/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Friends and relatives of the miners who died in an explosion at the Soma mine are pictured praying following the burial in Soma cemetery of the last body to be recovered from the mine in May 2014. At the time, the then-Prime Minister badly misjudged the Soma mining disaster, in which 301 workers died. He told the relatives of dead and dying miners that "these types of incidents are ordinary things", following allegations that the government had ignored safety concerns about the privately owned mine, the Guardian reported. In his defence, Erdogan recounted in a separate speech a list of mining disasters which occurred abroad, including a British disaster in 1862, and one in America "which has every kind of technology".
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6/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Palestinians pictured attending Friday noon prayers in a destroyed mosque that was hit by Israeli strikes, in Gaza City. As Prime Minister, Erdogan has condemned Israel, accusing it of deliberately killing Palestinian mothers and warned that the it would "drown in the blood it sheds." Speaking to thousands of supporters during a rally in Istanbul ahead of the 10 August election, Reuters reported him as saying: "Just like Hitler, who sought to establish a race free of all faults, Israel is chasing after the same target." "They kill women so that they will not give birth to Palestinians; they kill babies so that they won't grow up; they kill men so they can't defend their country ... They will drown in the blood they shed," he said.
7/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
Amid the worst protests in Turkey for years which had spread across dozens of cities last June, Erdogan accused demonstrators of being "arm-in-arm with terrorism," according to Reuters. A demonstration to halt construction in a park in an Istanbul square grew into mass protests against a heavy-handed police crackdown and what opponents called Erdogan's authoritarian policies. "This is a protest organized by extremist elements," Erdogan said before departing on a trip to North Africa. "We will not give away anything to those who live arm-in-arm with terrorism," he said.
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8/8 The Turkish President's craziest quotes
In March 2014, Erdogan accused a 15-year-old boy who died from injuries sustained in last year's anti-government protests of being linked to terrorism. Berkin Elvan, who became a symbol of anti-government protests, had gone to pick up bread when he was hit with a teargas canister - sending him into a nine-month coma before he passed away, BBC News reported. Following his death, riot police used water cannon, tear gas and rubber pellets to disperse tens of thousands of protesters who took to the streets of Turkey's largest cities chanting “Everywhere is Berkin, everywhere is resistance.” In a speech broadcast on state TV, Erdogan said of Berkin: "This kid with steel marbles in his pockets, with a slingshot in his hand, his face covered with a scarf, who had been taken up into terror organisations, was unfortunately subjected to pepper gas. “How could the police determine how old that person was who had a scarf on his face and was hurling steel marbles with a slingshot in his hand?”
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