Two Chinas: so near and yet so far
Sunday 24 September 1995
Chiang Kai-shek led his defeated nationalist forces from mainland China to Taiwan in 1949 where he re-established the Republic of China, claiming that his government was the sole legitimate authority in China. China, in turn, regards Taiwan as a renegade province with no rights to self- determination.
With western, particularly United States support, the fiction of Taiwanese rule over China was maintained for two decades. However in 1971, Chiang Kai-shek's refusal to accept the People's Republic of China's admission to the United Nations resulted in Taiwan's expulsion. In 1979 the US withdrew diplomatic recognition and ended the mutual defence treaty. This effectively plunged Taiwan into diplomatic isolation.
Chiang Kai-shek's government was brutal in its suppression of Taiwanese resistance, laying the seeds of bitter divisions between the indigenous population and the new comers.
However, his son Chiang Ching-kuo, who assumed the presidency after his father's death, realised that the nationalist's hardline policies were no longer viable. He believed they would only be able to retain power by introducing a degree of political liberalisation - somewhat comparable to the economic liberalisation which allowed the economy to boom.
In 1987 martial law was lifted. Taiwan has embraced democracy, abandoning the reality of a system constructed to rule the whole of China. Both governments in Peking and Taipei are committed to the reunification of China but progress towards reintegration is leaden.
David Cameron stung by jellyfish: PM hurt after ignoring advice of locals while on holiday
South Korea ferry: Vice principal rescued from sinking ship found hanged
Oscar Pistorius trial: The case against Oscar Pistorius – and why the prosecution claims his story doesn't add up
Peaches Geldof funeral: Private ceremony to be held at same place as her mother Paula Yates on Easter Monday
Shropshire criminals ‘using unmanned drones and infrared cameras to find illegal cannabis farms’ – and then steal from the growers
The food poverty scandal that shames Britain: Nearly 1m people rely on handouts to eat – and benefit reforms may be to blame
US Navy christens huge $3 billion destroyer ship USS Zumwalt that appears as a fishing boat on enemy radar
Scottish independence: It is the English who should be on their knees, begging the Scots to vote ‘No’
Nigel Farage fatigue? Half of voters ‘immune’ to Ukip’s appeal
Nigel Farage on Have I Got News For You: Ukip leader ridiculed over expenses and party 'fruitcakes'
Nigel Farage: I’m taking on the status quo, and the Establishment’s fighting back
- 1 Are you turning into your dad? The top ten signs you've embraced dad-ism revealed as survey says 38 is age men turn into their father
- 2 Overheard in Waitrose: documenting the chatter in 'Britain's poshest supermarket'
- 3 Video of British Muslims dancing to Pharrell Williams's hit Happy attacked as 'sinful'
- 4 24 people applied for the 'world's toughest job', here are their interviews
- 5 Grace Dent on TV: Game of Thrones has jumped the shark
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company is a company that specializ...
£153.75 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company is an innovative outsourcin...
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: This company has been providing on site ...
£150.00 per week: QA Apprenticeships: We've been supplying best of breed peopl...