Forces agree on how to make peace

FULLY integrated international military forces working to a common doctrine and who have trained together, are needed to overcome a desperate shortage of troops for peace-keeping and humanitarian operations worldwide, a 'workshop' comprising representatives from 32 countries heard yesterday.

The command and control arrangements for the United Nations operation in Bosnia are a 'shambles' which would earn no marks at all in any staff college examination, the workshop was told. Operations in Somalia, former Yugoslavia and Rwanda are taking place in extremely hostile conditions and more tasks of this type are likely.

The International Workshop on Co-operation in Peace-keeping immediately began discussing - in English, French, German and Russian - details of joint training and communications at the British army's new think-tank at Upavon, Wiltshire. Lieutenant-General Sir Peter Duffell, Britain's Director-General of Doctrine and Training, said it was a 'very remarkable and historic gathering. We need to see we're moving closer to achieve a common doctrinal approach for multi-national peace-keeping operations.'

No less than 32 sovereign states from Nato, the former Warsaw Pact and the Commonwealth of Independent States immediately set to work. Officers from Austria and Azerbaijan, Belgium and Belarus discussed details of practical co-operation, in particular command and control, standard operating procedures, Rules of Engagement, training and language.

The regional organisations - Nato, the Western European Union, the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, and the CIS had separate representatives. The UN has 70,000 troops on peace-support operations, and further tasks, including one under the CSCE umbrella in Transcaucasia, are on the cards, the workshop heard. More would be needed, but it would no longer be possible to rely on a small number of nations to provide them. Sixty-six states are already providing peace-keeping troops, of which 24 are providing contingents of 1,000 or more.

Co-operation between Nato and its former enemies began under the umbrella of the North Atlantic Co-operation Council. But doctrine, training, common procedures and communications are being worked out under the Partnership for Peace initiative.

The workshop is close to achieving a common set of definitions. There has been much confusion between 'peace-keeping' and 'peace enforcement', which, the workshop agreed, were utterly different things. Peace- keeping required a clear political objective, an existing peace process, the will of the international community to provide the necessary resources and the parties to the conflict had to accept that there was a peace to keep, while peace-keepers had to remain totally impartial.

It was completely different from peace enforcement against a belligerent who did not consent to a peace process. That might require overwhelming military force to end a conflict quickly - in short, waging war. Peace enforcement was not the business of troops in UN colours.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksNow available in paperback
Arts and Entertainment
Johnny Depp no longer cares if people criticise his movie flops
films
Arts and Entertainment
All in a day's work: the players in the forthcoming 'Posh People: Inside Tatler'
TVGrace Dent thinks we should learn to 'hug a Hooray Henry', because poshness is an accident of birth
Arts and Entertainment
Wolf (Nathan McMullen), Ian (Dan Starky), The Doctor (Peter Capaldi), Clara (Jenna Coleman), Santa Claus (Nick Frost) in the Doctor Who Christmas Special (BBC/Photographer: David Venni)
art

Presents unwrapped, turkey gobbled... it's time to relax

Arts and Entertainment
Convicted art fraudster John Myatt
art

News
The two-year-old said she cut off her fringe because it was getting in her eyes
news
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Opilio Recruitment: UX & Design Specialist

£40k - 45k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: A fantastic opportunity ...

Opilio Recruitment: Publishing Application Support Analyst

£30k - 35k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: We’re currently re...

Opilio Recruitment: Digital Marketing Manager

£35k - 45k per year + benefits: Opilio Recruitment: A fantastic opportunity ...

Opilio Recruitment: Sales Manager

£60k - 80k per year + Benefits: Opilio Recruitment: A fantastic opportunity ...

Day In a Page

Homeless Veterans Christmas Appeal: ‘We give them hope. They come to us when no one else can help’

Christmas Appeal

Meet the charity giving homeless veterans hope – and who they turn to when no one else can help
Should doctors and patients learn to plan humane, happier endings rather than trying to prolong life?

Is it always right to try to prolong life?

Most of us would prefer to die in our own beds, with our families beside us. But, as a GP, Margaret McCartney sees too many end their days in a medicalised battle
Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night - is that what it takes for women to get to the top?

What does it take for women to get to the top?

Thomas Cook's outgoing boss Harriet Green got by on four hours sleep a night and told women they had to do more if they wanted to get on
Christmas jumper craze: Inside the UK factory behind this year's multicultural must-have

Knitting pretty: British Christmas Jumpers

Simmy Richman visits Jack Masters, the company behind this year's multicultural must-have
French chefs have launched a campaign to end violence in kitchens - should British restaurants follow suit?

French chefs campaign against bullying

A group of top chefs signed a manifesto against violence in kitchens following the sacking of a chef at a Paris restaurant for scalding his kitchen assistant with a white-hot spoon
Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour War and Peace on New Year's Day as Controller warns of cuts

Just what you need on a New Year hangover...

Radio 4 to broadcast 10-hour adaptation of War and Peace on first day of 2015
Cuba set to stage its first US musical in 50 years

Cuba to stage first US musical in 50 years

Claire Allfree finds out if the new production of Rent will hit the right note in Havana
Christmas 2014: 10 best educational toys

Learn and play: 10 best educational toys

Of course you want them to have fun, but even better if they can learn at the same time
Paul Scholes column: I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season

Paul Scholes column

I like Brendan Rodgers as a manager but Liverpool seem to be going backwards not forwards this season
Lewis Moody column: Stuart Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

Lewis Moody: Lancaster has made all the right calls – now England must deliver

So what must the red-rose do differently? They have to take the points on offer 
Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

Cameron, Miliband and Clegg join forces for Homeless Veterans campaign

It's in all our interests to look after servicemen and women who fall on hard times, say party leaders
Millionaire Sol Campbell wades into wealthy backlash against Labour's mansion tax

Sol Campbell cries foul at Labour's mansion tax

The former England defender joins Myleene Klass, Griff Rhys Jones and Melvyn Bragg in criticising proposals
Nicolas Sarkozy returns: The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?

Sarkozy returns

The ex-President is preparing to fight for the leadership of France's main opposition party – but will he win big enough?
Is the criticism of Ed Miliband a coded form of anti-Semitism?

Is the criticism of Miliband anti-Semitic?

Attacks on the Labour leader have coalesced around a sense that he is different, weird, a man apart. But is the criticism more sinister?
Ouija boards are the must-have gift this Christmas, fuelled by a schlock horror film

Ouija boards are the must-have festive gift

Simon Usborne explores the appeal - and mysteries - of a century-old parlour game