England's flair for flexibility

Euro 96: Powerful case for defence as Venables is rewarded for entrusting his players with responsibility for systems; Glenn Moore in Hong Kong sees a squad honing their communication skills

It was all very simple. Gareth Southgate had a quick word with Tony Adams, the captain motioned to the Neville brothers, and the message went out to the midfield: "Four at the back today, boys." Within minutes England, having taken to the Workers' Stadium pitch in Peking on Thursday prepared to play three at the back, a deep midfielder and all-purpose flankers, were back in the cosy world of 4-4-2, albeit with split strikers. All it required was intelligence, communication and confidence.

Yet even a year ago such a development would not have been contemplated. While several English club sides had experimented defensively, none had dared introduce a flexible system. The thought of entrusting players - defenders at that - with decision-making was inconceivable. The national side had remained rooted to tradition - it was the one part of the team Terry Venables did not tinker with in his first 18 months. He had only changed the personnel through injury. When available, the back four was Rob Jones, Adams, Gary Pallister and Graeme Le Saux. At least, went the cry, he's got the defence sorted out.

But he was only just beginning. At the World Cup Venables had seen how the preference for split-strikers, one up front, one tucked in behind, had caused problems by making defenders uncertain whether to go with their man and leave the space behind, or mark the space but leave the man. He had then adopted a similar practice, playing Teddy Sheringham off Alan Shearer. But, while he had begun to set the puzzle, he had yet to solve it when posed by other teams.

Faced with such a dilemma most English defenders mark space - they do not feel comfortable in midfield where their ball control lets them down. But that means the team becomes outnumbered in midfield. As the match against Romania illustrated, good sides, allowed a man spare, can make England chase shadows for long periods. The domestic solution, adopted by teams like Aston Villa and Liverpool, was to play an extra central defender and push the full-backs up, making five in midfield. But this made the side top-heavy with defenders, and still left them square at the back.

When played in Europe the third defender is a sweeper, or libero, who provides cover for the markers and adds a dimension when pushing up. This option was not available to Venables: there was no such player available in the English Premiership.

Enlightenment was at hand. It came first from Don Howe, the FA's technical co-ordinator and an assistant to Venables. He went to look at the Ajax system and came back brimming with ideas. About the same time,Venables encountered Louis van Gaal, the Ajax coach, on a coaching seminar in America.

"They play a central defender with two full-backs," said Howe in China this week. "We thought we could do the same. We began talking to the players about it, in team meetings and in conversation. We began working on it in training, doing very hard sessions. I would take them and we would do 15-30 minutes, then we would swap the defenders around and go again, three times a session. It was hard, physically and mentally."

Venables began encouraging his central defenders to step out. Steve Howey did so against Colombia, but with no great confidence. Four matches later Gareth Southgate came in against Bulgaria. He stepped out a bit but it was his full debut and he was wary of over-committing. So it came to Croatia, and the great leap forwards. The onus was on the flanking defenders, Gary Neville and Stuart Pearce.

"You need the right personnel," said Howe. "Gary Neville was ideal because he had played centre-back and full-back. Stuart had more adapting to do; we worked hard with him and it was not a problem for him."

"It is not always easy to change things with older players," added Venables after the team had arrived in Hong Kong. "They can be set in their ways; they have been successful with the old system and want to keep it. You need players who are open to new ideas. The bonus is if you can get older players like Adams and Pearce on board, they will lead other players."

Adams has been portrayed for so long as the archetypal English defender, strong in the air, tough in the tackle, slow on the turn and worrying on the ball, that his ability to adapt has been questioned. This is forgetting how accomplished he was as a teenager with Arsenal before he became identified with sterility and offside traps.

Adams himself has no doubts. "You put labels on people but I feel comfortable in this system. I am delighted that the manager has the brains and the knowledge of the game to do it.

"If the opposition do not play three-up, why have we got four back? Years ago we had the four of us just standing there - now I say 'Off you go Gareth, go in and force the issue up front'." Southgate nearly did so in dramatic fashion on Thursday, bursting forward from a defensive four to shoot over early on.

"I think it is a positive way of playing three at the back," Gary Neville said. "You only have three defenders with two wingers coming back. It is about the discipline of knowing your own job and communication. It was very noisy on Thursday, but that helps in a way. You keep in eye contact more and you have to rely on your ability to defend well rather than rely on shouts.

"Playing in a three suits me more than playing full-back or centre-back," Neville added. "I have played both positions from a young age but this one allows me to get forward a little bit, without having the onus to go forward and support attacks all the time, and it allows me to defend as well."

Howe realises the system has yet to be truly tested. "We will only find out how good it is when we play an Italy or a Germany. No one else does it except Ajax, but we could lead the way. Clubs often follow the national team - if they are successful." The easing in of Adams and Phil Neville - who was sent into the stands last Saturday for the Hungary game to watch the system - probably justifies the Asian trip, as long as there are no complications with Gascoigne's blood poisoning, no one is injured today, and there is no hooliganism.

Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Bryan Cranston as Walter White, in the acclaimed series 'Breaking Bad'
Those who were encouraged to walk in a happy manner remembered less negative words
footballChelsea 6 Maribor 0: Blues warm up for Premier League showdown with stroll in Champions League - but Mourinho is short of strikers
Arts and Entertainment
Princess Olga in 'You Can't Get the Staff'
tvReview: The anachronistic aristocrats, it seemed, were just happy to have some attention
Renee Zellweger as Bridget Jones
Life and Style

Board creates magnetic field to achieve lift

There have been various incidents of social media users inadvertently flouting the law

Life and Style
Stack ‘em high?: quantity doesn’t always trump quality, as Friends of the Earth can testify
techThe proliferation of online petitions allows us to register our protests at the touch of a button. But do they change anything?
Bourgogne wine maker Laboure-Roi vice president Thibault Garin (L) offers the company's 2013 Beaujolais Nouveau wine to the guest in the wine spa at the Hakone Yunessun spa resort facilities in Hakone town, Kanagawa prefecture, some 100-kilometre west of Tokyo
CSKA Moscow celebrate after equalising with a late penalty
footballCSKA Moscow 2 Manchester City 2: Premier League champions let two goal lead slip in Russia
Sudan, the last male northern white rhino
environmentThe death of a white northern rhino in Kenya has left the species with a single male. These are the other species on the brink
Caption competition
Caption competition
Latest stories from i100
Daily Quiz
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

Career Services
iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

IT Project Manager

Competitive: Clearwater People Solutions Ltd: Our client based in Chelmsford a...

Business Intelligence Specialist - work from home

£40000 per annum: Ashdown Group: An established and growing IT Consultancy fir...

Business Intelligence Specialist - work from home

£40000 per annum: Ashdown Group: An established and growing IT Consultancy fir...

IT Manager

£40000 - £45000 per annum + pension, healthcare,25 days: Ashdown Group: An est...

Day In a Page

Indiana serial killer? Man arrested for murdering teenage prostitute confesses to six other murders - and police fear there could be many more

A new American serial killer?

Police fear man arrested for murder of teen prostitute could be responsible for killing spree dating back 20 years
Sweetie, the fake 10-year-old girl designed to catch online predators, claims her first scalp

Sting to trap paedophiles may not carry weight in UK courts

Computer image of ‘Sweetie’ represented entrapment, experts say
Fukushima nuclear crisis: Evacuees still stuck in cramped emergency housing three years on - and may never return home

Return to Fukushima – a land they will never call home again

Evacuees still stuck in cramped emergency housing three years on from nuclear disaster
Wildlife Photographer of the Year: Intimate image of resting lions claims top prize

Wildlife Photographer of the Year

Intimate image of resting lions claims top prize
Online petitions: Sign here to change the world

Want to change the world? Just sign here

The proliferation of online petitions allows us to register our protests at the touch of a button. But do they change anything?
Ed Sheeran hits back after being labelled too boring to headline festivals

'You need me, I don’t need you'

Ed Sheeran hits back after being labelled too boring to headline festivals
How to Get Away with Murder: Shonda Rhimes reinvents the legal drama

How to Get Away with Murder

Shonda Rhimes reinvents the legal drama
A cup of tea is every worker's right

Hard to swallow

Three hospitals in Leicester have banned their staff from drinking tea and coffee in public areas. Christopher Hirst explains why he thinks that a cuppa is every worker's right
Which animals are nearly extinct?

Which animals are nearly extinct?

Conservationists in Kenya are in mourning after the death of a white northern rhino, which has left the species with a single male. These are the other species on the brink
12 best children's shoes

Perfect for leaf-kicking: 12 best children's shoes

Find footwear perfect to keep kids' feet protected this autumn
Anderlecht vs Arsenal: Gunners' ray of light Aaron Ramsey shines again

Arsenal’s ray of light ready to shine again

Aaron Ramsey’s injury record has prompted a club investigation. For now, the midfielder is just happy to be fit to face Anderlecht in the Champions League
Comment: David Moyes' show of sensitivity thrown back in his face by former Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson

Moyes’ show of sensitivity thrown back in his face... by Ferguson

Manchester United legend tramples on successor who resisted criticising his inheritance
Two super-sized ships have cruised into British waters, but how big can these behemoths get?

Super-sized ships: How big can they get?

Two of the largest vessels in the world cruised into UK waters last week
British doctors on brink of 'cure' for paralysis with spinal cord treatment

British doctors on brink of cure for paralysis

Sufferers can now be offered the possibility of cure thanks to a revolutionary implant of regenerative cells
Ranked seventh in world’s best tourist cities - not London, or Edinburgh, but Salisbury

Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel 2015

UK city beats Vienna, Paris and New York to be ranked seventh in world’s best tourist destinations - but it's not London