'Four cases is not enormous. Two were unfortunate cases. It's fewer than previous Games,' he said. 'I'm very optimistic that the fight against doping is progressing very well. The prospects for the future are very good.'
But not for the shot putter Bonnie Dasse, 33, whose test after finishing eighth showed signs of clenbuterol. She was the fifth American Olympian to be caught since testing began in 1972.
De Merode is right - there were 10 failures at Seoul. But Manfred Donike, of Germany, a leading drug expert, is less sanguine. He said that the only reason the clenbuterol takers were caught was that they got bad advice from the black-market handbook circulating in the village, which said it disappeared from their systems within 24 hours.Reuse content