The National Trust owns some of the country's finest major houses, most of which are open to members and the general public.
Less well known is its store of smaller properties - often bequested estate houses and cottages - available for rent to suitable tenants. These houses are unsuitable for permanent opening and need to be lived in to be looked after properly. Some of these are let on long leases at a premium (ie. you pay a lump sum on taking up the lease, from pounds 1,000 to pounds 100,000, as well as regular rent) and some are let on a short-term basis. Leases range from one year (renewable) to 20 years.
If you aspire to be Lord or Lady of the Manor, without the millstone of a leaky roof draining your pocket for a distant cousin to inherit, then a leasehold manor house may provide the opportunity for weekend house parties - circa 1930 - fishing parties and generally dispensing largesse to the locals.
The market rent is charged and will depend on the conditions of the lease. For example, the tenant may be obliged to open the house and gardens to the public on certain days, and there may be onerous repairs obligations. The importance of such properties would generally mean that buildings insurance is covered by the National Trust, although contents insurance would probably be hefty depending on how many members of the general public are tramping through the house.
Properties are advertised locally or sometimes nationally. Anyone interested should keep an eye on the local press and magazines such as Country Life, or register with an estate agent, although as many house hunters will know, this does not guarantee you will receive anything remotely suitable through the post.
Until recently, chance has played a big part in finding such properties, but in the Wessex region - Somerset, Dorset, Wiltshire and South Gloucestershire - a new database for smaller properties not open to the public has been set up for tenants in waiting. Customer requirements - type and size of property, land required - will be kept for 12 months after which clients must re-register.
Little Clarendon, a Grade II listed 16th century farmhouse in Dinton, nine miles west of Salisbury, is available for tenancy from Woolley & Wallis in Salisbury. The house was acquired in 1901 by George Engleheart, a daffodil grower who developed many new types of bulb, and was bequeathed to the Trust in 1941 by his wife. The gardens and certain rooms of historical importance are expected to be open to the public, probably one day a week.
The property comprises seven bedrooms, four reception rooms, stabling and other outbuildings. Adjoining the house is a Roman Catholic chapel. Some chapel duties will be required and the new tenant must be a Roman Catholic in line with the terms of the Little Clarendon bequest. "We often face a considerable challenge in finding a tenant who meets the criteria," says Celia Meade of the Trust's Wessex Region. "But most importantly, tenants must enjoy meeting the public and involving themselves in the history of the property. These houses are part of the country's heritage and our 2.4 million members are at liberty to visit."
Further north in Shropshire is Morville Hall, a Grade I listed 16th Century property, remodelled in the 18th century. The main building still shows traces of its 16th century origin, with turret stairs and a plaster ceiling with heraldic devices in the former kitchen. The main part of the Hall, four receptions and seven bedrooms, is being offered for lease and includes gardens and most of the outbuildings. The remainder is divided and let as four separate dwellings.
The gardens are in keeping with such a property and a condition of the lease is that they are maintained to a high standard. The National Trust's garden advisor will visit annually to direct the management of the garden. Also included are two garages - for the old Bentleys, one hopes - and a swimming pool.
Public viewing of the entrance hall, dining room and drawing room and the gardens is by prior arrangement with the tenant. Co-operation and goodwill are vital, considering the close proximity of the other residents, and compatibility and integration with the local community is important. No barbed wire fences to keep out the riff-raff then?
Rent in the region of pounds 10,000-pounds 12,000 per annum is required for shorthold tenancy, terms to be agreed, available through National Trust Mercia Regional Office.
A similar scheme to preserve great country houses, but with less involvement from residents, is offered by the Country House Association which owns nine stately homes in the South of England. Each house is split into individually designed unfurnished apartments, which are leased by the tenants by way of a one-off payment, returnable on departure.
This is followed by a monthly charge which includes cleaning, utilities, maintenance and even food - three square meals a day plus all the extras! Like living in a five-star hotel, but with all one's personal possessions and home comforts
The association find that this way of living appeals mainly to retired folk, but are considering marketing the scheme for business lets as well. "We provide all those things that people are happy to give up - such as cooking, cleaning, maintenance, gardening and so on. It is a wonderful life, and the average cost works out at about pounds 30 a day for everything," says Paul Glaister, who runs Albury Park in Guildford.
Albury Park, dating from the Middle Ages, is set in extensive grounds in the Duke of Northumberland's estate. Size of apartments ranges from little bedsits, such as that converted from the maid's room, to great suites from the original master quarters.
"Restoring these outstanding houses is not enough," says the Association. "The second objective is to breathe new life into them by creating apartments within the houses for use as residential accommodation."
Country House Association 0171-836 1624; National Trust (Wessex) database 01985 843600; National Trust Mercia Regional Office 01743 709343.Reuse content