Iraq crisis: New Prime Minister named, but Nouri al-Maliki refuses to stand down without a fight

Possibility of civil conflict within Baghdad looms as Maliki deploys elite forces and his supporters take to the streets

Iraq’s new President appointed Haider al-Abadi as the Prime Minister today, damaging the hopes of Nouri al Maliki of serving a third term in the position and raising the possibility of civil conflict in Baghdad, even as militants threaten the capital.

Mr Maliki is reluctant to give up his ambition despite military defeat and the Shia coalition turning against him.

“I think Maliki is finished politically, but he still has military units and officials who are loyal to him personally,” said an Iraqi commentator. He cautioned that Mr Maliki should not be written off too soon. The inability of Iraq to find a new leader in the two months since Isis, which styles itself Islamic State, captured Mosul has prevented an effective response to its victories. The US has congratulated the new Prime Minister.

In brief remarks delivered from his holiday residence in Martha's Vineyard, President Barack Obama said he and Vice President Joe Biden had spoken with Mr al-Ibadi.

In a television address President Fouad Massoum gave Haider al-Abadi, a moderate Shia politician and former finance minister, 30 days to form a new government. Mr Abadi pledged to “protect the Iraqi people”, but it is a measure of the divisions within the Shia bloc, which has ruled Iraq since 2005, that supporters of Mr Abadi expressed fears for his safety. Earlier Mr Maliki had deployed elite military units in the capital while hundreds of his supporters took to the streets shouting “we are with you al-Maliki”.

Widely blamed for provoking a Sunni uprising led by Isis and for presiding over a chronically corrupt and authoritarian government, Mr Maliki may genuinely believe he can remain as Iraqi leader. Alternatively, his refusal to leave office may be motivated by a determination to exact the highest possible price for his departure, including immunity from corruption charges and a large security detail to guarantee his personal security.

Video: Former PM al Maliki has been accused of creating divisions

Mr Maliki still retains popular support among Iraq’s Shia majority because he has presented himself as the victim of a Sunni counter-revolution and a Kurdish stab in the back. His critics hold that he created a sectarian state that persecuted the country’s six million Sunni and provoked them into a rebellion led by Isis.

Mr Maliki’s bloc won the most parliamentary seats in the 30 April elections and the Prime Minister sees himself as rightfully keeping the post. In a speech, Mr Maliki said he was filing a suit against the President for neglecting to name him prime minister by Sunday’s deadline and all but demanded he be re-nominated.

Critics say Mr Maliki contributed to the crisis by monopolising power and pursuing a Shia agenda that alienated the country’s Sunni six-million strong Sunni. His rejection of the nomination of Mr Abadi as the new Prime Minister is based on a technicality whereby the largest party, Mr Maliki’s State of Law, has the right to form a new government rather than the Shia coalition, the National Alliance, which has turned against him. Mohammed al-Ogeili, a politician from Mr Maliki’s list, rejected the nomination of Mr Abadi, saying that this move “runs against the constitution”.

Western allies of Iraq have been demanding the departure of Mr Maliki and the creation of a more inclusive government. But it is by no means certain that a more conciliatory government will be able to cut a deal with the Sunni community who have seized power in their own provinces. Sunni politicians in Baghdad who are bidding for jobs no longer dare return to their own cities which are ruled by Isis. Isis has never expressed interest in negotiations with the Iraqi or any other government and is pledged to extend its caliphate across the world. Its forces continue to advance near Baghdad taking the town of Jalawla in Diyala province where they have been fighting for weeks with Kurdish Pesh merga troops.

The military crisis in Iraq following the capture of Mosul on 10 June has been matched by a less well publicised political crisis in Baghdad. Mr Maliki had done well in the April election by presenting himself as the Shia leader best able to defeat a Sunni counter-revolution. He was likely to be chosen as prime minister for a third term until his 350,000 strong army disintegrated in the face of an offensive led by some 6,000 Isis fighters. Even so he refused to step down or admit responsibility for failure.

Mr Maliki’s State of Law party has now split, effectively ensuring that he cannot remain Prime Minister unless he uses military special forces loyal to him. Reidar Visser, a Norwegian expert on Iraqi politics, wrote in a blog yesterday that pressure had been building within the State of Law for Mr Maliki to go: “Finally today, factions led by Haider al-Abadi of the Daawa and Hussain al-Shahristani, the current deputy PM, broke with Maliki to nominate Abadi for PM. Early reports suggests 38 Daawa MPs and 12 members of the Shahristani bloc abandoned Mr Maliki, leaving him with the backing of only around 45 members of the original 95-member State of Law bloc.” Mr Maliki’s attempts to block MrAbadi by legal means are likely to fail.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
ebooksNow available in paperback
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Bookkeeper / Office Co-ordinator

£9 per hour: Recruitment Genius: This role is based within a small family run ...

Recruitment Genius: Designer - Print & Digital

£28000 - £32000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This Design and marketing agenc...

Recruitment Genius: Quantity Surveyor

£46000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This property investment firm are lookin...

Recruitment Genius: Telesales / Telemarketing Executive - OTE £30k / £35k plus

£18000 - £35000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company specialises provid...

Day In a Page

The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

The difference between America and Israel? There isn’t one

Netanyahu knows he can get away with anything in America, says Robert Fisk
Families clubbing together to build their own affordable accommodation

Do It Yourself approach to securing a new house

Community land trusts marking a new trend for taking the initiative away from developers
Head of WWF UK: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

David Nussbaum: We didn’t send Cameron to the Arctic to see green ideas freeze

The head of WWF UK remains sanguine despite the Government’s failure to live up to its pledges on the environment
Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Author Kazuo Ishiguro on being inspired by shoot-outs and samurai

Set in a mythologised 5th-century Britain, ‘The Buried Giant’ is a strange beast
With money, corruption and drugs, this monk fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’

Money, corruption and drugs

The monk who fears Buddhism in Thailand is a ‘poisoned fruit’
America's first slavery museum established at Django Unchained plantation - 150 years after slavery outlawed

150 years after it was outlawed...

... America's first slavery museum is established in Louisiana
Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

Kelly Clarkson: How I snubbed Simon Cowell and become a Grammy-winning superstar

The first 'American Idol' winner on how she manages to remain her own woman – Jane Austen fascination and all
Tony Oursler on exploring our uneasy relationship with technology with his new show

You won't believe your eyes

Tony Oursler's new show explores our uneasy relationship with technology. He's one of a growing number of artists with that preoccupation
Ian Herbert: Peter Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

Moores must go. He should never have been brought back to fail again

The England coach leaves players to find solutions - which makes you wonder where he adds value, says Ian Herbert
War with Isis: Fears that the looming battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

The battle for Mosul will unleash 'a million refugees'

Aid agencies prepare for vast exodus following planned Iraqi offensive against the Isis-held city, reports Patrick Cockburn
Yvette Cooper: We can't lose the election. There's too much on the line

Yvette Cooper: We can't lose the election. There's too much on the line

The shadow Home Secretary on fighting radical Islam, protecting children, and why anyone in Labour who's thinking beyond May must 'sort themselves out'
A bad week for the Greens: Leader Natalie Bennett's 'car crash' radio interview is followed by Brighton council's failure to set a budget due to infighting

It's not easy being Green

After a bad week in which its leader had a public meltdown and its only city council couldn't agree on a budget vote, what next for the alternative party? It's over to Caroline Lucas to find out
Gorillas nearly missed: BBC producers didn't want to broadcast Sir David Attenborough's famed Rwandan encounter

Gorillas nearly missed

BBC producers didn't want to broadcast Sir David Attenborough's famed Rwandan encounter
Downton Abbey effect sees impoverished Italian nobles inspired to open their doors to paying guests for up to €650 a night

The Downton Abbey effect

Impoverished Italian nobles are opening their doors to paying guests, inspired by the TV drama
China's wild panda numbers have increased by 17% since 2003, new census reveals

China's wild panda numbers on the up

New census reveals 17% since 2003