20 January: Palestinians hold first election for president and parliament to rule in the West Bank and Gaza under peace deal with Israel. Yasser Arafat, PLO chief, elected president.
25 February: Two Hamas suicide bombers kill 26 in attacks in Jerusalem and the southern Israeli town of Ashkelon. Bombings said to be in revenge for the killing of Ayyash.
3 March: Hamas suicide bomber on a bus in Jerusalem kills 18. Israel declares all-out war against Hamas.
4 March: A Hamas suicide bomber kills 13 at a busy Tel Aviv shopping mall.
23 March: Israel, rocked by the suicide bombings, puts off scheduled withdrawal from Hebron, the seventh and last West Bank town still occupied.
29 May: Benjamin Netanyahu, a right-winger, ousts Shimon Peres in national elections vowing to boost security.
23 July: Arafat meets David Levy, Israeli Foreign Minister, in Gaza.
2 August: Netanyahu infuriates Palestinians by lifting four-year freeze on West Bank Jewish settlement expansion imposed by previous government.
29 August: Palestinians hold first general strike in West Bank and Gaza in two years to protest at Israeli policy; heads of Israeli-PLO steering committee on implemention of interim peace deals hold first meeting since Netanyahu took office.
4 September: Netanyahu and Arafat hold first summit,.
24 September: Israeli government opens tourist tunnel near Islamic holy site, igniting protests reminiscent of Palestinian uprising and further souring relations with Arab states.
25 September: Israeli soldiers kill five Palestinians and wound about 300 during protests in West Bank town of Ramallah.
26 September: Thirty-nine Palestinians and 11 Israelis die in clashes in the worst violence since Israel and the PLO signed peace deal in 1993.
27 September: Seven Palestinians and three Israelis killed in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Arab East Jerusalem. Three of the Palestinians shot dead during stone-throwing protest outside Jerusalem's al-Aqsa mosque, Islam's third holiest shrine.
28 September: Arab shot dead in Gaza but Palestinian police keep lid on protests in most of the West Bank and Gaza.
29 September: President Clinton invites Netanyahu, Arafat, Jordan's King Hussein and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to White House summit.
6 October: Following White House summit, Israel and PLO launch weeks of marathon talks on Hebron redeployment.
11 December: Guerrillas from the Popular Front of the Liberation of Palestine shoot dead a 12-year-old Israeli boy and his mother in a drive-by shooting near the PLO-ruled West Bank town of Ramallah. Five other settlers wounded.
12 December: Israeli farmer shoots dead a Palestinian worker in southern Israel.
24 December: Netanyahu and Arafat meet on Hebron. US Middle East envoy Dennis Ross reports "real progress".