Banks should keep their tough mortgage lending criteria in place to help prevent another house price bubble building up in the future, a thinktank said today.
Mortgages should be capped at 90% of a property's value, while people should also be prevented from borrowing more than 3.5 times their income, according to the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR).
The group said the UK had had four housing bubbles in the past 40 years, with these causing widespread damage to the economy.
It blamed the most recent house price boom, which saw property values treble between 1996 and 2006, on loose mortgage lending, pointing out that before the credit crunch the UK had the highest average loan-to-value ratio out of all OECD countries, apart from the Netherlands.
The UK also has the highest level of mortgage lending as a percentage of GDP at 81%, compared with 73% in the US and 44% across Western Europe.
The group said that although the country had a long-term under-supply of housing, the availability of cheap credit exacerbated volatility in the property market.
It also warned that the country's "addiction" to house price inflation was bad for the economy, and it said the Government should make greater house price stability a "central plank" of its economic policy.
The IPPR called on the Government and City regulator the Financial Services Authority not to give in to lobbying from the banking industry and to recommend caps on mortgage lending, in terms of both the amount advanced as a proportion of the value of a property and the amount lent relative to a borrower's salary, as part of its Mortgage Market Review.
It also called for the deposits lenders require for buy-to-let properties to be increased to ensure the rental income covered mortgage repayments.
The group said such a move should help to deter "small time speculators" from looking for big gains from the buy-to-let market, which it said had fed house price bubbles in the past.
Nick Pearce, IPPR director, said: "Britain has suffered four housing bubbles in the last 40 years, each of which contributed to major economic and social problems. We must learn the lessons from this economic history.
"A central plank of economic policy should be to target moderate increases in house prices, rather than allowing runaway house price inflation which is always damaging in the long run.
"The Housing Minister, Grant Shapps, has tentatively floated the idea of aiming for house price stability but he and (Chancellor) George Osborne should go further and make it an explicit policy objective."Reuse content