England v Peru: 10 things you (possibly) never knew about Peruvian football...

A closer look at England's final opponents before Hodgson's team head across the Atlantic

England play Peru in their final World Cup warm-up match before they head to Miami. Here, we take a closer look at Friday night's opponents...

1. Peru inflicted one of the great shocks in British World Cup history. Scotland went to Argentina in 1978 – “Ally’s Tartan Army” – genuinely expecting to challenge. In their first game, in Cordoba, Joe Jordan put them ahead but Peru equalised, before Teofilo Cubillas scored two great late goals to win it 3-1. Scotland did not make it out of their group.

2. In defence of the Scotland manager, Ally MacLeod, that Peru side of the 1970s was probably their greatest ever team. They reached the quarter-finals of Mexico 1970, losing 4-2 to the eventual winners Brazil, and the second group stage in 1978. Peru won the Copa America in 1975, their second and most recent major trophy.

3. Peru’s exit from the 1978 World Cup – after a 6-0 defeat by Argentina – remains controversial. Genaro Ledesma, a Peruvian senator, said in 2012 that the result was agreed in advance at the behest of Argentine dictator Jorge Videla. The Peru goalkeeper that day, Ramon Quiroga, was born in Rosario, Argentina.

4. Cubillas was the star of that Peru side and he is considered Peru’s greatest player. He was a huge success with Alianza Lima in Peru, coming out of retirement at 38 to play for them for free when 16 players died in a plane crash in 1987.

5. The Peru teams of the 1970s wore one of the classic World Cup kits – a red diagonal sash on a white shirt. Malcolm Allison was so impressed that as manager he introduced a sash kit at Manchester City and then at Crystal Palace.

6. Peru’s most recent export to English football is the trumpet-playing Nolberto Solano, who played 11 seasons in the Premier League, primarily with Newcastle United, after Kenny Dalglish paid Boca Juniors £2.5m for him in 1998. Solano won 95 caps for Peru, and now manages the semi-professional Internacional de Toronto, in League1 Ontario.

7. This is the first game for Peru’s new head coach, Pablo Bengoechea, who took over in March after the departure of his predecessor Sergio Markarian, to whom he was the assistant. Peru never looked like reaching this summer’s World Cup, finishing third-bottom of the Latin American group, 10 points adrift of the qualification and play-off places.

8. Bengoechea has chosen a young squad for his first game, resting their four most famous players, who have little to prove to him. So Peru are without the veteran striker Claudio Pizarro, Fiorentina winger Juan Manuel Vargas, Corinthians’ striker Paolo Guerrero and the Schalke winger Jefferson Farfan, who is also injured.

9. Despite one difficult season in England, Pizarro has been one of South America’s best exports to European football in recent years. He has scored 176 Bundesliga goals, in two spells with Bayern Munich and Werder Bremen. Even at 35 he has just signed on for another year working under Pep Guardiola.

10. Peru’s relative lack of stature among South America’s big football nations is reflected in the club game. No Peruvian team has won the Copa Libertadores. They have reached two finals: Universitario were beaten by Independiente in 1972 and Sporting Cristal – featuring Solano – lost to Cruzeiro in 1997.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Caption competition
Caption competition
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?

Bleacher Report

Daily Quiz
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

Career Services

Day In a Page

In a world of Saudi bullying, right-wing Israeli ministers and the twilight of Obama, Iran is looking like a possible policeman of the Gulf

Iran is shifting from pariah to possible future policeman of the Gulf

Robert Fisk on our crisis with Iran
The young are the new poor: A third of young people pushed into poverty

The young are the new poor

Sharp increase in the number of under-25s living in poverty
Greens on the march: ‘We could be on the edge of something very big’

Greens on the march

‘We could be on the edge of something very big’
Revealed: the case against Bill Cosby - through the stories of his accusers

Revealed: the case against Bill Cosby

Through the stories of his accusers
Why are words like 'mongol' and 'mongoloid' still bandied about as insults?

The Meaning of Mongol

Why are the words 'mongol' and 'mongoloid' still bandied about as insults?
Mau Mau uprising: Kenyans still waiting for justice join class action over Britain's role in the emergency

Kenyans still waiting for justice over Mau Mau uprising

Thousands join class action over Britain's role in the emergency
Isis in Iraq: The trauma of the last six months has overwhelmed the remaining Christians in the country

The last Christians in Iraq

After 2,000 years, a community will try anything – including pretending to convert to Islam – to avoid losing everything, says Patrick Cockburn
Black Friday: Helpful discounts for Christmas shoppers, or cynical marketing by desperate retailers?

Helpful discounts for Christmas shoppers, or cynical marketing by desperate retailers?

Britain braced for Black Friday
Bill Cosby's persona goes from America's dad to date-rape drugs

From America's dad to date-rape drugs

Stories of Bill Cosby's alleged sexual assaults may have circulated widely in Hollywood, but they came as a shock to fans, says Rupert Cornwell
Clare Balding: 'Women's sport is kicking off at last'

Clare Balding: 'Women's sport is kicking off at last'

As fans flock to see England women's Wembley debut against Germany, the TV presenter on an exciting 'sea change'
Oh come, all ye multi-faithful: The Christmas jumper is in fashion, but should you wear your religion on your sleeve?

Oh come, all ye multi-faithful

The Christmas jumper is in fashion, but should you wear your religion on your sleeve?
Dr Charles Heatley: The GP off to do battle in the war against Ebola

The GP off to do battle in the war against Ebola

Dr Charles Heatley on joining the NHS volunteers' team bound for Sierra Leone
Flogging vlogging: First video bloggers conquered YouTube. Now they want us to buy their books

Flogging vlogging

First video bloggers conquered YouTube. Now they want us to buy their books
Saturday Night Live vs The Daily Show: US channels wage comedy star wars

Saturday Night Live vs The Daily Show

US channels wage comedy star wars
When is a wine made in Piedmont not a Piemonte wine? When EU rules make Italian vineyards invisible

When is a wine made in Piedmont not a Piemonte wine?

When EU rules make Italian vineyards invisible