192-Part Guide To The World: Bosnia-Herzegovina


Official name: The Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, more commonly referred to as Bosnia. After three years of civil war the former Yugoslav republic was split into two separate entities at the Dayton peace accord accord of 1995. Fifty-one per cent of the country, including Sarajevo, is governed by the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina (mainly Muslim and Croat), while the Serb Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina governs 49 per cent.

Official name: The Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, more commonly referred to as Bosnia. After three years of civil war the former Yugoslav republic was split into two separate entities at the Dayton peace accord accord of 1995. Fifty-one per cent of the country, including Sarajevo, is governed by the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina (mainly Muslim and Croat), while the Serb Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina governs 49 per cent.

Official language:The peoples of Bosnia-Herzegovina essentially speak the same language, Serbo-Croat, although Bosnians officially speak "Bosnian", Serbs speak "Serb", and Croats speak "Croat". Serbs use the Cyrillic alphabet while Croats and Muslims use the Latin alphabet.

Population:4.35 million in 1998. A religious/ ethnic mix with 44 per cent Muslims, 31 per cent Serbs (Orthodox), 17 per cent Croats (Roman Catholic) and seven per cent "others".

Size:19,741 square miles - one-and-a- half the size of Belgium.

Best monument: A blue cross marks the spot where six teenagers claim to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary on a hill above Medjugorje on 24 June 1981. Ever since, this mountain town has drawn pilgrims from all over the world, even during the war.

National dish:Turkish and Muslim influence is very noticeable in Bosnian food. Popular dishes include musaka (baked meat and aubergine), kapama (mutton with spinach and green onions) and cevapcici (lamb and beef rolls within a loaf of bread). Lokum (Turkish delight) and alva (nuts in honey) are popular deserts.

Climate: With its mountainous terrain, Bosnia has a variable climate, though moderate continental conditions dominate. Ve\ry cold winters mean snow can last until April. After heavy rain in early summer, it can become quite hot.

Most famous citizen: On 28 June 1914, a Bosnian Serb called Gavrilo Princip single-handedly rewrote the history of the world. Princip was a member of the Black Hand terrorist group who wanted Serbian independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the streets of Sarajevo caused Austria to declare war on Serbia, igniting a world war which claimed millions of lives.

Worst moment in history: In April 1992 Bosnian Serb snipers opened fire on civilians demonstrating for peace. The shelling of Sarajevo began shortly afterwards, and from that moment until the summer of 1995, at least 10,000 civilians were killed and the city was practically destroyed.

Best moment in history: It has yet to happen - but if Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is arrested for war crimes and stands trial in the Hague, that could be it.

What not to do: With an estimated one million land mines still remaining in Bosnia, don't drive off the hard shoulder or venture into abandoned villages.

The Independent travel offers: Discover a world of inspiring destinations

PROMOTED VIDEO
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Life and Style
beautyBelgian fan lands L'Oreal campaign after being spotted at World Cup
Extras
indybest
Arts and Entertainment
Chocolat author Joanne Harris has spoken about the financial struggles most authors face
books
Arts and Entertainment
Characters in the new series are based on real people, say its creators, unlike Arya and Clegane the Dog in ‘Game of Thrones’
tv'The Last Kingdom' is based on historical events
News
people
Arts and Entertainment
filmSir Ian McKellen will play retired detective in new film
Life and Style
tech
Travel
ebookHow to enjoy the perfect short break in 20 great cities
Arts and Entertainment
'Molecular Man +1+1+1' by Jonathan Borofsky at Yorkshire Sculpture park
tv
News
Glamour magazine hosts a yoga class with Yogalosophy author Mandy Ingber on June 10, 2013 in New York City.
newsFather Padraig O'Baoill said the exercise was 'unsavoury' in a weekly parish newsletter
Extras
indybest
News
people'She is unstoppable', says Jean Paul Gaultier at Paris show
Sport
Alexis Sanchez and apparently his barber Carlos Moles in Barcelona today
football
Independent Travel Videos
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in Amsterdam
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in Giverny
Independent Travel Videos
Simon Calder in St John's
Independent Travel Videos
Independent
Travel Shop
the manor
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on city breaks Find out more
santorini
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on chic beach resorts Find out more
sardina foodie
Up to 70% off luxury travel
on country retreats Find out more
Have you tried new the Independent Digital Edition apps?
Independent Dating
and  

By clicking 'Search' you
are agreeing to our
Terms of Use.

ES Rentals

    iJobs Job Widget
    iJobs Travel

    Sales Manager (Fashion and Jewellery), Paddington, London

    £45-£55k OTE £75k : Charter Selection: Major London International Fashion and ...

    Volunteer Digital Marketing Trustee needed

    Voluntary, reasonable expenses reimbursed: Reach Volunteering: Are you keen on...

    Java Swing Developer - Hounslow - £33K to £45K

    £33000 - £45000 per annum + 8% Bonus, pension: Deerfoot IT Resources Limited: ...

    Corporate Events Sales Manager, Marlow,Buckinghamshire

    £30K- £40K pa + Commision £10K + Benefits: Charter Selection: Rapidly expandin...

    Day In a Page

    The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week

    The true Gaza back-story that the Israelis aren’t telling this week

    A future Palestine state will have no borders and be an enclave within Israel, surrounded on all sides by Israeli-held territory, says Robert Fisk
    A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The German people demand an end to the fighting

    A History of the First World War in 100 Moments

    The German people demand an end to the fighting
    New play by Oscar Wilde's grandson reveals what the Irish wit said at his trials

    New play reveals what Oscar Wilde said at trials

    For a century, what Wilde actually said at his trials was a mystery. But the recent discovery of shorthand notes changed that. Now his grandson Merlin Holland has turned them into a play
    Can scientists save the world's sea life from

    Can scientists save our sea life?

    By the end of the century, the only living things left in our oceans could be plankton and jellyfish. Alex Renton meets the scientists who are trying to turn the tide
    Richard III, Trafalgar Studios, review: Martin Freeman gives highly intelligent performance

    Richard III review

    Martin Freeman’s psychotic monarch is big on mockery but wanting in malice
    Hollywood targets Asian audiences as US films enjoy record-breaking run at Chinese box office

    Hollywood targets Asian audiences

    The world's second biggest movie market is fast becoming the Hollywood studios' most crucial
    Grindr founder Joel Simkhai: 'I've found love on my dating app - and my mum keeps trying to hook me up!'

    Grindr founder Joel Simkhai: 'I've found love on my dating app'

    Five years on from its launch and Grindr is the world's most popular dating app for gay men. Its founder Joel Simkhai answers his critics, describes his isolation as a child
    Autocorrect has its uses but it can go rogue with embarrassing results - so is it time to ditch it?

    Is it time to ditch autocorrect?

    Matthew J X Malady persuaded friends to message manually instead, but failed to factor in fat fingers and drunk texting
    10 best girls' summer dresses

    Frock chick: 10 best girls' summer dresses

    Get them ready for the holidays with these cool and pretty options 
    Westminster’s dark secret: Adultery, homosexuality, sadomasochism and abuse of children were all seemingly lumped together

    Westminster’s dark secret

    Adultery, homosexuality, sadomasochism and abuse of children were all seemingly lumped together
    A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: Dulce et decorum est - a life cut short for a poet whose work achieved immortality

    A History of the First World War in 100 Moments

    Dulce et decorum est: a life cut short for a poet whose work achieved immortality
    Google tells popular music website to censor album cover art in 'sexually explicit content' ban

    Naked censorship?

    The strange case of Google, the music website and the nudity take-down requests
    Howzat! 8 best cricket bats

    Howzat! 8 best cricket bats

    As England take on India at Trent Bridge, here is our pick of the high-performing bats to help you up your run-count this summer 
    Brazil vs Germany World Cup 2014 comment: David Luiz falls from leader figure to symbol of national humiliation

    David Luiz falls from leader figure to symbol of national humiliation

    Captain appears to give up as shocking 7-1 World Cup semi-final defeat threatens ramifications in Brazil