When the Soviet Union collapsed 20 years ago, Mary Dejevsky was struck by the bravery and optimism she saw on the streets of Moscow. Now she asks, why has Russia failed to live up to the West's expectations?
Born in Merv, Central Asia, in 1923, a wartime nurse and physician by profession, Elena Bonner was known internationally as a human rights activist in the Soviet Union in the 1970s and the wife of Andrei Sakharov, the most prestigious and influential of dissidents.
What can we learn from some of the 20th century's most noted leaders? And what message do Clinton, Gorbachev et al have for future heads of state? Brian Michael Till gets the word from the top
As he marks his 80th birthday this Wednesday, the Soviet Union's last president is lauded in the West but remains distinctly undervalued in Russia. Matthew Bell meets Mikhail Gorbachev
On 3 December 1989 the Cold War ‘officially’ ended when Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev met with US president George Bush aboard a Soviet ship docked at Malta’s Marsaxlokk harbour.
Alexander Lebedev, the owner of The Independent, The Independent on Sunday and i, passionately defended free speech yesterday as he delivered the prestigious Society of Editors Lecture in Glasgow.
Henry must be reflecting that his cut-price purchase is in need of far more dramatic surgery than an initial £25m outlay on transfers
In his own estimation, Georgi Arbatov had more to do with the ending of the Cold War than any other Soviet person, Mikhail Gorbachev included. This may seem like extraordinary vanity. Indeed, it was. But I think that his claim was no more than the truth. He was the senior American policy expert, or "Amerikanist", in the Soviet Communist Party in the last 20 years of the Cold War. He was the public face of the Kremlin for a whole generation of television viewers in the United States.
His talk show featured presidents and superstars, made the headlines and even influenced elections.
Algirdas Brazauskas might not have been the titular leader of Lithuania as it regained its freedom amid the collapse of the Soviet Union. But for two turbulent decades he was his country's most important political figure, who played a crucial part in the dismantling of the communist system – not just in his own small Baltic country, but across the Soviet empire.
From politicians to actors, monarchs to musicians, Rankin’s latest book and exhibition brings together some of the most famous faces of the last 20 years.
Almost a generation after leaving the Kremlin, Mikhail Gorbachev blames himself – for reforming the Soviet Union so fast that it couldn't survive. Mary Dejevsky meets him
The future of The Independent and The Independent on Sunday was secured yesterday when Independent Print Limited (IPL), a company owned by the Lebedev family, agreed to acquire the newspapers from Independent News and Media (INM).
Former KGB agent and Evening Standard owner Alexander Lebedev is in exclusive talks to buy The Independent and Independent on Sunday, it was confirmed today.
Bill Roedy runs MTV in 162 countries and hopes to unite people through music, with help from Fidel and Bono. Ian Burrell reports
No invading army has ever 'won' in Afghanistan, and nothing unites the people more than infidel soldiers on their holy soil