Struggle that has claimed 815 lives

8 Eta (Basque Homeland and Freedom), founded in 1960 by university students, has been responsible for 815 deaths since 1968, including those of more than 20 senior national or local political figures.

8 1961: first Eta action - attempt to derail a train which was taking Francoist veterans to a rally in San Sebastian. Police arrested and tortured more than 100 Eta suspects.

8 20 Dec 1973: assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco, prime minister and Franco's designated successor, preceding collapse of dictatorship.

8 October 1979: Jose Maria Uriarte Alvain, mayor of Bilbao, killed.

8 1980: Eta's bloodiest year - 118 people killed.

8 30 September 1980: Jose Ignacio Ustar, of the conservative UCD executive committee, killed in Vitoria.

8 23 February 1984: Socialist senator, Enrique Casas Vila, shot dead in San Sebastian.

8 12 June 1985: army colonel and his chauffeur killed in Madrid on day Spain signs EC membership deal.

8 25 April 1986: five Civil Guardsmen, guarding embassies in Madrid, killed by car-bomb.

8 14 July 1986: 12 Civil Guardsmen killed and 56 people injured in truck explosion in Madrid.

8 19 June 1987: bombing of supermarket in Barcelona kills 21 and wounds 35.

8 6 February 1992: car-bomb in Santander kills three.

8 15 January 1992: Manuel Broseta Pons, former UCD senator and minister, killed in Valencia.

8 21 June 1993: six soldiers and a civilian killed in car-bomb attack in Madrid.

8 29 July 1994: three people, including a general, killed in the centre of the capital.

8 23 January 1995: Gregorio Ordonez, provincial leader of Popular Party in Basque Country, shot dead in San Sebastian.

Start your day with The Independent, sign up for daily news emails
  • Get to the point
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Recruitment Genius: Senior Digital Marketing Consultant

£28000 - £45000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: A Senior Digital Marketing Cons...

Recruitment Genius: Assistant Stores Keeper

£16640 - £18500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: An Assistant Stores Keeper is r...

Recruitment Genius: Claims Administrator

£16000 - £18500 per annum: Recruitment Genius: This is an excellent opportunit...

Recruitment Genius: Software Developer - C# / ASP.NET / SQL

£17000 - £30000 per annum: Recruitment Genius: Developer required to join a bu...

Day In a Page

'It was first time I had ever tasted chocolate. I kept a piece, and when Amsterdam was liberated, I gave it to the first Allied soldier I saw'

Bread from heaven

Dutch survivors thank RAF for World War II drop that saved millions
Britain will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power - Labour

How 'the Axe' helped Labour

UK will be 'run for the wealthy and powerful' if Tories retain power
Rare and exclusive video shows the horrific price paid by activists for challenging the rule of jihadist extremists in Syria

The price to be paid for challenging the rule of extremists

A revolution now 'consuming its own children'
Welcome to the world of Megagames

Welcome to the world of Megagames

300 players take part in Watch the Skies! board game in London
'Nymphomaniac' actress reveals what it was really like to star in one of the most explicit films ever

Charlotte Gainsbourg on 'Nymphomaniac'

Starring in one of the most explicit films ever
Robert Fisk in Abu Dhabi: The Emirates' out-of-sight migrant workers helping to build the dream projects of its rulers

Robert Fisk in Abu Dhabi

The Emirates' out-of-sight migrant workers helping to build the dream projects of its rulers
Vince Cable interview: Charging fees for employment tribunals was 'a very bad move'

Vince Cable exclusive interview

Charging fees for employment tribunals was 'a very bad move'
Iwan Rheon interview: Game of Thrones star returns to his Welsh roots to record debut album

Iwan Rheon is returning to his Welsh roots

Rheon is best known for his role as the Bastard of Bolton. It's gruelling playing a sadistic torturer, he tells Craig McLean, but it hasn't stopped him recording an album of Welsh psychedelia
Russell Brand's interview with Ed Miliband has got everyone talking about The Trews

Everyone is talking about The Trews

Russell Brand's 'true news' videos attract millions of viewers. But today's 'Milibrand' interview introduced his resolutely amateurish style to a whole new crowd
Morne Hardenberg interview: Cameraman for BBC's upcoming show Shark on filming the ocean's most dangerous predator

It's time for my close-up

Meet the man who films great whites for a living
Increasing numbers of homeless people in America keep their mobile phones on the streets

Homeless people keep mobile phones

A homeless person with a smartphone is a common sight in the US. And that's creating a network where the 'hobo' community can share information - and fight stigma - like never before
'Queer saint' Peter Watson left his mark on British culture by bankrolling artworld giants

'Queer saint' who bankrolled artworld giants

British culture owes a huge debt to Peter Watson, says Michael Prodger
Pushkin Prizes: Unusual exchange programme aims to bring countries together through culture

Pushkin Prizes brings countries together

Ten Scottish schoolchildren and their Russian peers attended a creative writing workshop in the Highlands this week
14 best kids' hoodies

14 best kids' hoodies

Don't get caught out by that wind on the beach. Zip them up in a lightweight top to see them through summer to autumn
Robert Fisk in Abu Dhabi: The acceptable face of the Emirates

The acceptable face of the Emirates

Has Abu Dhabi found a way to blend petrodollars with principles, asks Robert Fisk