Notebook: The road to Washington begins at home

Former senator Bill Bradley was wise to return to little Crystal City, Missouri, to launch his bid to become US President

When Bill Bradley, the former Democratic Senator and basketball eminence, officially declared his White House candidacy last week, he chose as his backdrop the small, spruce town on the Mississippi river where he was born and grew up: Crystal City. He made his call for "a new kind of leadership in America" from the steps of the high school where he first showed his promise, and afterwards had home-made cookies and tea in the very gymnasium where he practised and played so hard.

After an unusually itinerant career, Mr Bradley had plenty of options for launching his campaign. He could have chosen Montclair, the New Jersey college town and dormitory for New York, where his wife teaches and they keep a flat; or Trenton, the capital of New Jersey, the state that elected him for three consecutive terms in the US Senate; or even Washington, where he spent the bulk of those years. Equally, he could have followed the example of the early Republican favourite, George W Bush, and chosen a folksy political setting, such as a state fair, in one of the key primary states, Iowa or New Hampshire.

But he settled on Crystal City, Missouri, a small town of 4,000 souls and white clapboard houses some 27 miles downstream from the industrial port of St Louis, within flooding distance of the great Mississippi. "You are what you come from," the aspiring President told his adoring audience last week, "and I come from Crystal City."

Named after the glass that provided its sole industry, the town has lost its one factory and succumbed to the fate of so many small US towns: bypassed by motorways and strip malls, its small shops and businesses gradually gobbled up by national franchises. The last independent businesses - a local pizzeria, three barbers and two bars - are just hanging on, the proprietors grumbling about the cheap prices and television advertising of their giant competitors.

More fortunate than many small towns, Crystal City is still alive, thanks to its proximity to St Louis, capitalising on its sense of peace and community as a haven for families and retired people. Mississippi Avenue, the meandering main street, shaded by oaks, still has the remnants of a centre: the square stone bank that Mr Bradley's late father once managed, the solid Presbyterian church, newish town offices and the fire station, as well as the schools that the budding sports star attended. Below is farmland, girded by the broad sweep of the river's flood plain.

When Mr Bradley returned last week, it was 38 years since he had shaken the sand of Crystal City off his feet, heading for Princeton University and a wider world that he would eventually anchor in New Jersey. But he never neglected his ties, even after his parents retired to Florida, visiting an aunt and old neighbours and friends, and never selling the stone-built family home with its basketball hoop in the yard. It was this house that he used as his base last week - incontrovertible evidence that he "belonged".

Whether he kept the house out of affection, inertia or political calculation, or a little of each, he well understood that a small-town past is a political asset in US politics. The voters like their presidents to come from somewhere definable, preferably somewhere like where they come from themselves.

The modest Truman house in Independence, at the opposite edge of Missouri from Crystal City, is a shrine to that president's homely style. At Johnson City in the high plains of Texas, visitors may see the hovel from which Lyndon Johnson started his trudge to the presidency, and the hilltop ranch to which he returned as LBJ, with its views to infinity and its rich man's toys: special-breed cattle, vintage cars, aircraft hangars and landing strip.

From George Washington's ponderous mansion at Mount Vernon, through Thomas Jefferson's self-designed gem at Monticello, to the small white timber house in Hope in the back end of Arkansas where Bill Clinton was born Billy Blythe, US Presidents have remembered and promoted their origins - the more modest the better - as part of the national myth known as the American Dream. Mr Clinton's campaign documentary, and the words he spoke at his nomination, "I still believe in a place called Hope", are classics of the genre.

Nowhere are small-town origins so prized and so politically marketable as they are in the United States, except perhaps in France. But here the asset is regional loyalty and distinctiveness. For Americans it is the received memory of a golden age when small-town values - modesty, decency and community - were the rule, when childhood was innocent and the wider world could be kept at bay.

It is not just politicians who find the home-town myth expedient. The film star Kim Basinger bought the whole town of Braselton (population: 418) in her native Georgia for pounds 12.5m, though she sold it six years later for only pounds 2.7m after a breach-of-contract judgment bankrupted her. In most cases, however, the association is more profitable.

Hope, a modest town that lived by its railway and was all but dying when the line closed, has a new lease of life thanks to President Clinton: not because he personally pushed public funds in its way (as a French politician might towards his home region), but because of the outside interest and commerce it has brought. The defunct station building is now shared by a railway museum and a collection of Clinton memorabilia. Harry S Truman had his presidential library built at Independence, where it is at the heart of a small college campus.

Those without such origins must find them where they may. George W Bush has the choice of Midland, Texas, or his father's estate at Kennebunkport in Maine, neither of which quite communicates the small-town message: no wonder he has his eye on a ranch. Al Gore is superficially better off. He owns an estate at the small town of Carthage in Tennessee, where he made his formal declaration of presidential intentions earlier this summer.

Mr Gore, though, is not universally embraced as a Carthage native. The family estate is tucked away from the centre, and he grew up in a hotel in Washington, where his father was also a senator. With the death of Al Gore senior, ties with his putative home town weakened further. The Vice-President is seen more as a Washingtonian than as "one of us". The warmth and pride so tangible in Crystal City last week, even from the Republican mayor, were missing in Carthage.

When Bill Bradley came to call on his home town last week, there were home-made welcome signs in every yard, flags on every building, and rows of tiny candle lanterns, native-Indian-style, lined the main street after dark to guide the native son home. "Crystal City gave Bill Bradley a hug yesterday, a big hug," intoned one local radio reporter, adding almost as an afterthought: "And a kiss."

Suggested Topics
Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
ebooks
ebooksA special investigation by Andy McSmith
Arts and Entertainment
Books should be for everyone, says Els, 8. Publisher Scholastic now agrees
booksAn eight-year-old saw a pirate book was ‘for boys’ and took on the publishers
Life and Style
Mary Beard received abuse after speaking positively on 'Question Time' about immigrant workers: 'When people say ridiculous, untrue and hurtful things, then I think you should call them out'
tech
Life and Style
Most mail-order brides are thought to come from Thailand, the Philippines and Romania
life
News
i100
Life and Style
tech
Voices
Margaret Thatcher, with her director of publicity Sir Gordon Reece, who helped her and the Tory Party to victory in 1979
voicesThe subject is being celebrated by the V&A museum, triggering some happy memories for former PR man DJ Taylor
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Installation and Service / Security Engineer

£22000 - £40000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This company is part of a Group...

Recruitment Genius: Service Charge Accounts Assistant

£16000 - £18000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Are you a a young, dynamic pers...

Cancer Research UK: Corporate Partnerships Volunteer Events Coordinator – London

Voluntary: Cancer Research UK: We’re looking for someone to support our award ...

Ashdown Group: Head of IT - Hertfordshire - £90,000

£70000 - £90000 per annum + bonus + car allowance + benefits: Ashdown Group: H...

Day In a Page

General Election 2015: Chuka Umunna on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband

Chuka Umunna: A virus of racism runs through Ukip

The shadow business secretary on the benefits of immigration, humility – and his leader Ed Miliband
Yemen crisis: This exotic war will soon become Europe's problem

Yemen's exotic war will soon affect Europe

Terrorism and boatloads of desperate migrants will be the outcome of the Saudi air campaign, says Patrick Cockburn
Marginal Streets project aims to document voters in the run-up to the General Election

Marginal Streets project documents voters

Independent photographers Joseph Fox and Orlando Gili are uploading two portraits of constituents to their website for each day of the campaign
Game of Thrones: Visit the real-life kingdom of Westeros to see where violent history ends and telly tourism begins

The real-life kingdom of Westeros

Is there something a little uncomfortable about Game of Thrones shooting in Northern Ireland?
How to survive a social-media mauling, by the tough women of Twitter

How to survive a Twitter mauling

Mary Beard, Caroline Criado-Perez, Louise Mensch, Bunny La Roche and Courtney Barrasford reveal how to trounce the trolls
Gallipoli centenary: At dawn, the young remember the young who perished in one of the First World War's bloodiest battles

At dawn, the young remember the young

A century ago, soldiers of the Empire – many no more than boys – spilt on to Gallipoli’s beaches. On this 100th Anzac Day, there are personal, poetic tributes to their sacrifice
Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves

Follow the money as never before

Dissent is slowly building against the billions spent on presidential campaigns – even among politicians themselves, reports Rupert Cornwell
Samuel West interview: The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents

Samuel West interview

The actor and director on austerity, unionisation, and not mentioning his famous parents
General Election 2015: Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Imagine if the leading political parties were fashion labels

Fashion editor, Alexander Fury, on what the leaders' appearances tell us about them
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka: Home can be the unsafest place for women

The architect of the HeForShe movement and head of UN Women on the world's failure to combat domestic violence
Public relations as 'art'? Surely not

Confessions of a former PR man

The 'art' of public relations is being celebrated by the V&A museum, triggering some happy memories for DJ Taylor
Bill Granger recipes: Our chef succumbs to his sugar cravings with super-luxurious sweet treats

Bill Granger's luxurious sweet treats

Our chef loves to stop for 30 minutes to catch up on the day's gossip, while nibbling on something sweet
London Marathon 2015: Paula Radcliffe and the mother of all goodbyes

The mother of all goodbyes

Paula Radcliffe's farewell to the London Marathon will be a family affair
Everton vs Manchester United: Steven Naismith demands 'better' if Toffees are to upset the odds against United

Steven Naismith: 'We know we must do better'

The Everton forward explains the reasons behind club's decline this season
Arsenal vs Chelsea: Praise to Arsene Wenger for having the courage of his convictions

Michael Calvin's Last Word

Praise to Wenger for having the courage of his convictions