New Orleans vote swayed by leaflet fiasco: Patrick Cockburn on an alleged votes scam that shocked a crime-hardened city - World - News - The Independent

New Orleans vote swayed by leaflet fiasco: Patrick Cockburn on an alleged votes scam that shocked a crime-hardened city

IT IS NOT easy to shock the electorate of New Orleans, probably the most corrupt city in America, but dirty tricks used in the mayoral election just passed came close. Even the most cynical local observers admitted surprise when Donald Mintz, running as the candidate who would clean up the city, was accused of distributing viciously anti- Semitic and racist leaflets attacking himself.

On election day on Saturday Mr Mintz saw thousands of voters desert him in disgust, ensuring that New Orleans, unlike Los Angeles and New York last year, did not replace a black with a white mayor. Mr Mintz's own political career is probably over.

The scandal first broke on 31 January when a worker in the Mintz campaign by the name of Napolean Moses was identified by police investigators as he handed over a bundle of leaflets and dollars 600 ( pounds 400) to a distributor in a deserted car park at 3am. One entitled 'Just Vote No' accused Mr Mintz of being a Jewish elitist who should not be allowed to 'lead a majority black city'.

Marc Morial, Mr Mintz's 36-year- old opponent and son of the city's first black mayor, says the leaflets were an attempt to discredit him. Mr Mintz, a neatly dressed 50-year- old lawyer with a somewhat glacial personality, denies knowing anything about them. But his campaign admits that it had raised dollars 200,000 by sending this and other anti-Semitic leaflets to potential Jewish contributors outside Louisiana.

Forging leaflets in order to sabotage an opponent is not unknown in Louisiana. But many of them were very crude appeals to racial hatred. One of the worst, entitled 'Let's make Mintz meat and molasses' states that 'Jews have a gutter-ditch religion, sacrificing animals and Anglo-children in rituals'. A neutral commission decided that at least two of the leaflets had come from inside the Mintz campaign.

The leaflet affair is now seen as the turning point of the election. Some 59 per cent of the electorate in New Orleans is black, but older blacks, disillusioned with the scandal-ridden administration of the current black mayor, Sydney Barthelemy, and distrustful of Mr Morial's youth, were inclining towards Mr Mintz. Susan Howell, a pollster at New Orleans University, says: 'If the election had been held two weeks ago, Mintz would have won. The leaflets robbed him of momentum at a crucial moment.'

This was borne out by this weekend's elections. Mr Morial, an eloquent and effective politician, won 54 per cent of the vote, but an exit poll showed that 46 per cent of his supporters said they were deeply influenced by the leaflet controversy. As the white candidate Mr Mintz could only win if he convinced enough blacks that he was different from the corrupt demagogues of the past. He may have been on the verge of success when the scandal struck.

The fact that Mr Mintz stood a chance of winning is a measure of the sense of desperation in New Orleans. An attractive but run-down city, its 495,000 people depend on the tourists who visit the restaurants of the old French quarter and the swamps of the Mississippi delta. It also has a well-earned reputation for violence, with the murder rate running at more than one a day this year and a total of 1,569 murders since 1989. Sergeant Barry Fletcher of the New Orleans police says: 'There was an immediate increase in violence when cocaine first came to the city in 1986 and 90 per cent of killings are drug-related.'

New Orleans has all the problems of other American cities but in an extreme form because it is poorer and more corrupt. Carl Galmon, who counsels black teenagers in trouble with the law at the Urban League, says: 'Unemployment among youth is over 40 per cent. The army used to be the one place they could get a job but now they are slimming down.' In the last days of his campaign Marc Morial told a group of young black students that 'we need less Uzis and more books'. The real problem is not education but the loss of jobs in the docks and heavy industry.

Sergeant Fletcher says the police had a brief success in cutting the murder rate by aggressive patrols that forced crack dealers off the streets, but they had to stop because of political pressure. A local civil rights lawyer said these sweeps were for political show and the queues outside crack houses often stretch out to the street without the police interfering. A drug wholesaler in two public housing projects reputedly estimated his monthly income at dollars 1.1m, of which he paid the police dollars 50,000.

Tolerance of corruption, extreme violence and poverty make Louisiana feel like a piece of Latin America that has unaccountably drifted north across the Caribbean. No other state has such blatant corruption. When the governor, Edwin Edwards, defeated the former Nazi, David Duke, in the 1991 election his supporters, recalling that Mr Edwards had stood trial for bribery, produced a bumper sticker saying: 'Vote for the Crook. It's important.' In 1989 in New Orleans a whistle-blower, who revealed that some 300 bars controlled by the mob were not paying sales tax, was simply strangled.

Does it matter who runs New Orleans? Richer and better managed cities have been unable to stop their economies withering as better-off whites and businesses move to the suburbs. Last week the city council finally agreed to a plan to build the world's largest casino beside the French Quarter, but most of the profits will go to the state. In the past most reformers have either been bought off or isolated by the local political elite, who do not want change. It is a measure of the corruption in Louisiana that Mr Mintz - by all accounts an honest if ambitious man - or somebody in his campaign should have thought the only way for a reformer to get elected was to set up his own dirty tricks department.

(Graphic omitted)

News
Paper trail: the wedding photograph found in the rubble after 9/11 – it took Elizabeth Keefe 13 years to find the people in it
newsWho are the people in this photo? It took Elizabeth Stringer Keefe 13 years to find out
Arts and Entertainment
Evil eye: Douglas Adams in 'mad genius' pose
booksNew biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Sport
FootballFull debuts don't come much more stylish than those on show here
News
i100
PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
News
ebooksAn unforgettable anthology of contemporary reportage
Life and Style
Kim Kardashian drawn backlash over her sexy swimsuit selfie, called 'disgusting' and 'nasty'
fashionCritics say magazine only pays attention to fashion trends among rich, white women
Arts and Entertainment
TVShows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Arts and Entertainment
Hit the roof: hot-tub cinema east London
architectureFrom pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
Travel
travel
News
The ecological reconstruction of Ikrandraco avatar is shown in this illustration courtesy of Chuang Zhao. Scientists on September 11, 2014 announced the discovery of fossils in China of a type of flying reptile called a pterosaur that lived 120 millions years ago and so closely resembled those creatures from the 2009 film, Avatar that they named it after them.
SCIENCE
Life and Style
tech
Arts and Entertainment
Matisse: The Cut-Outs exhibition attracted 562,000 visitors to the Tate Modern from April to September
art
Life and Style
Models walk the runway at the Tom Ford show during London Fashion Week Spring Summer 2015
fashionLondon Fashion Week 2014
News
Kenny G
news
News
peopleThe black actress has claimed police mistook her for a prostitute when she kissed her white husband
Life and Style
techIndian model comes with cricket scores baked in
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Energy Markets Analyst

£400000 Per Annum: The Green Recruitment Company: Job Title: Energy Markets An...

Junior Web Analyst – West Sussex – Up to £35k DOE

£30000 - £35000 Per Annum Plus excellent benefits: Clearwater People Solutions...

Nursery Manager

£22000 - £23000 per annum: Randstad Education Bristol: We are currently recrui...

Web Analyst – Permanent – Up to £40k - London

£35000 - £40000 Per Annum: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: We are currently r...

Day In a Page

Mystery of the Ground Zero wedding photo

A shot in the dark

Mystery of the wedding photo from Ground Zero
His life, the universe and everything

His life, the universe and everything

New biography sheds light on comic genius of Douglas Adams
Save us from small screen superheroes

Save us from small screen superheroes

Shows like Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D are little more than marketing tools
Reach for the skies

Reach for the skies

From pools to football pitches, rooftop living is looking up
These are the 12 best hotel spas in the UK

12 best hotel spas in the UK

Some hotels go all out on facilities; others stand out for the sheer quality of treatments
These Iranian-controlled Shia militias used to specialise in killing American soldiers. Now they are fighting Isis, backed up by US airstrikes

Widespread fear of Isis is producing strange bedfellows

Iranian-controlled Shia militias that used to kill American soldiers are now fighting Isis, helped by US airstrikes
Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Topshop goes part Athena poster, part last spring Prada

Shoppers don't come to Topshop for the unique
How to make a Lego masterpiece

How to make a Lego masterpiece

Toy breaks out of the nursery and heads for the gallery
Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Meet the ‘Endies’ – city dwellers who are too poor to have fun

Urbanites are cursed with an acronym pointing to Employed but No Disposable Income or Savings
Paisley’s decision to make peace with IRA enemies might remind the Arabs of Sadat

Ian Paisley’s decision to make peace with his IRA enemies

His Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign would surely have been supported by many a Sunni imam
'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

'She was a singer, a superstar, an addict, but to me, her mother, she is simply Amy'

Exclusive extract from Janis Winehouse's poignant new memoir
Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

Is this the role to win Cumberbatch an Oscar?

The Imitation Game, film review
England and Roy Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption in Basel

England and Hodgson take a joint step towards redemption

Welbeck double puts England on the road to Euro 2016
Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Relatives fight over Vivian Maier’s rare photos

Pictures removed from public view as courts decide ownership
‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

‘Fashion has to be fun. It’s a big business, not a cure for cancer’

Donatella Versace at New York Fashion Week