News A statue depicting a Neanderthal. Scientists have discovered that Neanderthal genes passed on to modern humans could affect our likelihood of developing auto-immune diseases.

The likelihood of people developing diseases including type two diabetes and Crohn's could be affected by genes inherited from Neanderthals

DNA from a 50,000 year old toe shows Neanderthals were highly inbred

The toe holds the clues to the truth about interbreeding between Neanderthals and other human sub-species

George Clooney's Esquire blunder

The actor's made some ungracious remarks in a recent magazine interview

1. Oldknow’s Limekilns, Marple

Architecture needs you! 'Heritage army' enlisted for big survey of England’s 345,000 Grade II listed buildings

English Heritages' annual 'at-risk' survey has found 5,700 listed buildings or sites deemed to be imperilled by neglect or decay, a fall of 131 from the previous year

Found after 10,000 years: the world’s first calendar

Humans had a sophisticated calendrical system thousands of years earlier than previously thought, according to new research.

Review: The North, By Paul Morley

A Tigger’s guide to northerners

Andy McSmith's Diary: A soapbox for the rich and obstinately opinionated

If you have money to throw away and a mind bunged up with prejudices you feel you must share, all you need do these days is contact the advertising department of The Times.

Legge: in the trench or the laboratory, he was tremendous company

Professor Tony Legge: Authority on the archaeology of animal bones

Tony Legge was an outstanding archaeologist who worked especially in zooarchaeology, the study of animal bones from archaeological excavations. He made major contributions to our understanding of prehistoric people's relationships to animals, including the beginnings of herding. His passion for the subject and deep scepticism of colleagues who only knew about animals from books enthused his students, including many adult learners, as he himself had been.

Film review: The Croods (U)

A whizzier version of The Flintstones, this DreamWorks animation concerns a Neanderthal family discovering that there is life beyond their cave.

New finding casts doubt on theory that ancestors of modern humans interbred with Neanderthals

A new finding has cast doubt on the theory that ancestors of modern humans interbred with Neanderthals over thousands of years.

This model is based on finds from the Neander valley in Germany

Palaeolithic Park? Harvard professor seeks 'adventurous' woman to give birth to baby Neanderthal

Professor George Church plans to bring our long-extinct relative back to life using artificial DNA

Reassessing the human species: Highlander Warriors In Mount Hagen, Western Highlands, Papua New Guinea

The World Until Yesterday, By Jared Diamond

As the rich world suffers its crisis of excess, we can learn much from peoples who live with little.

Down to earth: Southend provide a dose of lower-League reality for Bradford at Roots Hall

The Calvin Report: Reality bites for cup stars Bradford

Southend United 2 Bradford City 2: Bantams get back to the routine grind with a draw against Southend in League Two

Adele's and Schubert's songs are 'remarkably similar,' according to Bafta-winning composer Howard Goodall

Adele's music owes a debt to Franz Schubert according to new BBC show analysing music 'from the Stone Age to the Digital Age'

Composer Howard Goodall, who has written and presented the show, says he wants to 'show a straight line that runs through to the present day'

I said he looked like a monkey but it wasn't racist, Pc tells court

A police officer admitted saying a black man looked like a monkey but said it had nothing to do with his race and that he was pointing him out during a discussion about evolution, a court heard today.

Scientists found evidence that human ancestors used stone-tipped weapons 200,000 years earlier than once thought

Prehistoric arms race started earlier than previously thought

Scientists have found evidence that human ancestors used stone-tipped weapons 200,000 years earlier than once thought, findings that may change notions about the capabilities of prehistoric people.

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Independent Travel
Pompeii, Capri & the Bay of Naples
Dubrovnik, the Dalmatian Coast & Montenegro
Burgundy, the River Rhone & Provence
Lisbon, Oporto and the Douro Valley
Lake Garda, Venice & Verona
Spain
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Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

The enemy within

People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

Autumn/winter menswear 2015

The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

Army general planning to come out
Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

What the six wise men told Tony Blair

Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

25 years of The Independent on Sunday

The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

Homeless Veterans appeal

As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

Smash hit go under the hammer

It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

The geeks who rocked the world

A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

Growing mussels

Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project