WEEKEND WORK

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The Independent Online
This is a good time to prepare sites for new lawns, to be sown later in September. The earth should be well raked and all clods knocked down with a fork. Prune rambling roses, together with climbers that have only one season of flowering. Keep any new long growths that have sprung from the base of the rose and cut out entirely a few of the old growths that flowered this summer. If no new shoots have appeared, cut out one old growth and prune back side shoots on the rest.

There are several hardy annuals which will make a good show early next year if they are sown outside now in the place where you want them to flower. Sow as thinly as possible, cover lightly with sifted soil and firm down the earth on top of the seeds. Then protect them with netting until the seedlings are established. Poppies, calendula, larkspur, limnanthes, love-in-the-mist, clarkia and cornflowers can all be treated in this fashion.

Take cuttings of shrubs such as berberis, phlomis and potentilla. They will root most easily in a light mixture of compost and sand or vermiculite. Choose shoots that are six-nine inches long and pull them off the parent bush so each has a bit of a "heel" (part of the older wood) attached. Bury them about three inches deep and firm the compost down well around them.

Cut back chives, marjoram, mint and oregano to about three inches from the ground to encourage fresh growth that you can use during the autumn.

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