The Australia wicketkeeper Adam Gilchrist claimed a world record 414th Test dismissal as India were bowled out for 526 on day two of the fourth Test.
Captain Anil Kumble was Gilchrist's record-breaking victim after he edged a Mitchell Johnson delivery to the 36-year-old for the final wicket of the first innings as the tourists stayed on course to level the four-Test series.
Gilchrist made his Test debut in 1999 against Pakistan and has played 95 times at the highest level for Australia. Kumble's scalp took him past Mark Boucher's tally of 413.
The achievement stole some of the attention from Sachin Tendulkar, who had earlier made 150 for the 17th time in his Test career before being caught by Brad Hogg off Brett Lee for 153.
Kumble and Harbhajan Singh came together before lunch with the Indian total at 359 for 7 and frustrated the Australian attack for 35 overs.
Harbhajan, making his first appearance for India since the controversial second Test in Sydney, recorded his fourth Test half-century, hitting seven boundaries in a knock of 63, while Kumble also passed the fifty-run mark.
Harbhajan was dismissed when he attempted to slog a Symonds delivery over midwicket but got a top edge that flew high into the air and was taken at square leg by Gilchrist.
R P Singh went six balls later for a duck but Kumble finished on 87 as he and last man Ishant Sharma continued to frustrate the Australians as they took the Indian total past the 500 mark.
The openers Phil Jaques (21 not out) and Matthew Hayden (36no) made a confident start, however, as Australia played out the remainder of the evening without losing a wicket.