Turkey is part of a front determined to oust Mr Assad, while Russia supports the embattled Syrian leader
It is damaging for Turkey to have bad relations with Russia and Iran, two powerful neighbours close to its borders
Turkey has no interest in the peaceful settlement to the conflict in Syria that world powers are negotiating. As Erdogan gets desperate, he will attempt to bring focus back to Assad
Turkmen are descended from groups who began moving into modern-day Syria during the 10th century
“Our pilots and our plane never threatened Turkey in any way - this was an obvious fact. They were conducting an operation to fight Isis”
Russian authorities have confirmed the jet was theirs, but denied it was in Turkish airspace
Francois Hollande is in Washington for talks with Barack Obama on the international strategy against Isis today
From Presidential meddling to 17th century menus - here are the little-known facts about Turkey Day
The British passport is the 10th most expensive in the world, costing £72
Isis was quick to understand a truth the West must now confront: that the national borders imposed by colonial powers 100 years go are becoming meaningless, says Robert Fisk
The nation has a well-established democracy but ranks poorly for free media and critics have accused authorities of trying to muzzle dissent
The men are believed to be Moroccan, according to Turkey's state news agency
'The problems of the region cannot be resolved without a solution that can be accepted by everyone living inside Syria'
Ismael Omar Mostefai is the only attacker to have formally been named by police in France
'Sadly, not in Catstantinople'
Aine Davis, originally from Hammersmith in London, is believed to have guarded hostages in an Isis prison in Syria