Part six: The first civilisations
5,000 years ago to 1,000 years ago
Thursday 12 February 2009
The sixth part of our series is the first to be based – at least in part – on written sources. We are, in other words, entering the realms of recorded history. In terms of Earth-time, we are as near as makes no difference to the present day – yet in human terms we are still in the remotest mists of time.
These are worlds that remain tantalisingly elusive. Little but ruins and fragments remain of the lost civilisations of Sumer, Egypt, Babylon, Minoan Crete and the Indus valley. Yet they were once among the mightiest the world has seen. What caused their rise and fall? How did their lives differ from ours? For those who seek to understand today's world, such questions matter very much. This is, in other words, a crucial stage in our planet's story.
There are still eight more booklets to come in this series – published daily with The Independent and The Independent on Sunday. Each examines a different world-changing chapter in our history. Collect them all and you will have a unique reference resource, describing the story of our world in terms of history, natural history, physics, biology, culture, economics and much else besides.
The Sistine Chapel is set to be illuminated with thousands of LEDs
Gillian Anderson lays into gender disparity in Hollywood
- 1 Snoop Dogg and Jared Leto buy a stake in Reddit as A-list invests $50m
- 2 Prince held a Facebook Q&A and this is the only question he answered...
- 3 'F*ck it, I quit': KTVA reporter Charlo Greene quits live on air in spectacular fashion
- 4 35,000 walrus gather on north-west Alaska beach 'for a rest'
- 5 A teacher speaks out: 'I'm effectively being forced out of a career that I wanted to love'
Snoop Dogg and Jared Leto buy a stake in Reddit as A-list invests $50m
Prince held a Facebook Q&A and this is the only question he answered...
Kim Kardashian 'nude photos' leaked on 4chan weeks after Jennifer Lawrence scandal
Brad Pitt, on the moment he completely lost his temper with Clint Eastwood's son
Jennifer Lawrence nude photos leak: More celebrities allegedly targeted as third wave of hacked images released
Exclusive: 'Putin's Russia has been my biggest regret,' says Nato's outgoing Secretary General
The Osborne Ultimatum: Chancellor’s benefits freeze bombshell will affect ten million households
There’s no excuse for Dave Lee Travis’s behaviour, but we need to keep a sense of proportion
Should gay sex be illegal? 16% of Britons think so
Mark Reckless becomes second Tory MP to defect to Ukip in a month
Former Tory donor Arron Banks ups his Ukip donation to £1million following William Hague 'nobody' comment
- < Previous
- Next >
£400 - £450 Per Day: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: My client are looking fo...
£40000 - £45000 Per Annum + benefits: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Domino ...
£36000 - £37000 per annum: Randstad Education Group: Experienced SEN Teacher n...
This is an unpaid volunteer role. : Belong: We are looking for volunteers who ...