Raid on Iraq: Months of tension that led to the brink

The following were the main events leading up to last night's air strikes.

1990

2 Aug - Iraq invades Kuwait and declares it Iraq's 19th province.

1991

17 Jan - US-led allied forces bomb Baghdad, launching air war against Iraqi positions and installations in Iraq and Kuwait.

24 Feb - Ground war begins with allied night attack. More than 14,000 Iraqis captured in first 24 hours.

27 Feb - Iraq offers to accept UN resolutions if allies declare ceasefire. Kuwait's army returns home in triumph.

28 Feb - Allied forces cease fire at 8am Kuwait time - 5am GMT. Baghdad Radio insists Iraq won war.

1992

27 Aug - West threatens to shoot down any Iraqi aircraft south of the 32nd parallel. Western states say aim is to stop Iraq attacking Shias from the air but Iraq says they have secret plan to carve up country.

1 Sept - French aircraft leave for Saudi Arabia to join US and British enforcing no- fly zone.

17 Sept - President George Bush says no-fly zone has stopped air attacks on Shias.

3 Oct - UN Security Council impounds most of Iraq's oil-related assets to buy food and medicine for Kurds in rebel-held areas and start paying compensation to Gulf war victims. Iraq says that is illegal.

9 Oct - Iraqi security personnel seize American Chad Hall on Iraq-Kuwait border. Iraq hands him over to UN the next day.

17 Oct - Iraq-UN accord allows UN to resume relief work.

22 Oct - Bush orders release of some Iraqi assets to pay for UN arms inspections and relief work.

26 Oct - Head of a UN inspection team says information provided by Baghdad on its ballistic weapons programme has gaps.

27 Oct - Iraqi opposition groups meet in Kurd-held north to plan Saddam's overthrow.

23 Nov - UN finishes marking Iraq-Kuwait land border.

24 Nov - UN Security Council rebuffs Iraq's pleas for relaxation of trade sanctions.

19 Dec - UN suspends aid operations to Kurds in northern Iraq; says it wants Baghdad to ensure no more bombs are planted on relief trucks.

23 Dec - Iraq rejects UN request that it let UN guards inspect and protect relief trucks.

27 Dec - US F-16 shoots down an Iraqi MiG in the no-fly zone in southern Iraq. Baghdad threatens to retaliate 'in a suitable manner'. US president-elect Bill Clinton calls incident a test of international resolve against Iraq.

28 Dec - Iraqi jets again enter the no-fly zone.

1993

5 Jan - US officials say Iraq has moved anti-aircraft missiles into southern no-fly zone, possibly as part of a plan to shoot down US aircraft.

7 Jan - US, Britain and France, with Russian backing, give Iraq 48 hours to remove the anti-aircraft missiles from no-fly zone. Iraq rejects the ultimatum.

8 Jan - UN says Iraq refused to let UN planes, including those carrying weapons inspection teams, land in the country.

9 Jan - White House says Iraq backed down and complied with missiles ultimatum. Iraq says it did not.

10 Jan - Iraq denies a UN aircraft permission to land; hundreds of Iraqi workers raid ammunition bunkers in what UN considers Kuwaiti territory and remove weapons including four Silkworm missiles.

11 Jan - Iraq defies protests from the US, Britain, France and Russia; sends workers to dismantle warehouses. Security Council accuses Iraq of repeated violations of Gulf war ceasefire terms and says the consequences will be serious if it does so again.

12 Jan - Iraqi workers come back to resume demolition work on the warehouses.

13 Jan - Allied warplanes launch raids on Iraq.

Suggested Topics
Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Web Developer - Junior / Mid Weight

£15000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: To support their continued grow...

Recruitment Genius: Marketing Data Specialist

£22000 - £25000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: They are the go-to company for ...

Recruitment Genius: Search Marketing Specialist - PPC / SEO

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This is an opportunity to join the UK's leadin...

Recruitment Genius: Sales Administrator

Negotiable: Recruitment Genius: This caravan dealership are currently recruiti...

Day In a Page

Is this the future of flying: battery-powered planes made of plastic, and without flight decks?

Is this the future of flying?

Battery-powered planes made of plastic, and without flight decks
Isis are barbarians – but the Caliphate is a dream at the heart of all Muslim traditions

Isis are barbarians

but the Caliphate is an ancient Muslim ideal
The Brink's-Mat curse strikes again: three tons of stolen gold that brought only grief

Curse of Brink's Mat strikes again

Death of John 'Goldfinger' Palmer the latest killing related to 1983 heist
Greece debt crisis: 'The ministers talk to us about miracles' – why Greeks are cynical ahead of the bailout referendum

'The ministers talk to us about miracles'

Why Greeks are cynical ahead of the bailout referendum
Call of the wild: How science is learning to decode the way animals communicate

Call of the wild

How science is learning to decode the way animals communicate
Greece debt crisis: What happened to democracy when it’s a case of 'Vote Yes or else'?

'The economic collapse has happened. What is at risk now is democracy...'

If it doesn’t work in Europe, how is it supposed to work in India or the Middle East, asks Robert Fisk
The science of swearing: What lies behind the use of four-letter words?

The science of swearing

What lies behind the use of four-letter words?
The Real Stories of Migrant Britain: Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won't have him back

The Real Stories of Migrant Britain

Clive fled from Zimbabwe - now it won’t have him back
Africa on the menu: Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the continent

Africa on the menu

Three foodie friends want to popularise dishes from the hot new continent
Donna Karan is stepping down after 30 years - so who will fill the DKNY creator's boots?

Who will fill Donna Karan's boots?

The designer is stepping down as Chief Designer of DKNY after 30 years. Alexander Fury looks back at the career of 'America's Chanel'
10 best statement lightbulbs

10 best statement lightbulbs

Dare to bare with some out-of-the-ordinary illumination
Wimbledon 2015: Heather Watson - 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Heather Watson: 'I had Serena's poster on my wall – now I'm playing her'

Briton pumped up for dream meeting with world No 1
Wimbledon 2015: Nick Bollettieri - It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve

Nick Bollettieri's Wimbledon Files

It's time for big John Isner to produce the goods to go with his thumping serve
Dustin Brown: Who is the tennis player who knocked Rafael Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?

Dustin Brown

Who is the German player that knocked Nadal out of Wimbeldon 2015?
Ashes 2015: Damien Martyn - 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Damien Martyn: 'England are fired up again, just like in 2005...'

Australian veteran of that Ashes series, believes the hosts' may become unstoppable if they win the first Test