Jews' ally cleared

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The Independent Online
St Gallen (Reuter) - A Swiss court held a quick retrial yesterday of a police chief convicted of fraud in 1940 when he helped Jews fleeing Nazi persecution. The court will give its verdict on Thursday.

Jews rescued by Paul Grueninger, who died a broken man in 1972 aged 80, expressed confidence that his sentence for falsifying entry documents would be cancelled and that he would be fully rehabilitated.

In 1938 Grueninger was police chief in the St Gallen canton, which shares a border with Austria, when Switzerland closed its frontiers to Jews fleeing Nazi persecution. He falsified entry documents to mislead authorities into thinking the families had entered Switzerland before the border closure. He saved up to 3,000 people.