192-PART GUIDE TO THE WORLD: PART 5 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

OFFICIAL NAME

Antigua and Barbuda

POPULATION

About 66,000.

SIZE

Even combined, the three islands, including Redonda (Antigua's second dependency, a rocky volcanic islet set 35 miles to the south west), would fit 70 times into Belgium. Antigua, with about 108 square miles, is the largest of the eastern Caribbean's Leeward Islands.

ENVIRONMENT

Antigua is low-lying and composed of volcanic rock, coral and limestone, with unspectacular but pretty rolling hills and flowering trees. As a result of colonial deforestation, most of Antigua's vegetation has been reduced to dry scrub. Neighbouring Barbuda is a flat coral island. Both islands are fringed by glorious white sand beaches.

BEST MONUMENT

The ruins of Shirley Heights are a candidate. This is the 18th-century naval base used by (among others) Horatio Nelson. Today the ruins stand on a particularly picturesque spot, where steel bands and reggae bands play at weekends.

MOST FAMOUS CITIZEN

For most people in Britain, it is the former captain of the West Indies cricket team, Viv Richards. Nineteenth-century novelist Matthew Phipps Shiell is perhaps another strong contender. Formerly King Felipe of Redonda, Phipps Shiell emigrated to the UK where he wrote his novel, The Purple Cloud. This was later made into a film called The World, The Flesh and The Devil, staring Harry Belafonte.

NATIONAL DISH

Pepperpot, a stew of vegetables and a range of (optional) salted meats.

BEST MOMENT IN HISTORY

1 November 1981, the date of independence from Britain.

WORST MOMENT IN HISTORY

The 18th century was a grim time for these islands, with most of the population enslaved on sugar plantations by the very few. Even after the emancipation of the slaves in 1834 conditions scarcely improved for farm labourers.

ESSENTIAL ACCESSORY

Sunblock, fishing rod, snorkel. Plus insect repellent to ward off noseeums, tiny sandflies that give nasty stings.

HOW NOT TO BEHAVE

Do not expect to spend nights under canvas as camping is illegal.

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Life and Style
Suited and booted in the Lanvin show at the Paris menswear collections
fashionParis Fashion Week
News
i100
Arts and Entertainment
Kara Tointon and Jeremy Piven star in Mr Selfridge
tvActress Kara Tointon on what to expect from Series 3
Voices
Winston Churchill, then prime minister, outside No 10 in June 1943
voicesA C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
News
i100
News
An asteroid is set to pass so close to Earth it will be visible with binoculars
news
News
Travel
ebookHow to enjoy the perfect short break in 20 great cities
Independent Travel Videos
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in Amsterdam
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in Giverny
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in St John's
Independent Travel Videos
Latest stories from i100
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs Travel

    Old Royal Naval College: ORNC Visitor Experience Volunteer

    Unpaid voluntary work: Old Royal Naval College: Join our team of friendly volu...

    Recruitment Genius: Customer Service / Sales Assistant

    £8 per hour: Recruitment Genius: This airport parking organisation are looking...

    Recruitment Genius: PCV Bus Drivers

    £8 per hour: Recruitment Genius: Do you enjoy bus driving and are looking for ...

    Ashdown Group: IT Support Technician - York

    £18000 - £20000 per annum + Benefits: Ashdown Group: IT Support Technician - Y...

    Day In a Page

    Syria crisis: Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more refugees as one young mother tells of torture by Assad regime

    Celebrities call on David Cameron to take more Syrian refugees

    One young mother tells of torture by Assad regime
    The enemy within: People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back – with promising results

    The enemy within

    People who hear voices in their heads are being encouraged to talk back
    'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

    'In Auschwitz you got used to anything'

    Survivors of the Nazi concentration camp remember its horror, 70 years on
    Autumn/winter menswear 2015: The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore

    Autumn/winter menswear 2015

    The uniforms that make up modern life come to the fore
    'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

    'I'm gay, and plan to fight military homophobia'

    Army general planning to come out
    Iraq invasion 2003: The bloody warnings six wise men gave to Tony Blair as he prepared to launch poorly planned campaign

    What the six wise men told Tony Blair

    Months before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, experts sought to warn the PM about his plans. Here, four of them recall that day
    25 years of The Independent on Sunday: The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century

    25 years of The Independent on Sunday

    The stories, the writers and the changes over the last quarter of a century
    Homeless Veterans appeal: 'Really caring is a dangerous emotion in this kind of work'

    Homeless Veterans appeal

    As head of The Soldiers' Charity, Martin Rutledge has to temper compassion with realism. He tells Chris Green how his Army career prepared him
    Wu-Tang Clan and The Sexual Objects offer fans a chance to own the only copies of their latest albums

    Smash hit go under the hammer

    It's nice to pick up a new record once in a while, but the purchasers of two latest releases can go a step further - by buying the only copy
    Geeks who rocked the world: Documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry

    The geeks who rocked the world

    A new documentary looks back at origins of the computer-games industry
    Belle & Sebastian interview: Stuart Murdoch reveals how the band is taking a new direction

    Belle & Sebastian is taking a new direction

    Twenty years ago, Belle & Sebastian was a fey indie band from Glasgow. It still is – except today, as prime mover Stuart Murdoch admits, it has a global cult following, from Hollywood to South Korea
    America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

    America: Land of the free, home of the political dynasty

    These days in the US things are pretty much stuck where they are, both in politics and society at large, says Rupert Cornwell
    A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

    A graphic history of US civil rights – in comic book form

    A veteran of the Fifties campaigns is inspiring a new generation of activists
    Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

    Winston Churchill: the enigma of a British hero

    A C Benson called him 'a horrid little fellow', George Orwell would have shot him, but what a giant he seems now, says DJ Taylor
    Growing mussels: Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project

    Growing mussels

    Precious freshwater shellfish are thriving in a unique green project