He became leader of the conservative National Party in 1974, and led the party to a landslide victory the following year. He remained in office until 1984, when he miscalculated by calling a snap election and was defeated by the Labor Party. Refusing to step down as party leader, he was voted out by his parliamentary colleagues at the end of the year.
Mr Muldoon retired from parliament in 1991, saying he was unable to persuade the National Party government to follow more moderate policies. He then became a popular radio talk show host.
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