Panel explains dismissal of UK drug study

The International Amateur Athletic Federation arbitration panel has disputed the objectivity of a British study into the anabolic steroid, nandrolone.

The International Amateur Athletic Federation arbitration panel has disputed the objectivity of a British study into the anabolic steroid, nandrolone.

The study, conducted by Professor Ron Maughan at Aberdeen University, found that dietary supplements which did not contain banned substances combined with vigorous exercise could produce excessive nandrolone metabolites.

On Monday the panel, which had heard evidence from Professor Maughan, banned former Olympic 100 metres champion, Linford Christie, European 200m champion, Doug Walker, and former 400m hurdler, Gary Cadogan, for two years after positive tests for nandrolone. The trio had been cleared by the British governing body, UK Athletics.

In an article in the IAAF's official newsletter, the federation's general secretary, Istvan Gyulai, said the panel had found several weak points in the study.

"Professor Maughan's research could not be regarded as an independent study because he is a member of the UKA disciplinary committee which heard the cases of Walker, Christie and Cadogan," Gyulai said. He said the study sample was too small to produce a reliable result, the subjects had not been kept in a controlled and supervised environment and not all the supplements had been tested

Gyulai also confirmed Christie had tested positive for a level of nandrolone 100 times over the accepted limit.

He said Walker had returned a level of 12.59 nanograms a millilitre, Cadogan 10.6 ng/ml and Christie 200 ng/ml. The accepted limit for men is 2 ng/ml.

Christie has withdrawn his request for accreditation to coach his athletes at the Olympic Stadium in Sydney next month, but the British Olympic Association comfirmed yesterday that he will be alowed access to those whose careers he directs - including Darren Campbell, Jamie Baulch and Katharine Merry - at the British holding camp on the Gold Coast.

"Linford Christie has acted professionally in the interests of his athletes," said Craig Reedie of the BOA.

This represents a compromise following the IAAF's recent dicison to overturn Christie's clearance by UK Athletics on nandrolone charges.

Two years ago, Marie-Jose Perec could not lift herself out of bed or climb a flight of stairs. Doctors told the Olympic sprint champion she would never run again. Back from a debilitating viral illness, the twice 400 metres champion has proven her doctors wrong and said she is ready for the Olympic Games.

Winning the event in Sydney would be an unprecedented feat, making the Guadeloupe-born runner the first woman to win three Olympic gold medals in the same athletics event.

"This race is very special for me," Perec said. "Nobody has ever done this before. I want to win that race in Sydney. I want to make history."

But simply returning to Olympic competition is a triumph for Perec, who overcame a rare form of glandular fever linked to the Epstein Barr virus. She has, in her own words, returned "from death," and hopes her example will inspire others struggling with illness.

"Some days it's so hard, you wake up and you look into the darkness and ask yourself, 'Am I going to get out of this?' But you need to believe. You have to fight and don't give up."

Perec's relationship with the 400m is a tortuous one: she describes it as "draining" and "painful" and may stop racing after the Olympics.

Enormously popular in France, Perec is known as"la Gazelle" for her graceon the track and model-like beauty. She has dominated the event for much of the last decade, winning gold in Barcelona in 1992 and again in Atlanta in 1996, where she also won the 200m.

In 1998, at the peak of her career, Perec was diagnosed with a rare type of Epstein Barr syndrome, which causes chronic fatigue, affects the heart and can be fatal.

"I was very, very tired all the time. I was sleepy and I couldn't climb a flight of stairs," Perec said. Lying in bed, she felt her heart race at 130 beats per minute, up from her usual resting pulse of 58.

During three months of treatment, doctors pumped Perec with cortisone, and her athletic, muscle-toned frame ballooned from 58 kilograms to 72kg. "I felt like I was inside somebody else's body," Perec said. "You know you're taking all this medicine to get better, but I felt like I was destroying myself."

Life and Style
Steve Shaw shows Kate how to get wet behind the ears and how to align her neck
healthSteven Shaw - the 'Buddha of Breaststroke' - applies Alexander Technique to the watery sport
A poster by Durham Constabulary
Cameron Jerome
footballCanaries beat Boro to gain promotion to the Premier League
Arts and Entertainment
Performers drink tea at the Glastonbury festival in 2010
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Arts and Entertainment
Emily McDowell Card that reads:
artCancer survivor Emily McDowell kicks back at the clichés
footballShirt then goes on sale on Gumtree
Arts and Entertainment
Twin Peaks stars Joan Chen, Michael Ontkean, Kyle Maclachlan and Piper Laurie
tvBadalamenti on board for third series
Life and Style
Standing room only: the terraces at Villa Park in 1935
Ben Stokes celebrates with his team mates after bowling Brendon McCullum
sportEngland vs New Zealand report
Amal Clooney has joined the legal team defending 'The Hooden Men'
Caption competition
Caption competition
Latest stories from i100
Daily Quiz
Independent Dating

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

Career Services
iJobs Job Widget
iJobs General

Guru Careers: Software Developer / C# Developer

£40-50K: Guru Careers: We are seeking an experienced Software / C# Developer w...

Guru Careers: Software Developer

£35 - 40k + Benefits: Guru Careers: We are seeking a Software Developer (JavaS...

SThree: Trainee Recruitment Consultant / Resourcer

£18000 - £23000 per annum + Commission: SThree: As a Trainee Recruitment Consu...

Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AngularJS)

£25000 - £40000 per annum: Ashdown Group: UI Developer - (UI, JavaScript, HTML...

Day In a Page

Abuse - and the hell that came afterwards

Abuse - and the hell that follows

James Rhodes on the extraordinary legal battle to publish his memoir
Why we need a 'tranquility map' of England, according to campaigners

It's oh so quiet!

The case for a 'tranquility map' of England
'Timeless fashion': It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it

'Timeless fashion'

It may be a paradox, but the industry loves it
If the West needs a bridge to the 'moderates' inside Isis, maybe we could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive after all

Could have done with Osama bin Laden staying alive?

Robert Fisk on the Fountainheads of World Evil in 2011 - and 2015
New exhibition celebrates the evolution of swimwear

Evolution of swimwear

From bathing dresses in the twenties to modern bikinis
Sun, sex and an anthropological study: One British academic's summer of hell in Magaluf

Sun, sex and an anthropological study

One academic’s summer of hell in Magaluf
From Shakespeare to Rising Damp... to Vicious

Frances de la Tour's 50-year triumph

'Rising Damp' brought De la Tour such recognition that she could be forgiven if she'd never been able to move on. But at 70, she continues to flourish - and to beguile
'That Whitsun, I was late getting away...'

Ian McMillan on the Whitsun Weddings

This weekend is Whitsun, and while the festival may no longer resonate, Larkin's best-loved poem, lives on - along with the train journey at the heart of it
Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath in a new light

Songs from the bell jar

Kathryn Williams explores the works and influences of Sylvia Plath
How one man's day in high heels showed him that Cannes must change its 'no flats' policy

One man's day in high heels

...showed him that Cannes must change its 'flats' policy
Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Is a quiet crusade to reform executive pay bearing fruit?

Dominic Rossi of Fidelity says his pressure on business to control rewards is working. But why aren’t other fund managers helping?
The King David Hotel gives precious work to Palestinians - unless peace talks are on

King David Hotel: Palestinians not included

The King David is special to Jerusalem. Nick Kochan checked in and discovered it has some special arrangements, too
More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years

End of the Aussie brain drain

More people moving from Australia to New Zealand than in the other direction for first time in 24 years
Meditation is touted as a cure for mental instability but can it actually be bad for you?

Can meditation be bad for you?

Researching a mass murder, Dr Miguel Farias discovered that, far from bringing inner peace, meditation can leave devotees in pieces
Eurovision 2015: Australians will be cheering on their first-ever entrant this Saturday

Australia's first-ever Eurovision entrant

Australia, a nation of kitsch-worshippers, has always loved the Eurovision Song Contest. Maggie Alderson says it'll fit in fine