Spirit of Treaty `is being broken'
Wednesday 19 April 1995
The environmentalist organisation calculates that there are 520 nuclear weapons deployed in Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and Turkey - placed there in case they are needed to back up Nato's mutual security guarantee.
As the conference on extending the treaty opens in New York, Greenpeace has called for the weapons to be removed. "We want countries at the NPT review to take this issue up," said Hans Kristensen, author of the report.
Most of the weapons are held under the custody of US forces and would be released in time of war. Though this does not break the letter of the NPT, "it contravenes the spirit and the fundamental objectives of the treaty," said Mr Kristensen. "How would we feel if China put nuclear weapons in North Korea on similar terms?"
The US has about 480 nuclear bombs at 15 European bases. They are different variants of the B-61 tactical nuclear bomb, with yields of between one and 175 kilotons. A legacy of the Cold War, they remain in place as political symbols of the links between the US and Europe and as part of the Nato deterrent. Despite the change in relations with Russia, Nato maintains nuclear deterrence at the heart of its policy.
Greenpeace says Britain deploys four squadrons of Tornado aircraft with two to three dozen nuclear WE-177A and B bombs at RAF Bruggen in Germany, with yields of 200 kilotons for the A version and 400 kilotons for the B version. Britain said on 4 April that it would withdraw its nuclear free-fall bombs completely from service by the end of 1998.
Nato's nuclear doctrine and force posture is likely to come under further pressure from developments in European security. The enlargement of the alliance to the east has already posed new problems for its stance on nuclear weapons.
Apple agrees deal with Visa on contactless payments
- 1 Half of young women unable to ‘locate vagina’ and 65% find it difficult to say the word
- 2 Perez Hilton apologises for Jennifer Lawrence naked photo leak
- 3 A teacher speaks out: 'I'm effectively being forced out of a career that I wanted to love'
- 4 Mexican woman becomes world’s 'oldest person' at 127
- 5 Jennifer Lawrence 'naked sex video' will be leaked threatens 4Chan celebrity photo hacker
iPhone 6 'hidden code' could indicate sharper screens or bigger phones
Perez Hilton apologises for Jennifer Lawrence naked photo leak
Ariana Grande nude photos leak: 'These are completely fake' say singer's representatives
A teacher speaks out: 'I'm effectively being forced out of a career that I wanted to love'
Kate Upton nude pictures leak: Model's representatives 'looking into' authenticity of naked images
Rotherham child sex abuse scandal: Labour Home Office to be probed over what Tony Blair's government knew - and when
Robin Williams Emmys tribute led by Billy Crystal criticised for including 'racist' joke about Muslim woman
The Rotherham child abuse scandal is a tale of apologists, misogyny and double standards
What do immigrants really think of Britain? Polish immigrant's Reddit post goes viral
Do you realise just how foolish the UK looks?
With Douglas Carswell joining Ukip, my party has taken another giant step forward
£85000 per annum: Harrington Starr: Head of IT (Windows, Server, VMware, SAN, ...
£55000 - £60000 per annum + Benefits + Bonus: Harrington Starr: Lead C# Develo...
£40000 - £50000 per annum: Harrington Starr: You will not be expected to hav...
£45000 - £53000 Per Annum plus bonus plus package: The Green Recruitment Compa...