The second-largest country in the world is set to celebrate its birthday. Ben Ross adds it all up


The number of provinces in Canada. In order of population these are Ontario (13 million), Québec, British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland & Labrador, and Prince Edward Island – which has just 140,000 residents. The Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon are territories rather than provinces. Each boasts stunning scenery. Exodus offers a 15-day Yukon Canoe Expedition up the Yukon River from £2,439 per person including flights, departing 14 August.


Height, in metres, of the CN Tower in Toronto, the tallest free-standing structure in the western hemisphere. It's closed this weekend due to the G20 summit but will be back in action from 28 June. Tickets to the 447m-high Skypod observation level cost C$27.99 (£19).


The length, in kilometres, of Vancouver Island, the largest island on the western side of North America. Responsible Travel offers a seven-day exploration of the Pacific Rim National Park plus sea kayaking in the nearby Broken Group islands from £1,141 excluding flights, with departures until September.


Number of official languages spoken in Canada. English should serve you just fine, but anyone going to the province of Québec will find French is the dominant language. From 8-25 July, Montréal (the largest city in Québec) will play host to the first ever Montréal Complètement Cirque festival, with circus troupes demonstrating their skills in performances throughout the city.


The time in the morning on 1 July that London's Canada Day celebrations begin in Trafalgar Square. It's the fifth time this free event has been held, with film showings, cookery demonstrations and the Trafalgar Cup street hockey tournament on offer throughout the day.


The length, in kilometres, of the Trans-Canada Highway, one of the world's longest national highways, which runs from Victoria in British Columbia to St John's in Newfoundland (and includes ferry sections to and from these island cities). For details on itineraries and how to make the most of the route, go to


The number of teeth a healthy polar bear has. The world's largest carnivorous land animal has a substantial population in Canada. Steppes Discovery offers a six-night expert-led small-group trip to see the polar bear migration at Churchill in Manitoba for £1,850 per person excluding international flights, plus £845 for flights from Winnipeg to Churchill. There is currently limited availability on 21 Oct and 23 Oct departures.


The number of years the Rocky Mountaineer train service has offered spectacular journeys through landscapes of British Columbia and the Canadian Rockies. There are various routes on offer: a package on the "Journey through the Clouds" tour from Vancouver to Jasper via Kamloops costs from C$819 (£549) for a four-day/ three-night trip.